Boiling Springs High School (Pennsylvania)

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Boiling Springs High School
Map of Cumberland County Pennsylvania School Districts.png
Address
4 Forge Road
Boiling Springs, Pennsylvania, Cumberland County 17007
United States
Information
Type Public
School board 9 elected members
Superintendent

Dr Alan Moyer, Salary $137,000 (Contract August 1, 2013 to July 31, 2017)[1]

retired 2013 - Dr. Patricia B. Sanker (salary $145,484 in 2012) [2]
Administrator

Richard Vensel, Business Manager (salary $120,492 2011-12)
Dr. Joseph Mancuso, Asst Superintendent salary $128,500 (2014)[3]

Dr. Sandra J. Tippett, former Assistant Superintendent (salary $135,718 in 2011-12)
Director Patrick Dieter, AD
Principal Joel Hain, HS $103,000 (2014)[4]
Faculty 58 teachers (2013);[5] 59 teachers (2011)[6]
Grades 9-12
Age 14 years old to 21 years old
Pupils

671 pupils (2013)[7]
671 pupils (2011-2012)
748 pupils (2009-10)[8]
769 pupils (2007-2008)

752 pupils (2005-2006)
 • Grade 9 176 pupils (2012), 196 (2010)
 • Grade 10 161 pupils (2012), 185
 • Grade 11 153 pupils (2012), 194
 • Grade 12 181 pupils (2012), 187 (2010)
Language English
Mascot Bubblers
Feeder schools Yellow Breeches Middle School
Per pupils spending $11,537 (2008)
Per pupils spending $20,007.56 2011 (24th in PA) [9]
Website

Boiling Springs High School (BSHS) is a small, rural, public high school in the historic town of Boiling Springs, PA. It is part of the South Middleton School District. Boiling Springs High School is the sole high school operated by the District. In 2013, enrollment was reported as 671 pupils in 9th through 12th grades, with 12% of pupils eligible for a free lunch due to family poverty. Additionally, 14.6% of pupils received special education services, while 6% of pupils were identified as gifted. The school employed 58 teachers.[5] Per the PA Department of Education, 100% of the teachers were rated "Highly Qualified" under the federal No Child Left Behind Act.[10]

According to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2010, the School reported an enrollment of 721 pupils in grades 9th through 12th, with 48 pupils eligible for a federal free or reduced price lunch. The school employed 59 teachers yielding a student teacher ratio of 12:1.[11]

Boiling Springs High School students in 10th, 11th, or 12th grades may choose to attend Cumberland-Perry Area Vocational Technical School for training in the construction and mechanical trades; landscaping fields, Computer systems; Cosmetology; Criminal Justice and Dental assisting fields. Students earned credits towards graduation, as well as industry certifications and college credits in some classes. The Capital Area Intermediate Unit IU15 provides the District with a wide variety of services like specialized education for disabled students and hearing, speech and visual disability services and professional development for staff and faculty.

The School's colors are purple and gold. Their name and mascot is based on a famous bubbling spring that is the source of a nearby lake.

Graduation Rate[edit]

In 2013, South Middleton School District's graduation rate was 90%.[12] In 2012, Boiling Spring High School's graduation rate was 93%. In 2011 the graduation rate was 96%.[13] In 2010, the Pennsylvania Department of Education issued a new, 4-year cohort graduation rate. Boiling Springs High School's rate was 83% for 2010.[14]

According to traditional graduation rate calculations

2013 School Performance Profile[edit]

Boiling Springs High School achieved 79 out of 100. Reflects on grade level reading, mathematics and science achievement. In reading/literature - just 71% were on grade level. In Algebra 1, only 67% showed on grade level skills at the end of the course. In Biology, only 49% showed on grade level science understanding at the end of the course.[20] According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2,181 public schools (less than 73 percent of Pennsylvania public schools), achieved an academic score of 70 or higher. Pennsylvania 11th grade students no longer take the PSSAs. Instead, beginning in 2012, they take the Keystone Exams at the end of the associated course.[21]

AYP status[edit]

In 2012, Boiling Springs High School achieved Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) status. In 2010 and 2011, Boiling Springs High School was in Warning AYP status due to missing several academic metrics.[22] In 2010, the School achieved Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) status.[23] Principal Joseph Mancuso expressed concern over the steadily declining math scores at the high school plus the school was far below the AYP level of 67% on grade level in math for 2011.[24]

