Buque de Acción Marítima

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Rayo P42.jpg
Rayo (P-42)
Class overview
Builders: NAVANTIA
Operators:  Spanish Navy
Cost: €166.74m (US$224m)[1]
Planned: 9
Building: 1 (launched)
Completed: 5
Active: 5
General characteristics
Type: Offshore patrol vessel
Displacement: 2,860 t (full load)
Length: 93.9 m (308 ft)
Beam: 14.2 m (47 ft)
Draft: 4.2 m (14 ft)
Propulsion:
  • 2 diesel engines
  • 4 groups diesel generators
  • 2 electric motors propellers
  • 1 Emergency generator
  • Located 2 cross bow thruster
Speed: 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)+
Range: 3,500 nmi (4,000 mi; 6,500 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Complement: 46 crew and 30 forces[citation needed]
Armament:
  • 1 cannon 76 mm/62 gun
  • 2 x 25 mm automatic mountings
  • 2 × 12.7 mm machine guns
Aircraft carried: 1 × Agusta-Bell 212

The BAM (Buque de Acción Marítima) ships are new modular offshore patrol vessels of the Spanish Navy adapted to different purposes from a common base, manufactured by Navantia. The BAMs combine high performance with mission versatility, a high commonality with other ships operated by the Spanish Navy. Acquisition and lifecycle costs are reduced.

Description[edit]

The BAMs are a common platform for a variety of missions, used to develop whole families of types of ships that meet the diverse needs of the Navy.

Its main missions are:

  • Protection and escort of other ships in low intensity/asymmetric warfare situations
  • Control of maritime traffic
  • Control and neutralization of terrorism and piracy
  • Operations against drug trafficking and human trafficking
  • Search and rescue
  • Support for crisis situations and humanitarian aid
  • Control of fishing laws
  • Control of environmental legislation and anti-pollution.

Modular design enables the ships to be modified for purposes outside main missions such as hydrographic research, intelligence gathering, diving support and salvage operations.

Building[edit]

The BAM project consists of 12 vessels.[2]

First phase[edit]

The first phase contemplated the construction of 6 patrol boats. This phase is currently in the final straight, with the fifth vessel waiting to be commissioned and the sixth one its final construction phase.

Second phase[edit]

Like the first phase, this second is composed of 6 units. 4 of them are patrol boats and the 2 remaining are specialized BAMs, one oceanographic and the other underwater rescue.

Characteristics of the Oceanographic BAM

  • Flight cover for medium helicopter (Lynx) without hangar.
  • Transportation personnel: 20 Scientists.
  • Scientific Premises: Biological, Humid with Cava, Electronic, Geological, Meteorological, Photographic laboratories.
  • Drawing Room, Data Center, Local Electronic Equipment, Electronics Workshop, Diving Room with Hyperbaric Chamber, Probe Local and Transducer Site.
  • Local Gravimetry, Spare Cloths, Oceanography Warehouse, Water Clothing Store.
  • Probe nacelle, transverse propellers in bow and stern.
  • Davits and Chigres: Popa Porch for Oceanography and Sónar Towed, Lateral Davit for Rosettes, Lateral Davit for Plankton Extraction.
  • Possibility of stowing scientific containers in Toldilla Deck.
  • Side Scanning Sónar VDS (Medium / High Frequency) and Sónar / Parametric Probe.

Characteristics of the Characteristics of the Underwater Rescue BAM

  • Rescue and support to the rescue of submarines. The new rescue vessel will be known as the BAM-IS (Intervención Subacuática/Underwater Intervention).
  • Support for diving operations.
  • Intervention and rescue in accidents and shipwrecks.
  • Surveillance and monitoring of the heritage (of growing interest in litigation with the Odyssey by the frigate "Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes" between 2007 and 2012).
  • SAR operations.
  • Transport of personnel and material.
  • Fight against pollution.

History[edit]

BAM Meteoro (P-41)

Construction began on 4 October 2007 with the cutting of the first sheet and was placed on the stands the first on 13 March 2009, in the shipyard San Fernando. The budget was €352m but the final cost was €488.4m for four units (~US$160m each).[3]

In June 2009, the Secretary of State for Defence and Congress confirmed the construction of a second batch to replace older patrol boats of the Anaga (3), Toralla (2), Descubierta (4) and the now-retired Barceló (6) and Conejera (4) classes. In September 2010, the Ministry of Defence said a contract would be signed with Navantia for four additional vessels to be delivered by 2015, but the contract has yet to be signed. Navantia has indicated that the Batch 2 vessels will be more modular, with the potential to switch between oceanography, intelligence gathering and search-and-rescue. One will be a diving support vessel, and one will be a research vessel for hydrography and logistical support in the Antarctic. The acquisition of two vessels, to enter service in 2019, was formally approved by the Spanish cabinet on 18 July 2014 at a cost of €166.74m (US$224m) each.[1]

Ships[edit]

Pennant Number Ship name Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned Homeport Status
P-41 Meteoro Navantia, San Fernando 4 October 2007 16 October 2009 28 July 2012 Las Palmas Naval Base[4] Active
P-42 Rayo Navantia, San Fernando 3 September 2009 18 May 2010 26 October 2011 Las Palmas Naval Base[5] Active
P-43 Relámpago Navantia, San Fernando 17 December 2009 6 October 2010 6 February 2012 Las Palmas Naval Base[6] Active
P-44 Tornado Navantia, San Fernando 5 May 2010 21 March 2011 19 July 2012 Las Palmas Naval Base[7] Active
P-45 Audaz Navantia, San Fernando 29 April 2016[8] 30 March 2017 27 July 2018 Cartagena Naval Base[9] Active
P-46 Furor Navantia, Ferrol 29 April 2016[8] 8 September 2017 14 september 2018 Active

References[edit]

This article contains content from the Spanish Wikipedia.

  1. ^ a b Ing, David (22 July 2014). "Two new Spanish BAM OPVs to be in service by 2019, says Navantia". IHS Jane's Navy International.
  2. ^ ""Seaplace" diseña ya el próximo buque rescatador de submarinos de la Armada Española". Por Tierra, Mar y Aire (in Spanish). 2017-11-23. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  3. ^ Ministerio de Defensa (September 2011). "Evaluación de los Programas Especiales de Armamento (PEAs)" (PDF) (in Spanish). Madrid: Grupo Atenea. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
  4. ^ Spanish Navy. "Meteoro (P-41) - Spanish Navy".
  5. ^ Spanish Navy. "Rayo (P-42) - Spanish Navy".
  6. ^ Spanish Navy. "Relámpago (P-43) - Spanish Navy".
  7. ^ Spanish Navy. "Tornado (P-44) - Spanish Navy".
  8. ^ a b "Economía/Empresas.- Navantia pone las quillas de dos buques para la Armada española" (in Spanish). BolsaManía. 29 April 2016.
  9. ^ Navantia entrega el BAM Audaz a la DGAM

External links[edit]