Butt Bridge

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This article is about the bridge in Dublin. For the bridge in the U.S. state of Georgia, see Butt Memorial Bridge.
Butt Bridge
Droichead Bhutt
Butt Bridge (left foreground) by night
Butt Bridge (foreground) by night, with Loopline Bridge (middle), and Custom House (background)
Coordinates 53°20′52″N 6°15′18″W / 53.347778°N 6.255°W / 53.347778; -6.255Coordinates: 53°20′52″N 6°15′18″W / 53.347778°N 6.255°W / 53.347778; -6.255
Crosses River Liffey
Locale Dublin
Characteristics
Material Concrete
Total length ~65m
Width ~20m
History
Construction end 1932

The Butt Bridge (Irish: Droichead na Comhdhála, meaning "Congress Bridge")[1] is a road bridge in Dublin, Ireland which spans the River Liffey and joins George's Quay to Beresford Place and the north quays at Liberty Hall.

The original bridge on this site was a structural steel swivel bridge, which was opened in 1879 and named for Isaac Butt (Who died that year), leader of the Home Rule movement.[2]

The swing section, made of wrought iron and weighing 200 tons, ran on a series of cast spoke wheels and was powered by a steam engine, which was housed on a timber pier on the downstream side of the bridge. The swing action allowed boats to pass and berth in the river as far upstream as Carlisle Bridge (now O'Connell Bridge).

In 1932, the swing bridge was replaced with a three span fixed structure of reinforced concrete, but retained its original English name.[3] The Irish name of the bridge however, Droichead na Comhdhála or "Congress Bridge", derives from the Eucharistic Congress of 1932 which was held in Dublin that year.[4][1]

The central span of the current bridge is formed by two cantilevered sections, with the two approach spans acting as counterweights. This model represented the first use in reinforced concrete of a cantilevered and counterweight construction in either Britain or Ireland.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Droichead na Comhdhála / Butt Bridge". Irish Placenames Commission Database. Logainm.ie. Retrieved 10 December 2016. 
  2. ^ Project history of Dublin's River Liffey bridges (PDF). Bridge Engineering 156 Issue BE4 (Report). Phillips & Hamilton. 
  3. ^ a b Cox, Ronald C (1998). Civil Engineering Heritage, Ireland. Thomas Telford. ISBN 0-7277-2627-7. 
  4. ^ "Stories about Butt Bridge". Bridges of Dublin. Dublin City Council. Retrieved 10 December 2016.