Reading, Math, Science PSSA Results[edit]

Pennsylvania System of School Assessments, commonly called PSSAs are No Child Left Behind Act related examinations which were administered from 2003 through 2012, in all Pennsylvania public high schools. The exams were administered in the Spring of each school year. The goal was for 100% of students to be on grade level or better in reading and mathematics, by the Spring of 2014. The tests focused on the state's Academic Standards for reading, writing, mathematics and science. The Science exam included content in science, technology, ecology and the environmental studies. The mathematics exam included: algebra I, algebra II, geometry and trigonometry. The standards were first published in 1998 and are mandated by the Pennsylvania State Board of Education.[25]

In 2013, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania changed its high school assessments to the Keystone Exams in Algebra 1, Reading/literature and Biology1. The exams are given at the end of the course, rather than all in the spring of the student's 11th grade year.[26]

11th Grade Reading:
  • 2012 - 74% on grade level, (12% below basic). State - 67% of 11th graders are on grade level.[27]
  • 2011 - 65% (17% below basic). State - 69.1% of 11th graders are on grade level.[28]
  • 2010 - 66%, State - 67% [29]
  • 2009 - 68%, State - 65% [30]
  • 2008 - 68%, State - 65%
  • 2007 - 67%, State - 65%[31]
  • 2006 - 73%, State - 65%
  • 2005 - 76%, State - 65%[32]
11th Grade Math:
  • 2012 - 59% on grade level (26% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 59% of 11th graders are on grade level.[33]
  • 2011 - 51% (27% below basic). State - 60.3% [34]
  • 2010 - 54%, State - 59%[35]
  • 2009 - 54%, State - 56% [36]
  • 2008 - 55%, State - 56%
  • 2007 - 55%, State - 53%
  • 2006 - 51%, State - 52%
  • 2005 - 60%, State - 51%

11th Grade Science:

  • 2012 - 40% on grade level (18% below basic). State - 42% of 11th graders were on grade level.[37]
  • 2011 - 40% (11% below basic). State - 40% [38]
  • 2010 - 26%, State - 39%[39]
  • 2009 - 42%, State - 40% [40]
  • 2008 - 37%, State - 39% [41]

Science in Motion Boiling Springs High School did not take advantage of a state program called Science in Motion which brought college professors and sophisticated science equipment to the school to raise science awareness and to provide inquiry-based experiences for the students. The Science in Motion program was funded by a state appropriation and cost the school nothing to participate.[42] Gettysburg College provided the science enrichment experiences to schools in the region.

College remediation[edit]

According to a Pennsylvania Department of Education study released in January 2009, 29% of South Middleton School graduates required remediation in mathematics and or reading before they were prepared to take college level courses in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education or community colleges.[43] Less than 66% of Pennsylvania high school graduates, who enroll in a four-year college in Pennsylvania, will earn a bachelor's degree within six years. Among Pennsylvania high school graduates pursuing an associate degree, only one in three graduate in three years.[44] Per the Pennsylvania Department of Education, one in three recent high school graduates who attend Pennsylvania's public universities and community colleges takes at least one remedial course in math, reading or English.

Dual Enrollment - The high school does not offer the Pennsylvania Dual Enrollment program which permits students to earn deeply discounted college credits while still enrolled in high school. Over 400 school districts in Pennsylvania offer this state funded program.[45][46]

SAT scores[edit]

In 2013, South Middleton School District students took the SAT exams. The District's Verbal Average Score was 516. The Math average score was 512. The Writing average score was 516. The College Board reported that statewide scores were: 494 in reading, 504 in math and 482 in writing. The nationwide SAT results were the same as in 2012.[47]

In 2012, 130 South Middleton School District students took the SAT exams. The District's Verbal Average Score was 515. The Math average score was 504. The Writing average score was 506. The statewide Verbal SAT exams results were: Verbal 491, Math 501, Writing 480. In the USA, 1.65 million students took the exams achieving scores: Verbal 496, Math 514, Writing 488. According to the College Board the maximum score on each section was 800, and 360 students nationwide scored a perfect 2,400.

