|Type 166 Buckmaster|
|Role||Advanced trainer aircraft|
|Manufacturer||Bristol Aeroplane Company|
|First flight||27 October 1944|
|Primary user||Royal Air Force|
|Developed from||Bristol Buckingham|
Design and development
By 1945, there was a serious gap in performance between the so-called advanced trainers in use – such as the Avro Anson, Airspeed Oxford, dual-control Bristol Blenheim and Lockheed Hudson – and the combat aircraft which the pilots would be expected to fly on graduation.
The Bristol response to Air Ministry Specification T.13/43 was to make further use of the Buckingham wing, with another new fuselage, in an aircraft developed as the Type 166. The trainee and instructor were seated side by side with a wireless operator seated behind.
The Buckmaster was a propeller-driven, twin-engine mid-wing aircraft. The retractable undercarriage was of conventional (tailwheel) configuration. The radial engines were equipped with four-blade propellers.
A total of 65 Buckingham bombers were unfinished on the production line and ended up being rebuilt as the Buckmaster, to add the production series. All were intended to serve as a trainer for the similar Brigand. It was considered the "highest performance trainer in the RAF" when introduced. Blind flying instruction and instrument training could be undertaken, the normal crew complement being pilot, instructor and air signaller. The last Training Command Buckmasters served with the No. 238 OCU at Colerne into the mid-fifties; the transfer of one or two to Filton for experimental work marked its retirement in the mid-1950s.
Data from Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II
- Crew: three (student pilot, instructor pilot, radio operator)
- Length: 46 ft 5 in (14.2 m)
- Wingspan: 71 ft 10 in (21.9 m)
- Height: 17 ft 6 in (5.3 m)
- Wing area: 708 ft² (65.8 m²)
- Empty weight: 24,042 lb (10,900 kg)
- Loaded weight: 33,700 lb (15,280 kg)
- Powerplant: 2 × Bristol Centaurus VII 18-cylinder radial engines, 2,585 hp (1,880 kW) each
- Maximum speed: 352 mph (306 kn, 566 km/h) at 12,000 ft (3,700 m)
- Cruise speed: 325 mph (282 kn, 530 km/h) at 18,000 ft (5,500 m)
- Range: 2,000 mi (1,700 nmi, 3,200 km)
- Service ceiling: 30,000 ft (9,000 m)
- Rate of climb: 2,245 ft/min (11.3 m/s)
- Wing loading: 47.6 lb/ft² (232 kg/m²)
- Power/mass: 0.153 hp/lb (252 W/kg)
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Related lists
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bristol Buckmaster.|
- Mondey 1994, p. 70.
- Winchester 2005, p. 94.
- Winchester 2005, p. 95.
- Bridgeman 1946, p. 113.
- Bridgeman, Leonard. "The Bristol 166 Buckmaster." Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II. London: Studio, 1946. ISBN 1-85170-493-0.
- Mondey, David. The Hamlyn Concise Guide to British AIrcraft of World War II. London: Aerospace Publishing Ltd., 1982 (reprint 1994). ISBN 1-85152-668-4.
- Winchester, Jim. The World's Worst Aircraft: From Pioneering Failures to Multimillion Dollar Disasters. London: Amber Books Ltd., 2005. ISBN 1-904687-34-2.