|Brown-banded puffbird at Alta Floresta, Mato Grosso state, Brazil|
Range, north-central Amazonas, Brazil
The brown-banded puffbird can be found in an area some 1,700 km (1,100 mi) long and 400 km (250 mi) wide, which includes the north and centre of Amazonas state, Brazil—a northwestern region of the Amazon Basin—and the upper reaches of the Orinoco River in south-central Venezuela, where it flows north into the Caribbean. A separate, much smaller region of the bird's range is 1,500 km (930 mi) further south, where the borders of Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil meet.
Other localized, small populations occur on the Amazon River (downstream of the Tapajós-Amazon confluence), and on four of its tributaries: the central Tapajós River, lower Madeira River, lower Rio Negro, and lower Ucayali River.
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