|Parent company||Giunti Editore|
|Country of origin||Italy|
|Headquarters location||Milan, Italy|
Bompiani is an Italian publishing house based in Milan, Italy. It was founded in 1929 by Valentino Bompiani. In 1990, Bompiani became part of the RCS MediaGroup. In October 2015, RCS MediaGroup, including Bompiani, was acquired by Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, Italy's largest publisher. Mondadori is owned by Fininvest, a holding company controlled by Silvio Berlusconi. The acquisition was controversial. In March 2016, Italian anti-trust authorities ruled that Mondadori must sell Bompiani in order to comply with market-share limits. Nine companies, including Amazon and HarperCollins, expressed interest in purchasing Bompiani. In September 2016, Bompiani was sold to Giunti Editore for €16.5 million.
Bompiani experienced attempts at book censorship by Italy's fascist government from the 1920s through the 1940s. In 1940, Valentino Bompiani was summoned to Rome to meet with Alessandro Pavolini, the Minister of Popular Culture. At this meeting, Pavolini told Bompiani that he must limit the number of translations that he was publishing. At the time of the meeting, Bompiani was preparing to publish an anthology of American writers. Despite being told not to do so, Bompiani moved forward with the anthology. Pavolini learned of this and wrote to Bompiani that "The United States is a potential enemy of ours...This is no time to perform acts of courtesy toward America, not even literary ones." Bompiani proceeded with publication nonetheless, soliciting a new introduction from Emilio Cecchi that sought to discourage any "excessive enthusiasm" toward America. Pavolini was placated by Cecchi's introduction and the anthology was ultimately published.
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