Brewer's Castle

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Brewer's Castle
Brewer's Castle is located in Somerset
Brewer's Castle
Location of Brewer's Castle in Somerset
LocationDulverton, Somerset, England
Coordinates51°03′23″N 3°35′42″W / 51.0563°N 3.5949°W / 51.0563; -3.5949Coordinates: 51°03′23″N 3°35′42″W / 51.0563°N 3.5949°W / 51.0563; -3.5949
Area15 acres (6.1 ha)
BuiltIron Age
Official name: Brewer's Castle

Brewer's Castle is a defended Iron Age settlement in the West Somerset district of Somerset, England.[1] The hill fort is situated approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) west from the town of Dulverton.

The settlement survives as an earthwork situated on Hawkridge Ridge Wood. It is also very close to Mounsey Castle.

Background[edit]

Hill forts developed in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age, roughly the start of the first millennium BC.[2] The reason for their emergence in Britain, and their purpose, has been a subject of debate. It has been argued that they could have been military sites constructed in response to invasion from continental Europe, sites built by invaders, or a military reaction to social tensions caused by an increasing population and consequent pressure on agriculture. The dominant view since the 1960s has been that the increasing use of iron led to social changes in Britain. Deposits of iron ore were located in different places to the tin and copper ore necessary to make bronze, and as a result trading patterns shifted and the old elites lost their economic and social status. Power passed into the hands of a new group of people.[3] Archaeologist Barry Cunliffe believes that population increase still played a role and has stated "[the forts] provided defensive possibilities for the community at those times when the stress [of an increasing population] burst out into open warfare. But I wouldn't see them as having been built because there was a state of war. They would be functional as defensive strongholds when there were tensions and undoubtedly some of them were attacked and destroyed, but this was not the only, or even the most significant, factor in their construction".[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archaeological Aerial Survey in the Northern Mendip Hills: A Highlight Report for the National Mapping Programme". Pastscape. Archived from the original on 3 October 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
  2. ^ Payne, Andrew; Corney, Mark; Cunliffe, Barry (2007), The Wessex Hillforts Project: Extensive Survey of Hillfort Interiors in Central Southern England, English Heritage, p. 1, ISBN 978-1-873592-85-4
  3. ^ Sharples, Niall M (1991), English Heritage Book of Maiden Castle, London: B. T. Batsford, pp. 71–72, ISBN 0-7134-6083-0
  4. ^ Time Team: Swords, skulls and strongholds, Channel 4, 2008-05-19, retrieved 16 September 2009