By the Blue Hawaiian Waters
|By the Blue Hawaiian Waters|
|Light music by Albert Ketèlbey|
Some of the music of By the Blue Hawaiian Waters had been incidental music in a play Ye Gods in 1916. Ketèlbey wrote the "tone-picture" in 1927. It was probably first performed in Harrogate the same year, and published that year, also in versions with piano.
Theme and music
A synopsis of scenes by the composer mentions that after a short introduction and a vigorous hula dance, a lover plays his "native love-call", followed by the "Song of the Hula Girl". The work is concluded by a lively dance at a betrothal ceremony.
In 1929, it was recorded, conducted by the composer. He made only minor cuts, and added a Hawaiian guitar, played by Len Fellis, "a star of many a dance band". Ketèlbey replaced the clarinet by an alto saxophone for the love-call, making it "one of the earliest recordings of a standard orchestra to include a saxophone". It was reissued in 2002 in a collection of his light music. A review notes that the work "treads a dangerous and ultimately unsuccessfully schizophrenic path between the hula and urbane romanticism."
A recording with Frieder Weissmann conducting the Berliner Symphoniker, possibly in March 1931, also used the saxophone and Hawaiian guitar, but additionally gong, xylophone and a men's chorus singing without words, because it was coupled with In a Chinese Temple Garden which requires the larger ensemble.
- McCanna, Tom. "Works for orchestra". albertketelbey.org.uk. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- McCanna, Tom. "By the Blue Hawaiian Waters". albertketelbey.org.uk. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- By the Blue Hawaiian Waters. Bosworth. 1927.
- Manheim, James. "Albert Ketelbey: In a Monastery Garden; In a Chinese Temple Garden; Sanctuary of the Heart; Will You Forgive? / By the Blue Hawaiian Waters, Tone Picture". AllMusic. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- Woolf, Jonathan (2003). "British Light Music / Albert Ketèlbey (1875–1959) / In a Monastery Garden". musicweb-international.com. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- "Ketelbey: In a Monastery Garden (Ketelbey) (1924–1932)". Naxos. 2002. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
- The Music of Albert W. Ketèlbey / A Catalogue, compiled by Tom McCanna
- Philip L. Scowcroft: Monastery Garden and Persian Market / The Travels of Albert W. Ketèlbey