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Revised RomanizationBudoji

Budoji is a book on East-Asian, Korean culture written by Bak Geum (박금) in 1953, after recollecting the contents of the original Budoji, one of 15 books in a collection called JingShimRok , leading down from the period of Silla dynasty. Bak Geum states he left the JingShimRok in the North on his escape to South Korea during the North-South Korean war, rewriting the current Budoji from memory after his escape.

The Budoji is claimed to have been the first of the 15 books of the JingShimRok with its focus on ancient history. The original JingShimRok is told to have been written by Bak Jae Sang (박제상) during the Silla dynasty and passed down the Bak family, finally to Bak Geum before its loss during his escape to South Korea.

Outline of Budoji[edit]

The Era of Mago[edit]

The first era of Korean history is called Mago(마고,麻故). Budoji states that there were four Heavenly people, who were Hwanggung(황궁, 黃穹), Baekso(백소,白巢), Cheonggung(청궁,靑穹) and Heukso(흑소,黑巢). The mother of Hwanggung and Cheonggung was Gungheui(궁희, 穹姬), and the mother of Baekso and Heukso was Soheui(소희,巢姬). The mother of Gungheui and Soheui was Mago. It is said that Mago, Soheui and Gungheui, bore children without a father.

The Era of Budo[edit]

This chapter describes the historical story about the four Heavenly people of Hwanggung, Baekso, Cheonggung and Heukso. The first son of Hwanggung, Yuin (유인,有因), received Cheonbusamin (천부삼인, 天符三印), and then he bequeathed the Cheonbusamin to Hwanin.

The Era of Hwanung[edit]

The son of Hwanin, Hwanung, received the Cheonbusamin from his father, and established the Budō. Budoji describes the achievement of Hwanung during the era in this chapter.

The Era of Gojoseon[edit]

It is described that Imgeom or Dangun is the son of Hwanung. Imgeom also received Cheonbusamin from his father, and then established the state called Gojoseon.

From Samhan to Three kingdoms of Korea[edit]

This chapter describes Samhan after the destruction of Gojoseon. Mahan was located in the north, Byeonhan was located in the south and Jinhan was located in the east. Then, Baekje succeeded Byeonhan and Goguryeo succeeded Mahan and Silla succeeded Jinhan.


  • Jesang Bak, Budoji, translated and commentated by Eunsu Kim (Seoul: Hanmunhwa 2002, c.1986).
  • Helen Hye-Sook Hwang, "The Female Principle in the Magoist Cosmogony" in Ochre Journal of Women's Spirituality (Spring 2007), [1]
  • Helen Hye-Sook Hwang, Seeking Mago, the Great Goddess: A Mytho-Historic-Thealogical Reconstruction of Magoism, an Archaically Originated Gynocentric Tradition of East Asia, Ph.D. disseratation (Claremont Graduate University, Claremont: CA (2005).
  • Helen Hye-Sook Hwang, "An Investigation of Gynocentric Unity in Mago, the East Asian Great Goddess, and Elsewhere (paper presented at the Conference of Pacific and Southwest Women’s Studies on April 17, 2004, Scripps College: Claremont CA), [2]
  • JungPyeong Noh. GoChoson-ui Jonggyo Hyeokmyeong 고조선의 종교혁명 [The Religious Revolution of Old Choson] (Seoul: Daehan, 2003).
  • Thomas Yoon. The Budozhi: The Genesis of MaGo (Mother Earth) and the History of the City of Heaven’s Ordinance (Notre Dame, IN: Cross Cultural Publications, Inc., 2003).