Blohm & Voss P 194

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P 194
ModellPhoto BvP194.02.png
Model of a P 194.02
Role Tactical bomber
National origin Germany
Manufacturer Blohm & Voss
Designer Richard Vogt
Status Unrealised project

The Blohm & Voss P 194 was a German design for a mixed-power Stuka or ground-attack aircraft and tactical bomber, during World War II.

History[edit]

Along with the P 192, P 193, and P 196, the P 194 was one of four designs Blohm & Voss submitted in response to a requirement issued by the RLM in February 1944 for a stuka or ground-attack aircraft and tactical bomber to replace the venerable Junkers Ju 87.[1]

In the event, the RLM decided not to go ahead with a new aircraft but instead to adapt the existing Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighter to the tactical bomber role.[1]

Design[edit]

Like several other designs by Richard Vogt, the P 194 featured an asymmetric arrangement. The layout was broadly similar to that of the BV 141: the crew and weapons were carried in a large nacelle offset from the main fuselage structure that carried a propeller-driven engine in the nose and the empennage at the rear, joined together by a common wing. However, in the P 194, a turbojet was added low down at the rear of the crew nacelle and the thrust from this engine was intended to help balance the thrust from the propeller.

A powerful cluster of guns was to be located in the nose of the nacelle, clear of the propeller, and a bombload of up to 500 kg (1,100 lb) was to be carried in an internal bomb bay in the fuselage.[2] [3]

Using a high proportion of steel in its structure, the design of the P 194 was simplified by using significant number of parts from other projects, notably the BV 155 prototype and earlier BV 237 asymmetric stuka proposal.[4]

Variants[edit]

P 194.00-101
version with 16 m (52 ft) wingspan and jet intake under cockpit pod
P 194.01-02
version with 15.3 m (50.2 ft) wingspan, bubble canopy and jet intake under cockpit pod
P 194.02-01
as above, but with turbojet located beneath cockpit
P 194.03-01
as P 194.01-02, but with jet intakes located in the wing roots at the sides of the cockpit pod.

Specifications (P 194-01, as designed)[edit]

Data from [2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 12.1 m (39 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 15.3 m (50 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 3.7 m (12 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 36.4 m2 (392 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 6,500 kg (14,330 lb)
  • Gross weight: 9,350 kg (20,613 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × BMW 801D 14-cyl. air-cooled radial piston engine, 1,200 kW (1,600 hp)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Junkers Jumo 109-004 axial flow turbojet engine, 8.7 kN (2,000 lbf) thrust

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 775 km/h (482 mph; 418 kn)
  • Range: 1,070 km (665 mi; 578 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 11,100 m (36,400 ft)

Armament

  • Guns: 2 × fixed, forward-firing 30 mm (1.181 in) MK 103 cannon
  • 2 × fixed, forward-firing 20 mm (0.787 in) MG 151/20 cannon
  • Bombs: 500 kg (1,100 lb) of bombs in an internal bomb-bay

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Myhra 1998, 67
  2. ^ a b Nowarra, Heinz J. (1993). Die Deutsche Luftruestung 1933-1945 Vol.3 - Flugzeugtypen Henschel-Messerschmitt. Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe Verlag. ISBN 3-7637-5467-9.
  3. ^ Myhra 1998, 68
  4. ^ Cowin (1963).

References[edit]

  • Hugh Cowin, "Blohm und Voss Projects of World War II", Part I, Air Pictorial, October 1963, pp. 313-314.
  • Myhra, David (1998). Secret Aircraft Designs of the Third Reich. Atglen: Schiffer.
  • Nowarra, Heinz (1983). Die deutsche Luftrüstung 1933-1945. Bonn: Bernard and Graefe.

External links[edit]