Bothrops moojeni

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Bothrops moojeni
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Genus: Bothrops
Species: B. moojeni
Binomial name
Bothrops moojeni
Hoge, 1966[1]

Bothrops moojeni, commonly known in English as the Brazilian lancehead, is a species of venomous snake in the family Viperidae.[2] It is a pit viper endemic to South America.[1]


The specific name, moojeni, is in honor of Brazilian zoologist João Moojen de Oliveira (1904-1985).[3]

Geographic range[edit]

It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay.

The type locality is Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil.[4]


This species inhabits Araucaria moist forests and the Cerrado.[5]

Common names[edit]

In South America its common names include caiçaca, caissaca, caiçara, jacuruçu, and jararação.


  1. ^ a b "Bothrops ". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 
  2. ^ McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré TA. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  3. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Bothrops moojeni, p. 182).
  4. ^ "Bothrops moojeni ". The Reptile Database.
  5. ^ Borges RC, Araujo AFB. 1998. "Seleção de habitat em duas espécies de jararaca (Bothrops moojeni Hoge e B. neuwiedi Wagler) (Serpentes: Viperidae)". Revista Brasileira de Biologia 58 (4): 591-601.

Further reading[edit]

  • Hoge AR. 1966. "Preliminary account on Neotropical Crotalinae (Serpentes: Viperidae)". Memórias do Instituto Butantan 32 [1965]: 109-184. (Bothrops moojeni, new species).