Caernarvon Boroughs by-election, 1945

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The Caernarvon Boroughs by-election, 1945 was a parliamentary by-election held on 26 April 1945 for the British House of Commons constituency of Caernarvon Boroughs.

Previous MP[edit]

The seat had become vacant when the constituency's Liberal Member of Parliament (MP), David Lloyd George (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) had been elevated to the peerage as the 1st Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor in January 1945.

Lloyd George was first elected as the constituency's MP at the Caernarvon Boroughs by-election, 1890, caused by the death of the previous Conservative MP.

During a long and distinguished political career the former MP had served in many high offices, notably as Chancellor of the Exchequer 1908-1915 and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 1916-1922. He had led the Liberal Party, after the retirement of H. H. Asquith, from 1926 to 1931.


The election took place during the Second World War. Under an agreement between the Conservative, Labour and Liberal parties, who were participating in a wartime coalition, the party holding a seat would not be opposed by the other two at a by-election. Accordingly, the Liberal Party nominated a candidate, but no Labour or Conservative representative was put forward. Plaid Cymru, which was not a party to the electoral agreement, selected a candidate; so a contested poll took place.

Two candidates were nominated. The list below is set out in descending order of the number of votes received at the by-election.

1. The Liberal Party candidate, supporting the coalition government, was 40-year old (David Richard) Seaborne Davies (26 June 1904 – 26 October 1984). After winning the by-election, he only served in Parliament between April and July 1945. Davies was defeated by a Conservative candidate in the United Kingdom general election, 1945.

2. Representing Plaid Cymru was Prof. J.E. Daniel. He also contested Caernarvon Boroughs in the 1945 general election.


1945 by-election: Caernarvon Boroughs
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Seaborne Davies 20,754 75.2 +8.6
Plaid Cymru John Edward Daniel 6,844 24.8 N/A
Majority 13,910 50.4 +17.2
Turnout 27,598 58.8 -18.6
Registered electors 46,910
Liberal hold Swing N/A

See also[edit]


  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919-1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)