Burmarsh

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Burmarsh
All Saints, Burmarsh, Kent.jpg
All Saints church
Burmarsh is located in Kent
Burmarsh
Burmarsh
Burmarsh shown within Kent
Population 330 [1]
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Romney Marsh
Postcode district TN29
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°02′56″N 0°59′46″E / 51.049°N 0.996°E / 51.049; 0.996Coordinates: 51°02′56″N 0°59′46″E / 51.049°N 0.996°E / 51.049; 0.996

Burmarsh is a village[2] and civil parish in the Shepway District of Kent, England. The village is located three miles (4.8 km) west of Hythe on the Romney Marsh. The Burmarsh Road connects the village to the once fully operating Burmarsh Road train station. The closest major settlement is Folkestone which is a minimum of 9.5 mile car journey.

In the 1870s Burmarsh was described by John Marius Wilson as:

"...a parish in Romney-Marsh district, Kent; on the coast, adjacent to the Military canal... Acres, 1,796. Real property, £4,612. Pop., 170. Houses, 32."[3]

Burmarsh Kent as seen in 1945

History[edit]

The meaning of Burmarsh comes from Old English. Bur comes from "Burh-Ware" which equates to "Town Dwellers, and "Mersc" which means "Marsh". Therefore, if we collaborate these, Burmarsh means "Marsh of Town Dwellers".[4] When Burmarsh was discovered by the Romans around the year 275AD, they extracted salt from the area for use by the empire.[5]

Burmarsh appears in the Domesday Book as both Borchemeres and Burwarmaresc. It was one of the very first known settlements on the Romney Marsh. During the reign of King Æthelwulf, around the year 848AD, the King’s grandson, for the sum of four thousand pence, gave the manor of Burmarsh to his friend Wynemund, who gave it to the monastery of St. Augustine. After which it remained part of the possessions of the monastery, eventually being entered in the record of the Domesday book, under the general title of the land of the church of St. Augustine in Littlestone.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Occupation of Population of Burmarsh, Kent as reported by the 1881 Census
Burmarsh - Population Change over time

According to the 2011 Census there were 170 males and 160 females living in the parish.[7] The 330 usual populace were spread out across an area of 1,724 hectares. This means the population density recorded was 0.2 hectares per person.[8] Of the 330 people who permanently live in Burmarsh 246 of them are between 16-74. Of this figure 77 people had no qualifications which is equivalent to 28.5%.[9] When compared to the national rate of 22.5%[10] we can see that Burmarsh is a little higher. There are still 167 usual residents employed.[11] This could suggest that the small, isolated nature of the parish may have something to do with a number of people working in jobs which require no qualifications. The graph of population change shows an overall rise in population size. From the 1890s up until around the year 1950 there is some oscillation in population size that could be due to World War 1 and World War 2. After 1950 it seems like there is a sharp rise in population, there could be a link to the establishment of the National Health Service (NHS) in the year 1948.[12]

Church[edit]

Cracked Tenor bell found in the All Saints Church in Burmarsh

The Burmarsh Parish Church is dedicated to the All Saints. The chapel was originally built in Saxon times but was extended into a church by monks of Canterbury during the Norman era, post the year 1066 (11th century). The church was expanded again in the 13th century. The west tower was built in the 15th century and the porch was then added in the 17th century. The interior was renovated in the late 19th century with the removal of the box pews, pulpit and the sound board.[13] The two of the three original bells at the church dating back to mediaeval times (the year 1375) and are still used to this day. The other bell is cracked and can now be seen on the floor of the church.[14]

Train Station[edit]

The Burmarsh Road railway station was opened on the 16th of July 1927, when it was called Burmarsh for East Dymchurch. The station had 2 platforms, a ticket office, waiting room and signaling facilities.[13]

Following the war the station was demoted to a 'halt', and renamed as Burmarsh Road Halt. It was closed down due to lack of use in 1948. The buildings were demolished, with exception of the roof of the waiting hall. In September 1977 the station was reopened to offer a school transport service to the Southlands Comprehensive School.[15] The school service last ran 2015.

Steam train at the Burmarsh Road level crossing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 5 October 2015. 
  2. ^ Burmarsh: The Fortress in the Marsh? Archived May 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Wilson, John Marius (1870–72). Imperial Gazetter of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullerton & Co. 
  4. ^ "History of Burmarsh". Kent Past. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  5. ^ "Romney Marsh, the Fifth Continent". Romney Marsh. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  6. ^ Bristow, W. "The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 8". Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  7. ^ "Burmarsh (Parish): Key FIguers for 2011 Census: Key Statistics"". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 February 2017. 
  8. ^ "Population density 2011". Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  9. ^ "Qualifications - Burmarsh". Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  10. ^ "UK percentage of people with no qualifications". Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  11. ^ "Total employment in Burmarsh". Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  12. ^ "The History of the NHS". National Health Service. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  13. ^ a b "Kent Past". Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  14. ^ "All Saints Church, Burmarsh". Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  15. ^ "Burmarsh Road railway station". Wikipedia: 30 March 2017. 2016-09-07. 

External links[edit]