Bulldog gravy

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Bulldog gravy was a Great Depression-era foodstuff associated with American coal miners. It was a mixture of water, flour and grease, and eaten with beans or over a "water sandwich" (bread soaked in lard and water). It is mentioned in the lyrics of the Appalachian lament Man of Constant Sorrow (or Girl of Constant Sorrow, depending on the performer.) It is also mentioned in the lyrics of Sarah Ogan's "Come All You Coal Miners," covered with the title shortened to "Coalminers" by the alt-country group Uncle Tupelo, on their album, "March 16-20, 1992." These dishes preexisted the Great Depression and were common foods among the poor at least before World War I and likely earlier. In the Midwest Bulldog Gravy was known as Monkey Gravy but there it was often made without any fat. Lard Sandwiches were common (a slice of bread spread with lard). Open face if with beans or a closed sandwich for a school child's lunch. Soaking the bread in water and lard was unknown. Dessert would be an open face lard sandwich sprinkled with a spoonful of sugar.

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