In 2011, 134 South Middleton School District students took the SAT exams. The District's Verbal Average Score was 512. The Math average score was 513. The Writing average score was 510.[48] Pennsylvania ranked 40th among states with SAT scores: Verbal - 493, Math - 501, Writing - 479.[49] In the United States, 1.65 million students took the exam in 2011. They averaged 497 (out of 800) verbal, 514 math and 489 in writing.[50]

Graduation requirements[edit]

The South Middleton School Board has determined that 30 total units are required for graduation including: 4.5 units of English, 3.5 units of Math, 4 units of Social Studies, 3 units of Science, 2 units of a Foreign Language, 2 units of Arts/Humanities. Microsoft Office, Physical Education, Health, Safety Education, and Personal Finance.[51]

By law, all Pennsylvania secondary school students must complete a project as a part of their eligibility to graduate from high school. The type of project, its rigor and its expectations are set by the individual school district.[52] Effective with the graduating class of 2017, the Pennsylvania State Board of Education eliminated the state mandate that students complete a culminating project in order to graduate.[53]

By Pennsylvania School Board regulations, beginning with the class of 2017, public school students must demonstrate successful completion of secondary level course work in Algebra I, Biology, and English Literature by passing the Keystone Exams.[54] The exam is given at the end of the respective course. Keystone Exams replace the PSSAs for 11th grade.[55]

Students have several opportunities to pass the exams. Schools are mandated to provide targeted assistance to help the student be successful. Those who do not pass after several attempts can perform a project in order to graduate.[56][57] For the class of 2019, a Composition exam will be added. For the class of 2020, passing a civics and government exam will be added to the graduation requirements.[58] In 2011, Pennsylvania high school students field tested the Algebra 1, Biology and English Lit exams. The statewide results were: Algebra 1 38% on grade level, Biology 35% on grade level and English Lit - 49% on grade level.[59] Individual student, school or district reports were not made public, although they were reported to district officials by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. Students identified as having special needs and qualifying for an Individual Educational Program (IEP) may graduate by meeting the requirements of their IEP.

AP Courses[edit]

In 2013, Boiling Springs High School offered 8 Advanced Placement (AP) courses at a higher cost than regular courses. The student pays the fee for the exam which was $89 per test per pupil in 2012. Students have the option of taking College Board approved courses and then taking the College Board's examination in the Spring. Students, who achieve a 3 or better on the exam, may be awarded college credits at US universities and colleges. Each higher education institution sets its own standards about what level of credits are awarded to a student based on their AP exam score. Most higher education give credits for scores of 4 or 5. Some schools also give credits for scores of 3. High schools give credits towards graduation to students who take the school's AP class. At Boiling Springs High School only 32% of students, who took an AP course, earned a 3 or better on the AP exam.[60]

Tuition[edit]

Students who live in South Middleton School District's attendance area may choose to attend one of Pennsylvania's 157 public charter schools. A student living in a neighboring public school district or a foreign exchange student may seek admission to South Middleton School District. For these cases, the Pennsylvania Department of Education sets an annual tuition rate for each school district. It is the amount the public school district pays to a charter school for each resident student that attends the charter and it is the amount a nonresident student's parents must pay to attend the South Middleton School District's schools. The 2012 tuition rate for Boiling Springs High School - $10,151.48.[61]

Classrooms for the Future grant[edit]

The Classroom for the Future state program provided districts with hundreds of thousands of extra state funding to buy laptop computers for each core curriculum high school class (English, Science, History, Math) and paid for teacher training to optimize the computers use. The program was funded from 2006-2009. South Middleton School District did not apply for funding in 2006-2007. In 2007-2008, South Middleton School District received $171,947 and another $69,450 in 2008-2009 for a total funding of $241,397.[62] Among the public school districts in Cumberland County the highest award was given to Big Spring School District which received $695,531. The highest funding statewide was awarded to Philadelphia City School District in Philadelphia County - $9,409,073. The grant program was discontinued by Governor Edward Rendell as part of his 2009-2010 state budget.

