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It also stands for similar phrases such as “bring your own beer”, or, when relevant, “bring your own beverage".
BYOB is mostly placed on an invitation to indicate that the host will not be providing alcohol and that guests are welcome to bring their own. Some restaurants and business establishments (especially in areas where liquor licenses are difficult to obtain) allow patrons to bring their own bottle, sometimes subject to fees or membership conditions, or because the establishment itself does not have license to sell alcohol.
Today, BYOB may mean "bring your own bottle," "bring your own booze" or "bring your own beer". BYOB is a later variant of the earlier expression, BYOL meaning "bring your own liquor." The earliest known examples of BYOL appeared in two panels of a cartoon by Frank M. Spangler in the Montgomery Advertiser (Montgomery, Alabama), December 26, 1915, page 5. The joke was that a man received an invitation with the mysterious letters "BYOL" in place of RSVP. He looked up the initials in a "social directory" and learned that it stood for "Bring Your Own Licker."
Several other early examples of the expression appeared in newspapers in Alabama or stories relating to Alabama, suggesting that it may have originated there, perhaps coined by Spangler himself. At the time, Alabama had recently enacted a new statewide prohibition law prohibiting the sale, but not the consumption, of alcohol, making it necessary to bring one's alcohol.
The variant, BYOS, for "bring your own sugar," was used in England and the United States amid wartime rationing during World War I, and again in World War II.
Shortly after passage of the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibited the sale of alcohol nationwide, a joke about BYOL replacing RSVP on formal invitations began circulating in newspapers across the country. The joke appeared as early as June 1919 in the Des Moines (Iowa) Daily News, and was in wide circulation by the end of the year.
BYOB appeared occasionally during the 1920s, and when defined was usually rendered as "bring your own booze," although "beer," "bottle" and "beverage" were all suggested on at least one occasion. BYOL was the dominant form of the expression until the 1950s. But when BYOB became more popular in the 1950s, it was regularly defined as "bring your own bottle," frequently in circumstances involving restaurants without liquor licenses. "Bring your own beverage" was in common use by the 1970s and was in wide circulation by the end of the year.
Some establishments that sell alcoholic beverages for on-site consumption, such as bars or restaurants, may also allow patrons to bring their own alcohol purchased from elsewhere. That alcohol is usually subject to an opening fee. Often the rule is limited to bottles of wine, where the fee is known as corkage or a corking fee. Such policies are greatly regulated by local liquor control laws and licensing restrictions.
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As an alternative to the traditional full-service liquor license, some jurisdictions offer a similar license known as a bottle club license. It allows the business establishment to serve alcohol on the premises, but only if patrons brought the alcohol from elsewhere. The license generally prohibits the business from selling its own stock of alcoholic beverages. The license may require that patrons be members of the establishment. Such licenses may be preferred in situations where fees or zoning conditions imposed by a full-service liquor license are unwanted or impractical. They may also be the only license available, as some jurisdictions impose full-service liquor license quotas or business class restrictions.
In Australia and New Zealand, the term "BYO" (Bring Your Own) emerged to describe business establishments that offered corkage. It is believed that restaurants in Melbourne, in the state of Victoria, were advertising as "BYO" establishments by the 1960s with the concept becoming popular in New Zealand in the late 1970s.
Legally, using New Zealand as an example, if your premises only holds an on-licence-endorsed (BYOB license), you as an owner and duty manager with a General Manager's Certificate are forbidden to have a wine list and sell alcohol on the premises. You must have both On-License & On-License-Endorsed to have a wine list and allow BYOB, thus calling your restaurant 'fully licensed'.
- "BYOB - Definitions from Dictionary.com". Retrieved 2006-12-11.
- Jensen Brown, Peter. "Liquor, Sugar and Booze - a Bring-Your-Own History of BYOB". Early Sports n Pop Culture History Blog. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- Popik, Barry. "BYOB (Bring Your Own Bottle, Bring Your Own Beer); BYOL (Bring Your Own Liquor)". The Big Apple Online Etymological Dictionary. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- "The Buffalo Enquirer". April 11, 1924.
- J. Robinson (ed) "The Oxford Companion to Wine" Third Edition pg 117 & 200 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0-19-860990-6
- Madeleine Howell (24 May 2018). "The rise of bring-your-own-booze (in surprisingly high-end restaurants)". Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- "Bring Your Own Bottle (BYOB)". Archived from the original on 11 September 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
- "Sale of Liquor Act 1989 No 63 (as at 18 December 2013), Public Act 28 Special provisions relating to BYO restaurants – New Zealand Legislation". Retrieved 20 December 2016.
|Look up BYOB in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|