|Birth name||Michael David Fuller|
|Also known as||Deputy Dawg|
|Born||December 18, 1949|
Malvern, Arkansas, United States
|Died||February 1, 1989 (aged 39)|
Austin, Texas, United States
Michael David Fuller (December 18, 1949 – February 1, 1989), better known by his stage name Blaze Foley, was an American country music singer-songwriter, poet, and artist active in Austin, Texas.
Foley was born Michael David Fuller in Malvern, Arkansas on December 18, 1949. He grew up in San Antonio, Texas and performed in a gospel band called The Singing Fuller Family with his mother, brother, and sisters. As a child, Blaze contracted polio, and as a consequence, one of his legs was shorter than the other, causing him to drag his foot while walking. He was nicknamed "Deputy Dawg" early in his career. In the spring of 1975, he was living in a small artists' community just outside Whitesburg, Georgia when he met Sybil Rosen. Rosen and Foley were in a relationship and decided to leave the artist community together to support his music. He went on the road and performed in Atlanta, Chicago, Houston, and, finally, Austin, Texas. Together, they ended up in Austin. Foley tried to get into songwriting, but after the move, he experienced a lot of career pressure. Foley started drinking more and the bar scene complicated his relationship with Rosen, which eventually ended.
Foley was close friends with Townes Van Zandt and was greatly influenced by him. Foley's stage name was inspired by his admiration of musician Red Foley and the stripper and burlesque performer Blaze Starr.
Music and lyrics
The master tapes from his first studio album were confiscated by the DEA when the executive producer was caught in a drug bust.:190 Another studio album disappeared when the master copies were stolen with his belongings from a station wagon that Foley had been given and lived in.:180 A third studio album, Wanted More Dead Than Alive, was thought to have disappeared until, many years after Blaze died, a friend who was cleaning out his car discovered what sounded like the Bee Creek recording sessions on which he and other musicians had performed. This was Foley's last studio album, and he was scheduled to tour the UK with Townes Van Zandt in support of the album. When Foley died, his attorney immediately nullified the recording contract and the master tapes subsequently disappeared (reportedly lost in a flood).
Death and legacy
On February 1, 1989, Foley was at a house in the Bouldin Creek neighborhood of Austin, Texas when he was shot in the chest and killed by Carey January, the son of Foley's friend Concho January. Blaze had confronted Carey January accusing him of stealing his father's veteran pension and welfare checks. Carey January was acquitted of first-degree murder by reason of self-defense. He and his father presented completely different versions of the shooting at trial. Concho January, who has since died, liked to drink and proved an unreliable witness even though he tried to testify against his son.
At his funeral, Foley's casket was coated with duct tape by his friends. Townes Van Zandt told a story where he and his musicians went to Foley's grave to dig up his body because they wanted the pawn ticket that Foley had for Townes's guitar.
Film and television
Foley's music is featured prominently in a feature-length documentary film about him entitled Blaze Foley: Duct Tape Messiah, released in 2011 by filmmaker Kevin Triplett.
Foley's song "Let Me Ride in Your Big Cadillac" featured prominently at the end of Episode 8 (July 2016) of the first season of the television show Preacher.
"Cold, Cold World" is featured in Episode 4, Season 5 of The Mentalist.
In 2016 his song "Clay Pigeons" featured on the soundtrack of the movie Homestate.
In January 2018, Blaze, a biographical drama directed by Ethan Hawke, premiered at the Sundance Film Festival. The screenplay was adapted by Hawke from the novel Living in the Woods in a Tree: Remembering Blaze by Sybil Rosen. The film stars musician Ben Dickey as Foley, Alia Shawkat as Sybil Rosen, and Charlie Sexton as Townes Van Zandt.
Townes Van Zandt wrote the 1990 song "Blaze's Blues" about his friend  and first released it on his 1991 live album Rain on a Conga Drum - Live in Berlin. He re-released it multiple times, notably on his two-disc album Live at Union Chapel, London, England.
Gurf Morlix wrote a Foley tribute song titled "Music You Mighta Made" for his 2009 album Last Exit to Happyland. On February 1, 2011, Morlix released a 15-song collection of Foley cover songs titled Blaze Foley's 113th Wet Dream.
In 1998, a various artist Foley digital tribute album was released titled Blaze Foley: In Tribute and Loving Memory...Volume One, which includes Foley's work by 15 artists (Deep State Production).