START[edit]

The Student Assistance Program is a statewide initiative designed to help school personnel identify students who may be experiencing serious school-related problems. Through a systematic process, students are identified, interviewed and, if appropriate, referred to an outside agency. The program is called the Student Assistance Core Team at Boiling Springs High School. It consists of school and agency personnel specially trained to work with at-risk students.[63]

Summer School[edit]

The summer school is provided to assist student who have failed core courses and who are in danger of not graduating on time. It offers high school and middle school students an opportunity to catch up with peers or to make up a failed course and get back on track to graduate. Attendance is optional.[64]

Wellness policy[edit]

South Middleton School Board established a district-wide Student Wellness policy in 2006 - Policy 246.[65] The policy deals with nutritious meals served at school, the control of access to some foods and beverages during school hours, age appropriate nutrition education for all students, and physical education for students K-12. The policy is in response to state mandates and federal legislation (P.L. 108 - 265). The law dictates that each school district participating in a program authorized by the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq) or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq) "shall establish a local school wellness policy by School Year 2006." The District is a participant in: Healthy School Zone, PANA, and the Carlisle Health and Wellness Foundation's Wellness @ Work initiative.

The legislation placed the responsibility of developing a wellness policy at the local level so the individual needs of each district can be addressed. According to the requirements for the Local Wellness Policy, school districts must set goals for nutrition education and physical education that are aligned with the Pennsylvania State Academic Standards for Health, Safety and Physical Education, campus food provision, and other school-based activities designed to promote student wellness. Additionally, districts were required to involve a broad group of individuals in policy development and to have a plan for measuring policy implementation. Districts were offered a choice of levels of implementation for limiting or prohibiting low nutrition foods on the school campus. In final implementation these regulations prohibit some foods and beverages on the school campus.[66] The Pennsylvania Department of Education required the district to submit a copy of the policy for approval.

The High School offers both a free school breakfast and a free or reduced-price lunch to children in low income families. All students attending the school can eat breakfast and lunch. Children from families with incomes at or below 130 percent of the federal poverty level are provided a breakfast and lunch at no cost to the family. Children from families with incomes between 130 and 185 percent of the federal poverty level can be charged no more than 30 cents per breakfast. A foster child whose care and placement is the responsibility of the State or who is placed by a court with a caretaker household is eligible for both a free breakfast and a free lunch. Runaway, homeless and Migrant Youth are also automatically eligible for free meals.[67] The meals are partially funded with federal dollars through the United States Department of Agriculture.[68]

In 2013, the USDA issued new restrictions to foods in public schools. The rules apply to foods and beverages sold on all public school district campuses during the day. They limit vending machine snacks to a maximum of 200 calories per item. Additionally, all snack foods sold at school must meet competitive nutrient standards, meaning they must have fruits, vegetables, dairy or protein in them or contain at least 10 percent of the daily value of fiber, calcium, potassium, and Vitamin D.[69] In order to comply with the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 all US public school districts are required to raise the price of their school lunches to $2.60 regardless of the actual cost of providing the lunch.[70] The Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 mandates that Districts raise their full pay lunch prices every year until the price of non-subsidized lunches equals the amount the federal government reimburses schools for free meals. That subsidy in 2013-2014 was $2.93.

In 2014, President Obama ordered a prohibition of advertisements for unhealthy foods on public school campuses during the school day.[71] The Food and Drug Administration requires that students take milk as their beverage at lunch. In accordance with this law, any student requesting water in place of milk with their lunch must present a written request, signed by a doctor, documenting the need for water instead of milk.[72][73]

Boiling Springs HIgh School provides health services as mandated by the Commonwealth and the federal government. A nurse is available in the building to conduct annual health screenings (data reported to the PDE and state Department of Health) and to dispense prescribed medications to students during the school day. Students can be excluded from school unless they comply with all the State Department of Health’s extensive immunization mandates. School nurses monitor each pupil for this compliance.[74][75] Nurses also monitor each child's weight.[76]

Extracurriculars[edit]

Boiling Springs High School offers a variety of activities, clubs and an extensive athletics program to students. Varsity and junior varsity athletic activities are under the Pennsylvania Interscholastic Athletic Association. Eligibility for participation is determined by the South Middleton School Board policies.[77] The District performs random drug testing on students who participate in extracurricular activities.[78] The District is compliant with state law, due to posting its Interscholastic Athletic Opportunities Disclosure Form on its website in the Athletics section.

By Pennsylvania law, all K-12 students in the district, including those who attend a private nonpublic school, cyber charter school, charter school and those homeschooled, are eligible to participate in the extracurricular programs including all athletics. They must meet the same eligibility rules as the students enrolled in the district's schools.[79]

According to Pennsylvania’s Safety in Youth Sports Act, all sports coaches, paid and volunteer, are required to annually complete the Concussion Management Certification Training and present the certification before coaching.[80][81]

BSHS's football team consistently makes it to the playoffs. Most notably in 2005, the Bubblers went 10-0 only to lose to Littlestown, PA in the first round of the PIAA playoffs in a classic game. They are also known for their wrestling team who had many finalists in the state tournament.

