Brancepeth Castle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Brancepeth Castle
Brancepeth
Brancepeth Castle.jpg
Brancepeth Castle from the east, showing the two 19th-century gate towers (right) and older chapel and curtain walls (centre and left)
Brancepeth Castle is located in County Durham
Brancepeth Castle
Brancepeth Castle
Coordinates54°44′00″N 1°39′00″W / 54.73333°N 1.65000°W / 54.73333; -1.65000
Site information
OwnerDobson family
Open to
the public
No, except for special events
ConditionStanding
Site history
MaterialsSandstone

Brancepeth Castle is a castle in the village of Brancepeth in County Durham, England, some 5 miles south-west of the city of Durham (grid reference NZ223377). It is a Grade I listed building.[1]

History[edit]

A succession of buildings has been on the site. The first was a Norman castle built by the Bulmers, which was rebuilt by the Nevilles in the late 14th century.[1] For many years the castle was owned by the Neville family until in 1569 it was confiscated by the Crown following the family's involvement in the Rising of the North.[2]

Brancepeth Castle in 1782, before its 19th-century expansion
West side of the castle. The 19th-century addition to an older section of the castle can be seen below the left turret. In the foreground is Japanese knotweed.

There have been a number of other owners since that time.[2] In the early 17th century, the estate was granted by the Crown to Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset, from whom it subsequently confiscated the castle back due to his involvement in a poisoning scandal.[3] In 1636, three men who had bought the castle from the King's Commissioners in 1633 sold it to Ralph Cole of Newcastle.[3] His grandson, Sir Ralph Cole MP, sold the property on 9 April 1701[4] to Sir Henry Belaysyse,[3][5] whose daughter was involved with Bobby Shafto and who was said to have inspired the famous song.[3] In 1796 the castle was acquired by William Russell (1734-1818) of Newbottle near Sunderland, a wealthy banker and mine owner[6] and father of Matthew Russell (1765–1822), MP for Saltash in 1818, who in the 1820s spent lavishly on the Castle's reconstruction.[7] The present building is largely his work, to the designs of the architect John Patterson and improved in the mid-19th century by architect Anthony Salvin[1] for William Russell, (High Sheriff of Durham in 1841). During the First World War the castle was used as a hospital by convalescents from Newcastle General Hospital.[3] In 1939 it became the regimental headquarters for the Durham Light Infantry, who erected a military camp of over 100 huts to the south of the village during the Second World War.[3] The Durham Light Infantry left the Castle in 1962.[8]

The castle is now privately owned by the Dobson family. Margaret Dobson, wife of publisher Dennis Dobson, bought the castle in 1978 to store the company's stock of books when the lease on its Notting Hill premises expired.[9] Her husband died that year before the move north, but the family moved nevertheless and Margaret Dobson did much to restore the fabric and interior of the building, including the lead roof, which had been stripped by an earlier tenant. She refurbished many of the main function rooms for use as a venue for auctions and twice-yearly craft fairs, Shakespearean plays were staged in the main courtyard, and rooms were rented to post-graduate students at Durham University and other tenants.[9] Margaret Dobson died aged 86 on 19 October 2014, leaving four sons, three daughters and 11 grandchildren.[9][10]

A stash of original French political posters from 1968 was subsequently found in the cellar of the castle by the Dobsons' son Oliver and featured in the BBC programme Inside Out North East & Cumbria in February 2019.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Margot Johnson. "The Castle" in "Brancepeth" in Durham: Historic and University City and surrounding area. Sixth Edition. Turnstone Ventures, 1992, pp. 34 and 35. ISBN 094610509X.

Further reading[edit]

  • Fry, Plantagenet Somerset, The David & Charles Book of Castles, David & Charles, 1980. ISBN 0-7153-7976-3

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 54°44.0′N 1°39.0′W / 54.7333°N 1.6500°W / 54.7333; -1.6500