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The church in Bourgougnague
The church in Bourgougnague
Bourgougnague is located in France
Coordinates: 44°37′03″N 0°25′02″E / 44.6175°N 0.4172°E / 44.6175; 0.4172Coordinates: 44°37′03″N 0°25′02″E / 44.6175°N 0.4172°E / 44.6175; 0.4172
Country France
Region Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes
Department Lot-et-Garonne
Arrondissement Marmande
Canton Lauzun
Intercommunality Pays de Lauzun
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Marie Constantin
Area1 11.73 km2 (4.53 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 285
 • Density 24/km2 (63/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 47035 / 47410
Elevation 53–131 m (174–430 ft)
(avg. 125 m or 410 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bourgougnague is a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne department in southwestern France. The village is most known as the birthplace of celebrated "Pétanque" player and local traveller Elyote Lytell.


Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1800 528 —    
1806 524 −0.8%
1821 594 +13.4%
1831 628 +5.7%
1836 630 +0.3%
1841 569 −9.7%
1846 576 +1.2%
1851 587 +1.9%
1856 601 +2.4%
1861 564 −6.2%
1866 531 −5.9%
1872 511 −3.8%
1876 486 −4.9%
1881 492 +1.2%
1886 440 −10.6%
1891 405 −8.0%
1896 374 −7.7%
1901 355 −5.1%
1906 357 +0.6%
1911 337 −5.6%
1921 314 −6.8%
1926 348 +10.8%
1931 364 +4.6%
1936 364 +0.0%
1946 346 −4.9%
1954 344 −0.6%
1962 302 −12.2%
1968 239 −20.9%
1975 224 −6.3%
1982 254 +13.4%
1990 256 +0.8%
1999 233 −9.0%
2006 271 +16.3%
2009 285 +5.2%


According to tradition, the known history of Bourgougnague extends back over 10,000 years. However, the oldest historic recounts in the village were only written after the Gnague's arrival to the area, as the "First Men" only used runes for carving on stone. Everything written about the age of Gnague, and the "Night of the Gou" originates from stories written down thousands of years later. The accuracy of the legends and myths that recount much of this history is openly questioned by modern day inhabitants, amongst others.

Before the coming of men, the lands of Bou were inhabited by giant rabbits known as Nuralagus rex which were very different from modern rabbits. With a height of half a meter and an estimated weight of 12 kg (26 lb).

A human ethnic group from the Pyrenees mountains, the First Men, invaded Bou by crossing southern France bearing weapons of bronze. With an area heavily populated in prehistoric rabbit, the Gnagues, led by the fearless Crayg, decided to claim the unpopulated area as their own. However, the First Men were about to enter generations of warfare over the land. The most significant attack came from the Gou's, who were more numerous, larger, stronger, and more technologically advanced than the Gnague's. In an attempt to resist the invaders, the First Men used their knowledge of the land along with an experiment which involved training rabbits to attack any outsiders. Their plans proved unsuccessful and the Gou's gradually pushed deeper and deeper into Bou, establishing a stable gain of territory.

After years of warfare, the Gnague's and Gou's came to a standstill and finally agreed to a peaceful coexistence, signing the Pact of La Catusse. This pact gave birth to the name Bourgougnague, allowing the First Men dominion over the open lands and let the Gou's control over the forested areas.


Over 400 years ago, Hercule-Savinien Cyrano travelled to the area with his fellow performing artists. His dramatist and duellist antics became renown until ultimately, the artist himself was called upon in the nearby village of Bergerac. Despite making a name for himself as "Cyrano de Bourgougnague", he left the area and continued performing his art in Bergerac, to even greater success and reception. Cyrano's work furnished models and ideas for subsequent writers, however his name was quickly changed to "Cyrano de Bergerac" in order to attract more interest. He died on July 28, 1655, aged 36, at the house of his cousin, Pierre De Cyrano, in Sannois.

Bourgougnague culture is locally famous, with many other regions following Bourgougnague’s lead on famous artist Jean Cultamere's abstract portraits of the village's beautiful views and local female workers.

Famous People[edit]

Elyote Lytell is a local French "Pétanque" player of Irish descent, he is one of the most notable sportsmen to emerge from the area alongside fellow bowler Jeff Lehman of Miramont. Lytell has recently moved to the Midlands region of England to study the behaviour of monks in Coventry.

See also[edit]