Class of 2004 alumni Johnathan "JD" Ditlow become the first ever reach his bowling career with an eleven strike in a row of November 2010 and he a 14th time bowling champion at Midway Bowling Alley (12th time bowler champion and 2 time bowler coach champion).

Sports[edit]

Boiling Springs High School competes in sporting events using the mascot and name "Bubblers."

Coaches receive compensation as outlined in the teachers' union contract. When athletic competition exceeds the regular season, additional compensation is paid.[82]

The District funds:

According to PIAA directory July 2014[83]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Erik Veronikis (June 27, 2013). "South Middleton School Board chooses Hanover schools leader Alan Moyer for superintendent post". Pennlive.com. 
  2. ^ Openpagov.org, Pennsylvania Public School Payroll - salaries 2011-12, 2012
  3. ^ Cate McKissick (January 2014). "South Middleton school district hires high school principal to be assistant superintendent". Pennlive.com. 
  4. ^ Cate McKissick (January 20, 2014). "South Middleton school board hires new high school principal". Pennlive.com. 
  5. ^ a b US News and World Report (2014). "Best High Schools,". 
  6. ^ National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data Middleton School District, 2012
  7. ^ PDE (2013). "South Middleton School District Fast Facts 2013". 
  8. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Enrollment by School District, January 2009
  9. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Finances Selected Data 2010-11 report, July 2012
  10. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Professional Qualifications of Teachers Boiling Springs High School, September 29, 2011
  11. ^ National Center for Education Statistics, Common Care Data - Boiling Springs High School, 2010
  12. ^ PDE, South Middleton School District Fast Facts 2013, October 4, 2013
  13. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "SOUTH MIDDLETON School District AYP Data Table 2012". 
  14. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (March 15, 2011). "New 4-year Cohort Graduation Rate Calculation Now Being Implemented". 
  15. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, South Middleton School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2010 data table, March 2011
  16. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, South Middleton School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2009, September 14, 2009
  17. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, South Middleton School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2008, August 15, 2008
  18. ^ Pennsylvania Partnerships for Children - High School Graduation Rates 2007
  19. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Boiling Springs High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2006
  20. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (October 4, 2013). "Boiling Springs High School Academic Performance Data 2013". 
  21. ^ Eleanor Chute and Mary Niederberger (December 11, 2013). "New assessment shows fuller picture of Pa. schools". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 
  22. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Boiling Springs High School Academic Report Card 2011, September 29, 2011
  23. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, BOILING SPRINGS High School AYP Overview 2011, September 29, 2011
  24. ^ Katie Kuba, (October 18, 2011). "Principal: Boiling Springs High School AYP scores 'very concerning'". Sentinel Reporter. 
  25. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2014). "State Academic Standards". 
  26. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2014). "State Assessment System". 
  27. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 29, 2012). "2011-2012 PSSA and AYP Results". 
  28. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 29, 2011). "2010-2011 PSSA and AYP Results". 
  29. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (March 2011). "Boiling Springs High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2010 Performance level". 
  30. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Boiling Springs High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2009, September 14, 2009
  31. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Boiling Springs School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2007, 2007
  32. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Boiling Springs High School Report Card 2006 & 2005
  33. ^ Pittsburgh Post Gazette (October 15, 2012). "How is your school doing?". 
  34. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Boiling Springs High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2011, September 29, 2011
  35. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "2010 PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results". 
  36. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2009 PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results, September 14, 2009
  37. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "Boiling Springs High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2012" (PDF). 
