Bridge over the Lot River
|• Mayor (2001–2008)||Jérôme Cahuzac|
|• Land1||81.32 km2 (31.40 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||280/km2 (730/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||47323 / 47300|
|Elevation||42–209 m (138–686 ft)
(avg. 55 m or 180 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Villeneuve-sur-Lot (French pronunciation: [vilnœvsyrˈlɔt]; in the Gascon dialect of Occitan language: Vilanuèva d'Olt) is a town and commune in the Lot-et-Garonne department in south-western France. The commune was formerly named Villeneuve-d'Agen.
Pop. (1906) town, 6978; commune, 13,540.
The chief quarter of the town stands on the right bank of the Lot River and is united to the quarter on the left bank by a bridge of the 13th century, the principal arch of which, constructed in the reign of Louis XIII in place of two older arches, has a span of 118 ft. and a height of 59 ft. On the left bank portions of the 13th century ramparts, altered and surmounted by machicolations in the 1sth[clarification needed] century, remain, and high square towers rise above the gates to the north-east and southwest, known respectively as the Porte de Paris and Porte de Pujols.
On the right bank boulevards have for the most part taken the place of the ramparts. Arcades of the 13th century surround the Place La Fayette, and old houses of the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries are to be seen in various parts of the town. The church of St Etienne is in late Gothic style. On the left bank of the Lot, 2 m. S.S.W. of Villeneuve, are the 13th-century walls of Pujols.
The buildings of the ancient abbey of Eysses, about a mile to the N.E., which are mainly of the 17th century, serve as a departmental prison and penitentiary settlement. The principal hospital, the hospice St Cyr, is a handsome building standing in beautiful gardens.
According to the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1911):
- Villeneuve-sur-Lot is an important agricultural centre and has a very large trade in plums (prunes d'ente) and in the produce of the market gardens which surround it, as well as in cattle, horses and wine. The preparation of preserved plums and the tinning of peas and beans occupy many hands; there are also manufactures of boots and shoes and tin boxes. The important mill of Gajac stands on the bank of the Lot a little above the town.
Villeneuve-sur-Lot was the birthplace of:
- Benoît Broutchoux - anarchist
- Georges Leygues (1857–1933), politician of the Third Republic
- Nicolas Cazalé, actor
- Caroline von Paulus, more popularly known as Bambou
- Ávila, Castile and León, Spain
- Bouaké, Côte d'Ivoire
- Neustadt bei Coburg, Germany
- San Donà di Piave, Veneto, Italy
- Troon, Scotland
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press