Breathe on Me, Breath of God

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Breathe on Me, Breath of God
Hymn
Edwin Hatch.jpg
The poet
Written 1878 (1878)
Text by Edwin Hatch
Based on John 20:21-22
Meter 6.8.6.6
Melody
Published 1886 (1886)

"Breathe on Me, Breath of God" is an English Christian hymn. It was written by Edwin Hatch, a Church of England vicar and the Professor of Classics at the University of Trinity College in Canada. It was first published privately in 1878 and publicly published in 1886.

History[edit]

Edwin Hatch spent his childhood in a non-conformist background before being ordained into the Church of England. In 1876 he wrote "Breathe on Me, Breath of God" and published it privately in a pamphlet entitled "Between Doubt and Prayer".[1] giving it the Latin title of "Spiritus Dei" (Spirit of God).[2] The hymn was later published into the public sphere in 1886 in Henry Allon's "The Congregational Psalmist Hymnal".[3] It was republished posthumously by Hatch's widow in 1890 in "Towards Fields of Light: Sacred Poems".[2]

The handbook to the Psalter Hymnal, where "Breath on Me, Breath of God" was later published, referred to the oft quoted statement about Hatch's faith being "as simple and unaffected as a child" being an appropriate description of the hymn.[3][4] it was also described by the United Methodist Church as: "The simplicity of this profound hymn belies the education and knowledge of its author".[2] Hatch knew that though he had written the hymn using simple words, they had profound meaning with references to creation of man by God in Genesis and in the spiritual breath of God which came to humanity via Jesus at Pentecost.[4]

Music[edit]

"Breathe on Me, Breath of God" has been set to a number of tunes. The most commonly used ones are John Chetham and S.S. Wesley's 1718 "Aylesbury" and blind London organist Charles Lockhart's "Carlisle".[5] Other tunes include "Veni Spiritus" by Sir John Stainer[6] and "Trentham" by American Robert Jackson.[5] The use of "Trentham" was criticised by hymnologist Donald Webster in 1980 who stated "One might conclude from [this tune] and the way it is sung that the breath of God was an anaesthetic, not a 'Giver of Life'."[5][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Osbeck, Kenneth W. (2002). Amazing Grace: 366 Inspiring Hymn Stories for Daily Devotions. Kregel Publications. p. 151. ISBN 0825493528. 
  2. ^ a b c Discipleship Ministries. "History of Hymns: "Breathe on Me, Breath of God"". UMC Discipleship. Retrieved 2017-06-04. 
  3. ^ a b "Breathe on me, Breath of God". Hymnary.org. Retrieved 2017-06-04. 
  4. ^ a b Petersen, William (2015). The Complete Book of Hymns. Tyndale House Publishers. p. 416. ISBN 1414331401. 
  5. ^ a b c Bradley, Ian (2006). Daily Telegraph Book of Hymns. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 70. ISBN 0826482821. 
  6. ^ "Veni Spiritus". Hymnary.org. Retrieved 2017-06-04. 
  7. ^ "Cathedral Newsletter April 2014" (PDF). Diocese of Sodor and Man. 2014. Retrieved 2017-06-04.