Hamburger Flugzeugbau HFB 314
The Hamburger Flugzeugbau 314 was a postwar design project for a twin-turbojet medium-range transport.
It was cancelled when the German government decided to fund only international collaborations.
In 1958 HFB proposed to the German Government two new transports, the HFB 209 turboprop and the HFB 314 short-range jet transport. The 314 would be a direct competitor to the French Sud Aviation Caravelle, then already under development. Although the German government was initially willing to negotiate over financing the projects, in the end they decided that the German aircraft industry should not develop its own designs but should instead collaborate with other countries. Finance was never made available and HFB could not progress without it. With the competing Boeing 727 and de Havilland DH.121 Trident both also advancing steadily, HFB abandoned the project in 1960.
The HFB 314 was a conventional swept-wing monoplane intended as a 70-78 seat short-to-medium range jet airliner.
The upper fuselage accommodated the crew cockpit and passenger cabin, while the lower half correspondingly housed the nosewheel and cargo bays. The tail was of T type, with the tailplanes attached on either side of an anti-shock fairing on top of the fin. The fairing delayed the onset of shockwaves and accompanying drag increase at high cruising speeds.
The relatively sharply swept wing was mounted low on the fuselage, with the carry-through structure passing between the cargo holds. The inner wing sections were more sharply swept and tapered, and housed the main undercarriage mechanism which retracted inwards so that the wheels lay in the fuselage.
Two Rolls-Royce RB 141/11 turbojets were fitted in blisters protruding from either side of the rear fuselage, with alternatives offered including the General Electric CJ-805-23 or Pratt & Whitney JT3D-3.
Data from Flight (18 November 1960)
- Capacity: 70-78 seats
- Length: 36 m (119 ft)
- Wingspan: 28 m (93 ft)
- Height: 8.18 m (26 ft 10 in)
- Wing area: 114 m2 (1,230 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 20,865 kg (46,000 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 40,415 kg (89,100 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce RB.141/11 turbojet
- Maximum speed: 951 km/h; 514 kn (591 mph) Cruise at 36,000 feet (11,000 m)
- Range: 4,249 km; 2,294 nmi (2,640 mi) max. fuel condition.
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Flight, 18 November 1960, p. 805.
- Flight, 16 December 1960, p. 961.
- "Hamburger Flugzeugbau", Flight, 19 October 1961, pp.619-20
- "Pas de Caravelle Allemande", Les Ailes, No. 1,804, 16 Décember 1960.