Marianus Scotus of Regensburg
Baptised Muiredach mac Robartaig, he became known as Marianus Scotus, a Latinizition of his first name with the appellation Scotus indicating his Irish background. He was born sometime before the middle of the eleventh century, and died at Ratisbon around 1088.
In 1067 he left Ireland, intending to make a pilgrimage to Rome. Like many of his countrymen, however, who visited the Continent, he decided to settle in Germany, at Bamberg, where he became a Benedictine monk. He went with some companions to Ratisbon (or Regensburg), where he founded the monastery of St. Peter (Kloster Sankt Peter Regensburg) and became its first abbot.
His work as a scribe
Marianus devoted himself to transcribing and glossing the text of the Scriptures. His success as a scribe, and the exceptional beauty of his calligraphy may be judged by a specimen of his work which has come down to us. This is Codex 1247 of the Imperial Library of Vienna containing the Epistles of St. Paul with glosses, some of which are in Latin and others in Irish. The latter were collected and published by Zeuss in his "Grammatica Celtica" (p. xxiv). The manuscript ends with the words "In honore individuae trinitatis Marianus Scotus scripsit hunc librum suis fratribus peregrinis…" (the date given is 16 May 1078).
Over the words "Marianus Scotus" is the gloss: "Muirdach trog macc robartaig", i.e. "Marianus miser filius Robartaci", or 'Marianus, son of Robart".
- Aaron Scotus (died 1052)
- David Scotus (died 1139), chronicler
- Joseph Scottus (died near 800), Irish deacon, scholar, diplomat, poet, and ecclesiastic
- Johannes Scotus Eriugena (circa 815–877), Irish theologian
- Marianus Scotus of Mainz (circa 1028–1082), Irish monk
- Sedulius Scottus (9th century), Irish teacher, grammarian and Scriptural commentator
- New Catholic Encyclopedia: Catholic University of America - 2003 Mab-Mor - Page 164- "Marianus Scotus of Regensburg, Bl., monastic founder, scribe; b. County Donegal, Ireland; d. Regensburg, Germany, April 24, 1088 (feast, Feb. 9). Marianus (in Irish Muirchertach Mac Robartaig) came from a learned family. .."
- William V. Bangert -To the Other Towns: The Life of the Blessed Peter Favre, 2002 "For Muiredach mac Robartaig — the Irish form of Saint Marianus' name — had in the eleventh century left his home beyond the seas, had settled at Regensburg, and had entered into the labor of those countless other Irish monks, ".
- Butler's Lives of the Saints Alban Butler, Paul Burns - 1998 - Volume 2 - Page 92 "Scotus of Regensburg to distinguish him from a contemporary, Marianus Scotus of Mainz, who died in 1082."
- "Marianus Scotus (The Abbot)". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Turner, William (1913). "Marianus Scotus". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. cites:
- Acta SS., Feb., II, 361 sqq.; Revue celtique, I (1870), 262 sqq.;
- Proceed., Royal Irish Acad., VII, 290 sqq.; Verhandl. hist. Ver. Oberpfalz-Regensburg (1879), XXVI.