  38. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 29, 2011). "2010-2011 PSSA results in Science". 
  39. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 14, 2010). "Report on Science PSSA 2009 by Schools". 
  40. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Report on Science PSSA 2009 by Schools. August 2009.
  41. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Science PSSA 2008 report by school and grade
  42. ^ The Pennsylvania Basic Education/Higher Education Science and Technology Partnership, Science in Motion annual report, 2012
  43. ^ Pennsylvania College Remediation Report, Pennsylvania Department of Education, January 2009
  44. ^ National Center for Education Statistics
  45. ^ Dual Enrollment Guidlelines 2010-2011
  46. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Dual Enrollment Grants 2009-10
  47. ^ College Board (2013). "The 2013 SAT Report on College & Career Readiness". 
  48. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "Public School SAT Scores 2011". Archived from the original on 2011-10-15. 
  49. ^ College Board (September 2011). "SAT Scores State By State - Pennsylvania". Archived from the original on 2011-10-08. 
  50. ^ "While U.S. SAT scores dip across the board, N.J. test-takers hold steady". NJ.com. September 2011. 
  51. ^ Boiling Springs High School Administration. "BOILING SPRINGS HIGH SCHOOL PROFILE 2010-2011" (PDF). 
  52. ^ Pennsylvania Code §4.24 (a) High school graduation requirements
  53. ^ Pennsylvania State Board of Education, Proposed changes to Chapter 4, May 10, 2012
  54. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "Keystone Exam Overview" (PDF). 
  55. ^ Megan Harris (September 12, 2013). "Pennsylvania changing high school graduation requirements". Tribune Live. 
  56. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 2011). "Pennsylvania Keystone Exams Overview". Archived from the original on 2012-03-17. 
  57. ^ Pennsylvania State Board of Education (2010). "Rules and Regulation Title 22 PA School Code CH. 4". 
  58. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, State Board of Education Finalizes Adoption of Pennsylvania Common Core State Academic Standards and High School Graduation Requirements, March 14, 2013
  59. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "Keystone Exams". 
  60. ^ PDE, School Performance Profile - Academic Performance Data - Boiling Springs High School, December 2013
  61. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (May 2012). "Pennsylvania Public School District Tuition Rates". 
  62. ^ Pennsylvania Auditor General (December 22, 2008). "Classrooms For the Future grants audit" (PDF). 
  63. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education 2007
  64. ^ South MIddleton School District BSHS Review newsletter 2010
  65. ^ South Middleton School Board, (June 2006). "Student Wellness Policy,". 
  66. ^ Nutrition Standards for Competitive Foods in Pennsylvania Schools for the School Nutrition Incentive, Pennsylvania Department of Education — Division of Food and Nutrition. July 2008
  67. ^ USDA, Child Nutrition Programs - Eligibility Manual for School Meals, 2012
  68. ^ Pennsylvania Hunger Action Center, The Pennsylvania School Breakfast Report Card, 2009
  69. ^ USDA, Child Nutrition Programs, June 27, 2013
  70. ^ United States Department of Agriculture (2011). "Food and Nutrition Service Equity in School Lunch Pricing Fact Sheet" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-09-22. 
  71. ^ Denver Nicks (February 25, 2014). "White House Sets New Limits on Junk Food Ads in Schools". Time Magazine. 
  72. ^ USDA Food and Nutrition Service (2014). "School Meals FAQ". 
  73. ^ Monica Eng (November 26, 2012). "Lactose intolerance: When drinking school milk makes students feel sick". Chicago Tribune. 
  74. ^ Pennsylvania State Department of Health (2010). "Pennsylvania Bulletin Doc. No. 10-984 School Immunizations; Communicable and Noncommunicable Diseases". 
  75. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Health (2014). "School Immunization Requirements". 
  76. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Health (2014). "MANDATED SCHOOL HEALTH SCREENINGS". 
  77. ^ South Middleton School District Board, Policy 122 Extracurriculars and Policy 123 Interscholastic Athletics,
  78. ^ Most central Pennsylvania school districts that administer random drug tests will keep programs, Barbara Miller, The Patriot News, October 22, 2011
  79. ^ Home-Schooled, Charter School Children Can Participate in School District Extracurricular Activities, Pennsylvania Office of the Governor Press Release, November 10, 2005
  80. ^ PA General Assembly, (July 1, 2012). "Senate Bill 200 of Session 2011 Safety in Youth Sports Act". 
  81. ^ UMPC Sports Medicine (2014). "Managing Concussions in Student Athletes: The Safety in Youth Sports Act". 
  82. ^ South Middleton School Board, South Middleton School District Teacher Union Contract, 2014
  83. ^ Pennsylvania Interscholastic Athletics Association (2014). "PIAA School Directory". 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°09′10″N 77°08′12″W / 40.152772°N 77.136694°W / 40.152772; -77.136694