Cacheu River

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Cacheu
Farim
Rio Farim-Cacheu, São Vicente, Guinea-Bissau (9089335316).jpg
View of the river near São Vicente, Guinea-Bissau
Location
CountryGuinea-Bissau
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationNorth of Contuboel
 - coordinates12°23′N 14°34′W / 12.383°N 14.567°W / 12.383; -14.567
Mouth 
 - location
Atlantic Ocean
 - coordinates
12°11′16″N 16°18′53″W / 12.18778°N 16.31472°W / 12.18778; -16.31472Coordinates: 12°11′16″N 16°18′53″W / 12.18778°N 16.31472°W / 12.18778; -16.31472
 - elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length257 km (160 mi)
Basin features
Tributaries 
 - leftCanjambari River
 - rightOngueringao River, Elia River

The Cacheu is a river of Guinea-Bissau also known as the Farim along its upper course. Its total length is about 257 km. One of its major tributaries is the Canjambari River.

Course[edit]

Its headwaters are near the northern border of the country, north of Contuboel and close to a bend of the Geba River. It runs west, by the town of Farim and close to Bigenè, and broadens into an estuary on whose south shore the town of Cacheu may be found. Elia Island is a fairly large island located on the right bank of the river close to its mouth. The island's western end lies east of the confluence with the Elia River with Ongueringao Island on the other bank.[1]

The Cacheu is navigable to large (2,000-ton) ships for about 97 km in, and to smaller vessels much further; it was formerly an important route for commerce.

History[edit]

During the Portuguese Colonial War, the Guinea-Bissau War of Independence, the river served several military operations.[2]

In 2000, a large part of the estuary of the river became part of the Cacheu River Natural Park.[3] 68% of the park features mango trees, which forms a part of a large block of the trees in West Africa.

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]