|Breguet 413 of the Spanish Republican Air Force|
The Breguet 410 was a French bomber of the early 1930s. Not many of these twin-engined sesquiwing biplanes were built. At least one Breguet 413, one of its variants, was sold to the Spanish Republican Air Force during the Spanish Civil War.
Development and design
The Breguet 410 was a sesquiplane prototype designed by Breguet Aviation in order to meet the requirements of the Technical Aeronautic Service ( Service Technique de L'Aéronautique ) of the French government towards the end of the 1920s for a bomber and reconnaissance plane type designated as Multiplace de Combat. It had a steel frame covered with duralumin; its armament was two front and two rear 7.7 mm Lewis machine guns and it could carry a bomb load up to 1300 kg.
Only one unit of the first variant, the Breguet 410, was built which was passed in favour of the competing Amiot 143 despite its combat qualities. Other prototypes, such as the Blériot 137 and the SPCA 30, underwent a similar fate as the Breguet 410. Most its later developments or variants never went past the prototype stage.
The sole Breguet 410 flew in 1931 powered by two Hispano-Suiza 12Nb enginess. Developments followed though, with an upgraded and slightly modified version, the Breguet 411, which flew in 1932. Like its predecessor this Breguet aircraft was again rejected by the French government.
The Breguet 413 was an improved version, fitted with more powerful Hispano-Suiza 12Ybrs engines. Four units were constructed for the Armée de l'Air, the first one of which flew in February 1933. At least one of these became part of the Escadrille Internationale and was sent to the Spanish Republican Air Force at the beginning of the Civil War in that country, but its fate is unknown.
The improved Bre 420 first flew on 13 August 1936, but failed to improve performance and handling enough to warrant production.
- Bre 410 M4
- Light bomber with two HS12Nb engines (1931)
- Bre 411 M5
- Light bomber with two HS12Nb engines, (1932 - 1 built).
- Bre 413
- Bre 413 M4
- Light bomber with two HS12Ybrs engines
- Bre 414
- Light bomber with two GR14Kirs radial engines (1933).
- Bre 420
- An improved 414 with modified rear fuselage and tail section.
Data from 
- Crew: 4
- Length: 11.30 m (37 ft 1 in)
- Wingspan: 20.20 m (66 ft 3 in)
- Height: 5.09 m (16 ft 8 in)
- Wing area: 67.15 m2 (722.8 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 3,500 kg (7,716 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 7,200 kg (15,873 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Hispano-Suiza 12Y 36-litre water-cooled V12 engine, 480 kW (650 hp) 650 cv each
- Maximum speed: 310 km/h (193 mph; 167 kn)
- Cruising speed: 285 km/h (177 mph; 154 kn)
- Range: 1,300 km (808 mi; 702 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 10,000 m (32,808 ft)
- Rate of climb: 0.0740 m/s (14.56 ft/min)
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Related lists
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