Bulgarian parliamentary election, 2005

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Bulgarian parliamentary election, 2005
2001 ←
June 25, 2005 → 2009

240 seats to the National Assembly
Turnout 55.8%
  First party Second party Third party
  Sergei stanishev.jpg Simeon Vtori Popovo crop.jpg
Leader Sergei Stanishev Simeon Sakskoburggotski Ahmed Dogan
Last election 48 seats 120 seats 21 seats
Seats won 82 53 34
Seat change +34 −67 +13
Popular vote 1,129,196 725,314 467,400
Percentage 31.0% 19.9% 12.8%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Volen Siderov Flickr.jpg
Leader Volen Siderov Nadezhda Mihaylova Ivan Kostov
Last election N/A; formed in 2005 37 seats N/A; formed in 2004
Seats won 21 20 17
Seat change N/A -31 N/A
Popular vote 296,848 280,323 234,788
Percentage 8.1% 7.7% 6.4%

  Seventh party
Leader Anastasia Mozer
Party BNS
Last election N/A; formed in 2005
Seats won 13
Seat change N/A
Popular vote 189,268
Percentage 5.2%

PM before election

Simeon Sakskoburggotski

Elected PM

Sergei Stanishev

Parliamentary elections were held in Bulgaria on June 25, 2005, for the 240 members of the National Assembly. According to exit polls, the Socialists had a lead with around 31%, but without a majority, necessitating the creation of a coalition. The National Movement for Simeon II, in power before the election, was in second place, with around 21%. Following the election, Socialist Party leader Sergei Stanishev became Prime Minister.

At least 6,000 candidates (from 22 parties) ran for election to the 240 member parliament. The turnout of 56% was the lowest on record. 4% of the votes are needed to gain a seat.

The opposition led the election, but did not gain an outright majority. Sergei Stanishev, leader of the socialist party, stated he would attempt to form a governing coalition. "We won the confidence of the people ... We are ready to form a government ... and we will negotiate with any democratic party," Stanishev said in a press conference.

In the last five free elections held since 1989, no government has been re-elected—each has had to implement stringent economic and social reforms, since the fall of communism, and has lost popular support as a result.

For a political analysis of the 2005 parliamentary elections see Europe and the Parliamentary Elections in Bulgaria, 25 June 2005 published by the European Parties Elections and Referendums Network.


e • d Summary of the 2005 National Assembly of Bulgaria election results:
Party Votes % Seats +/−
Coalition for Bulgaria 1,129,196 31.0 82 +34
National Movement Simeon II 725,314 19.9 53 −67
Movement for Rights and Freedoms 467,400 12.8 34 +13
National Union Attack 296,848 8.1 21 +21
United Democratic Forces 280,323 7.7 20 −31
Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria 234,788 6.4 17 +17
People's Union 189,268 5.2 13 +13
Others 324,050 8.8 0 -
Total valid votes 3,648,177 100.0 240 -
Invalid votes 99,616
Votes cast (turnout: 55.8%) 3,747,793
Registered voters in the main list 6,720,941
Source: Electoral Commission of Bulgaria and Adam Carr's Electoral Archive
Distribution of votes by constituency


See main article: Stanishev Government

As no one party received a majority in the Assembly the Socialists were faced with the task of putting together a coalition government. The Socialists faced many difficulties when trying to establish a coalition as all of the other political party's that had crossed the 4% threshold to ensure representation in the parliament were to the right of the Socialists meaning compromise would be needed to ensure a workable coalition agreement. The Socialists tried to form a coalition of the three largest parties: themselves, the NDSV, and the DPS. However, while they gained the support of the DPS, they failed to gain the support of the NDSV. While the Socialist's tried to enter into a two party minority government with DPS as there coalition partner, this was rejected by parliament when despite voting for Sergei Stanishev to be prime minister in a close 120-119 vote the parliament voted against his proposed cabinet. As per the constitution the mandate to try a form a government was passed to the next largest political party, NDSV. However on August 11, NDSV announced that they had decided to reject the offer due to the "complicated political situation," this then lead to the third largest party, DPS to receive the mandate to try and form a coalition government, finally after talks with the leaders of the two largest parties Ahmed Dogan, leader of the DPS was able to form a coalition agreement between the Socialists, NDSV and his own DPS. Sergei Stanishev leader of the socialist's was elected prime minister and the coalition held 169 seats in the 240 seat parliament.[1][2]


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