Boucle du Mouhoun Region

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Boucle du Mouhoun
Region
Trucks loaded with cotton in Dédougou
Trucks loaded with cotton in Dédougou
Location in Burkina Faso
Location in Burkina Faso
Coordinates: 12°30′N 3°30′W / 12.500°N 3.500°W / 12.500; -3.500Coordinates: 12°30′N 3°30′W / 12.500°N 3.500°W / 12.500; -3.500
Country  Burkina Faso
Capital Dédougou
Area
 • Total 34,333 km2 (13,256 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 1,434,847
Time zone GMT 0 (UTC+0)

Boucle du Mouhoun is one of Burkina Faso's 13 administrative regions. It was created on 2 July 2001 and had a population of 1,434,847 in 2006. It is the 2nd most populous region in Burkina Faso after Centre Region, and contains 10.5% of all Burkinabé.[1] The region's capital is Dédougou. Six provinces make up the Boucle du Mouhoun region – Balé, Banwa, Kossi, Mouhoun, Nayala, and Sourou.

As of 2010, the population of the region was 1,586,748 with 50.63 per cent females. The population in the region was 10.09 per cent of the total population of the country. The coverage of cereal need compared to the total production of the region was 187.00 per cent. As of 2007, the literacy rate in the region was 23.2 per cent, compared to a national average of 28.3 per cent.

Geography[edit]

Most of Burkino Faso is a wide plateau formed by riverine systems and is called falaise de Banfora. There are three major rivers, the Red Volta, Black Volta and White Volta, which cuts through different valleys. The climate is generally hot, with unreliable rains across different seasons. Gold and quartz are common minerals found across the country, while manganese deposits are also common.[2] The dry season is usually from October to May and rains are common during the wet season from June to September. The soil texture is porous and hence the yield is also poor.[3] The average elevation is around 200 m (660 ft) to 300 m (980 ft) above mean sea level. Among West African countries, Burkino Faso has the largest elephant population and the country is replete with game reserves.[4] The southern regions are more tropical in nature and have Savannah and forests. The principal river is the Black Volta, that originates in the southern region and drains into Ghana. The areas near the rivers usually have flies like tsete and similium, which are carriers of sleep sickness and river blindness.[2] The average rainfall in the region is around 100 cm (39 in) compared to northern regions that receive only 25 cm (9.8 in) rainfall.[4]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2010, the population of the region was 1,586,748 with 50.63 per cent females. The population in the region was 10.09 per cent of the total population of the country. The child mortality rate was 72, infant mortality rate was 69 and the mortality of children under five was 135.[5] As of 2007, among the working population, there were 60.40 per cent employees, 17.40 per cent under employed, 20.80 per cent inactive people, 22.00 per cent not working and 1.20 unemployed people in the region.[6] The main languages spoken in Boucle du Mouhoun as of 2006 were Moore, Bwamu, and Samo (or San).[7] French is the official language throughout the country.[5]

Economy[edit]

As of 2007, there were 693.9 km (431.2 mi) of highways, 649.3 km (403.5 mi) of regional roads and 741.5 km (460.7 mi) of county roads. The first set of car traffic was 26, first set of two-wheeler traffic was 5,308 and the total classified road network was 2,085.[8] The total corn produced during 2015 was 198,920 tonnes, cotton was 267,536 tonnes, cowpea was 67,212 tonnes, ground nut was 36,612 tonnes, millet was 254,707 tonnes, rice was 51,142 tonnes and sorghum was 262,942 tonnes. The coverage of cereal need compared to the total production of the region was 187.00 per cent.[9] As of 2007, the literacy rate in the region was 23.2 per cent, compared to a national average of 28.3 per cent. The gross primary enrollment was 69 per cent, pos-primary was 21.2 per cent and gross secondary school enrollment was 6. There were 356 boys and 155 girls enrolled in the primary and post-secondary level. There were 16 teachers in primary & post-secondary level, while there were 692 teachers in post-primary and post-secondary level.[10]

Local Administration[edit]

Province Capital 2006[1]
Balé Province Boromo 213,897
Banwa Province Solenzo 267,934
Kossi Province Nouna 272,223
Mouhoun Province Dédougou 298,008
Nayala Province Toma 162,869
Sourou Province Tougan 219,826

Burkina Faso got independence from French Colonial Empire during 1960. It was originally called Upper Volta. There have been military coups till 1983 when Captain Thomas Sankara took control and implemented radical left wing policies. He was outsed by Blaise Compaore, who continued for 27 years till 2014, when a popular uprising ended his rule.[11] As per Law No.40/98/AN in 1998, Burkina Faso adhered to decentralization to provide administrative and financial autonomy to local communities. There are 13 administrative regions, each governed by a Governor. The regions are subdivided into 45 provinces, which are further subdivided into 351 communes. The communes may be urban or rural and are interchangeable. There are other administrative entities like department and village. An urban commune has typically 10,000 people under it. If any commune is not able to get 75 per cent of its planned budget in revenues for 3 years, the autonomy is taken off. The communes are administered by elected Mayors. The communes are stipulated to develop economic, social and cultural values of its citizens. A commune has financial autonomy and can interact with other communes, government agencies or international entities.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National 2006 census preliminary results" (PDF). 2006. Retrieved 24 November 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Haggett, Peter, ed. (2002). Encyclopedia of World Geography, Volume 17. Marshall Cavendish. ISBN 9780761473060. 
  3. ^ Dobson, James C.; Sander, John M.; Woodfield, Judith (2001). Living Geography: Homework and Assessment, Book 3. Nelson Thornes. p. 29. ISBN 9780174343257. 
  4. ^ a b Burkina Faso Mining Laws and Regulations Handbook. Int'l Business Publications. 2008. p. 19. ISBN 9781433077074. 
  5. ^ a b "Demographics of Burkina Faso". National Institute of Statistics and Demographics, Burkina Faso. 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "Employment statistics of Burkina Faso". National Institute of Statistics and Demographics, Burkina Faso. 2007. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  7. ^ BOUGMA M., 2014. Dynamique des différentes langues en présence au Burkina Faso : les changements démo-linguistiques opérés au sein de la population burkinabè, 2014, Actes du XVIIe colloque international de l’AIDELF sur Démographie et politiques sociales, Ouagadougou, novembre 2012, 15 p.
  8. ^ "Transport in Burkina Faso". National Institute of Statistics and Demographics, Burkina Faso. 2008. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  9. ^ "Agricultural statistics of Burkina Faso". National Institute of Statistics and Demographics, Burkina Faso. 2015. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  10. ^ "Education statistics of Burkina Faso". National Institute of Statistics and Demographics, Burkina Faso. 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  11. ^ "Burkina Faso country profile". BBC. 5 August 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  12. ^ Republic of Burkina Faso, Public Administration and Country profile (PDF) (Report). Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), United Nations. 2004. p. 9. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 

External links[edit]