Broad-billed hummingbird

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Broad-billed hummingbird
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Genus: Cynanthus
C. latirostris
Binomial name
Cynanthus latirostris
Swainson, 1827
Extent of occurrence

The broad-billed hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris) is a medium-sized hummingbird of North America. It is 9–10 cm long, and weighs approximately three to four grams.


The breeding habitat is in arid scrub of the Sonoran DesertChihuahuan Desert ecotone and the Madrean Sky Islands in southeastern Arizona and extreme southwestern New Mexico of the Southwestern United States and northern Sonora of Northwestern Mexico.

Outside its breeding range, it will occasionally stray, from southernmost California to Texas, Georgia, and Louisiana.

Doubleday's hummingbird is sometimes considered a distinct species by some taxonomic authorities, however the American Ornithological Society still considers it conspecific with this species.


Adults are colored predominantly a metallic green on their upperparts and breast. The undertail coverts are predominantly white. The tail is darkly colored and slightly forked.

The bill of the male is straight and very slender. It is red in coloration, and shows a black tip. His throat is a deep blue. The female is less colorful than the male. She usually shows a white eye stripe.

The female builds a nest in a protected location in a shrub or tree. Females lay two white eggs. This hummingbird is partially migratory, retreating from northernmost areas during the winter to Central Mexico.

These birds feed on nectar from flowers and flowering trees using a long extendable tongue, or catch insects on the wing.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Cynanthus latirostris". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T22725767A94902093. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22725767A94902093.en. Retrieved 13 January 2018.

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