His 1979 song "If I Could Only Fly" was covered on Merle Haggard and Willie Nelson's 1987 duet album Seashores of Old Mexico, with the song reaching Number 58 on the Billboard Hot Country Songs singles chart. It was covered again by Haggard on his 2000 album If I Could Only Fly. Joe Nichols recorded it as a duet with Lee Ann Womack on his 2007 album Real Things. Nanci Griffith recorded it on her 2012 album Intersection. Kimmie Rhodes recorded it on the aforementioned 1998 Foley tribute album Blaze Foley: In Tribute and Loving Memory...Volume One.
In 2009, at the request of Foley's estate, Texas singer-songwriter and old-time music historian Jon Hogan was tasked with adding music to three unearthed songs from lyrics found in Foley's handwriting after his death. The three "new" songs "Every Now and Then", "Safe in the Arms of Love", and "Can't Always Cry" were recorded by Hogan on his 2010 tribute album Every Now and Then: Songs of Townes Van Zandt & Blaze Foley. In 2017, Hogan and musical partner Maria Moss re-recorded "Can't Always Cry" for their album In Dreams I Go Back Home.
- "He's only gone crazy once. Decided to stay." – Townes Van Zandt
- "Blaze Foley was a genius and a beautiful loser." – Lucinda Williams
|Album name||Year released||Publisher||Notes|
|If I Could Only Fly/Let Me Ride in Your Big Cadillac||1979||Zephyr Records||7" 45-only release; 1000|
|Blaze Foley||1984||Vital Records||LP-only release; 7497-33|
|Girl Scout Cookies/Oval Room||1984||Vital Records||7" 45-only release; 7077|
|Live at the Austin Outhouse (...And Not There)||1989||Outhouse Records||cassette-only release|
|Live at the Austin Outhouse||1999||Lost Art Records|||
|Oval Room||2004||Lost Art Records||(Munic/Indigo)|
|Wanted More Dead Than Alive||2005||Waddell Hollow Records|
|Cold, Cold World||2006||Lost Art Records|||
|Sittin' by the Road||2010||Lost Art Records|||
|The Dawg Years||2010||Fat Possum Records|
|Duct Tape Messiah soundtrack||2011||Lost Art Records|
|Blaze Foley (reissue)||2012||Big Pink||(Big Pink re-issue of Vital Records LP)|
|Blaze Foley The Lost Muscle Shoals Recordings||2017||Lost Art Records||featuring the Muscle Shoals Horns, Foley's first recorded album from a 1984 session recorded at Broadway Sound Studio. This album was missing for many years due to the DEA drug bust of the executive producer.|
- Carmen und Kai Nees: Blaze Foley - Ein Aussenseiter, der zur Legende wurde - Self-published in 2018; ISBN 978-3-00-058564-7 - Book in German.
- Carmen und Kai Nees: Blaze Foley - From Misfit To Legend - Self-published in 2018; ISBN 978-3-00-060018-0.
- Jasinski, Laurie E. (2012). Handbook of Texas Music. Texas A&M University Press. p. 566.
- Cocoran, Michael. "Blaze Foley: Killing of a Songwriter". MichaelCorcoran.net. Retrieved August 31, 2018.
- Freeman, Doug (October 31, 2008). "Faded Love". Austin Chronicle. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
- Nichols, Lee (December 24, 1999). "A Walking Contradiction". Austin Chronicle. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
- "Watch Blaze Foley Season 1 Episode 8 Online". Cinemax. Retrieved December 17, 2020.
- Rosen, Sybil (2008). Living in the Woods in a Tree: Remembering Blaze Foley. University of North Texas Press. pp. 180, 190.
- Freeman, Doug (May 5, 2017). "Blaze Foley's Lost Muscle Shoals Recordings". Austin Chronicle. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
- Dansby, Andrew (May 24, 2009). "Film takes a peek into Blaze Foley's peculiar life". The Houston Chronicle. Retrieved August 31, 2018.
- Delgato, Berta, "Self-defense claimed in singer's death", Austin American Statesman, September 28, 1989, p. B1.
- Hardy, Robert Earl (2008). A Deeper Blue: The Life and Music of Townes Van Zandt. University of North Texas Press. pp. 208.
- Ehrlich, David (January 28, 2018). "'Blaze' Review: Ethan Hawke Directs a Gonzo Indie Country-Western Opera About an Unsung Legend — Sundance 2018". IndieWire. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
- Gleiberman, Owen (January 22, 2018). "Film Review: 'BLAZE'". Variety. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
- Buford, Bill (June 5, 2000). "Delta Nights - A singer's love affair with loss". The New Yorker. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
- "Blaze Foley: The Outlaw Legend You May Not Know About But Should". Wide Open Country. December 19, 2017. Retrieved June 6, 2018.