Brownie Samukai

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Brownie Samukai
Minister of National Defence
Assumed office
16 January 2006
Preceded by Daniel Chea
Personal details
Nationality Liberian Liberia
Alma mater University of Liberia

Brownie Samukai is the Minister of National Defence of Liberia. He took office on January 16, 2006, as part of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf's Cabinet.

In the 1980s he worked within the Liberian Ministry of National Defense.[1] In 1986-87 he was working within the G-4 Branch of the AFL.[2]

In 1991, according to biographical details issued at a 2007 U.S. Institute of Peace briefing, he was appointed as Deputy Minister of Defence for Operations.[3] The biographical details said that he 'was responsible for reestablishing civilian control over the Liberian army and established an urban response team to counter urban terrorism.' He served in this position until 1994.

In 1993-94, he served as commander of the 'Black Berets,' a paramilitary police force in the Monrovia enclave of Amos Sawyer's Interim Government of National Unity (IGNU). The International Crisis Group also notes that the Black Berets also fought alongside ECOMOG at times, notably during Charles Taylor's 1992 assault on Monrovia ('Operation Octopus'). 'They and the AFL were accused of killing some 600 civilians in the June 1993 Camp Carter massacre, which, testimony at the Liberian Truth and Reconciliation Commission has indicated, was perpetuated by Taylor's NPFL fighters, who may have orchestrated it to put blame on the Armed Forces of Liberia.'[4]

He served as Director of the Liberian National Police from 1994–95 and Deputy Minister of State for Administration from 1995 to 1997.[3]

In 1998 he served on the AFL Restructuring Commission, where he was listed as a retired Colonel of the AFL in private business.

From 1999 to c.2004/05 he served as a security officer with the United Nations, initially with UNTAET in East Timor, and then from 2000 with UNHCR and the UN Department of Safety and Security in Tanzania. Responsible for refugee resettlement in Tanzania.


  1. ^, accessed May 2009
  2. ^, accessed June 2009
  3. ^ a b United States Institute of Peace, A Discussion with Liberia's Defense Minister Brownie J. Samukai, Jr., May 11, 2007
  4. ^ International Crisis Group, Ļiberia: Uneven Progress in Security Sector Reform, Africa Report No. 148, 13 January 2009, footnote at page 4

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