CITER 155mm L33 gun
|Cañón 155 mm. L 33 Modelo Argentino|
|Place of origin||Argentina|
|Used by||Argentine Army, Croatian Army|
|Wars||Falklands War, Yugoslav Wars, Croatian War of Independence|
|Weight||8,200 kg (18,100 lb)|
|Barrel length||5.15 m (16 ft 11 in) L/33|
|Caliber||155 mm (6.1 in)|
|Elevation||-10° to +67°|
|Muzzle velocity||765 m/s (2,510 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||20 km (12 mi)|
|Maximum firing range||24 km (15 mi) (with special ammunition)|
Developed in late 1970s by CITEFA as obus 155 mm L33 X1415 CITEFA Modelo 77 in order to replace the World War II era M114 155 mm howitzer still in service in the Argentine Army. The ordnance is based on the gun carried by the French Mk F3 155mm self-propelled gun, also in service with the Argentine Army.
Also designed by CITEFA is a slightly improved version named "Modelo 81".
Examples of Modelo 77 were used during the Falklands War. A total four guns were captured by the British, these were flown in via Argentine Air Force C-130 Hercules during the conflict's last weeks in order to repel British naval gun fire after direct request from Argentinian commander to Buenos Aires Junta. They were feared by British soldiers and were considered high value targets for British commanders.
Some were sold in black market and purchased by Croatian Army. Theses were used in combat with Serbian forces in Croatian War of Independence.
- Argentine Army - 109
- Croatian Army - 18
- Foss, Christopher F. (July 2004). Jane's Armour & Artillery, 2004-2005 (25th ed.). Jane's Information Group. ISBN 0-7106-2616-9.