Elections in Wales

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Wales

Wales has elections to four tiers of government: 22 unitary local authorities, the National Assembly for Wales, the United Kingdom Parliament and the European Parliament.

Local government[edit]

There are elections to 22 unitary authorities across Wales every four years, most recently on 1 May 2012. The electoral system currently used is First Past The Post. Key unitary authorities are Cardiff, Newport and Swansea councils which all lie on the southern coastal belt.

Local election results 2012
Local election results 2008
Local election results 2004

National Assembly for Wales[edit]

The National Assembly for Wales has existed since 1999, after the Welsh voters narrowly approved it in the 1997 devolution referendum. It is based in Cardiff Bay, and there are elections every 5 years for 60 Assembly Members (AMs). Voters have 2 votes with 40 AMs being elected by First Past The Post system in individual constituencies, and a further 20 AMs are elected by the Regional Top-Up system in which voters have an extra vote for a specific region that they reside in. The regions are South Wales East, South Wales Central, South Wales West, Mid and West Wales and North Wales. Each region elects four AMs based on the proportionality of the vote.

Latest election[edit]

Past elections and referenda[edit]

UK Parliament[edit]

Wales has been eligible to send MPs to Westminster since the Laws in Wales Act 1535. Between then and 1885, most constituencies were divided into county and borough constituencies and were both able to send one MP to Westminster. As the industrial revolution took hold and calls for reform (particularly in towns such as Methyr Tydfil), Parliament eventually allowed the new towns to vote and this introduced the first Labour MPs. Indeed the first leader of the Labour Party in Parliament, Keir Hardie, was one of the two MPs for Merthyr Tydfil. The following table shows the composition of Wales's MPs sent to Westminster since 1885.

Party
Year
Conservative Labour Liberal Democrat/
Liberal
Plaid Cymru Independent Liberal Unionist Independent Labour others
1885 4 - 29 - - - - 1
1886 6 - 26 - - 1 - 1
1892 3 - 30 - - - - 1
1895 8 - 24 - - 1 - 1
1900 6 1 26 - - 1 - 1
1906 - 1 28 - - - 1 -
January 1910 2 5 27 - - - - -
December 1910 3 6 26 - - - 1 -
1918 4 10 19 - - - - 20
1922 6 18 2 - - - 1 9
1923 4 19 11 - - - - 2
1924 9 16 11 - - - - -
1929 1 25 10 - - - - -
1931 6 15 5 - - - 1 9
1935 6 18 8 - - - - 4
1945 3 25 7 - - - - 1
1950 3 27 5 - - - - 1
1951 5 27 3 - - - - 1
1955 5 27 3 - - - - 1
1959 6 27 2 - - - - 1
1964 6 28 2 - - - - -
1966 3 32 1 - - - - -
1970 7 27 1 - - - 1 -
February 1974 8 24 2 2 - - - -
October 1974 8 23 2 3 - - - -
1979 11 22 1 2 - - - -
1983 14 20 2 2 - - - -
1987 8 24 3 3 - - - 1
1992 6 27 1 4 - - - -
1997 - 34 2 4 - - - -
2001 - 34 2 4 - - - 1
2005 3 29 4 3 - - 1 -
2010 8 26 3 3 - - 0 -
2015 11 25 1 3 - - 0 -

Detailed Breakdowns[edit]

2010[edit]

Party Candidates Seats Seats
change
Votes  %  %
change
Labour 40 26 Decrease4 531,601 36.2 Decrease6.5
Conservative 40 8 Increase5 382,730 26.1 Increase4.7
Liberal Democrat 40 3 Decrease1 295,164 20.1 Increase1.7
Plaid Cymru 40 3 Increase1 165,394 11.3 Decrease1.3
UKIP 40 0 0 35,690 2.4 Increase1.0
BNP 19 0 0 23,088 1.6 Increase1.5
Independent 0 0 15,339 1.0
Blaenau Gwent PV 1 0 Decrease1 6,458 0.4
Green 10 0 0 6,293 0.4 Decrease0.1
Christian 0 0 1,947 0.1
Socialist Labour 4 0 0 1,155 0.0
New Millennium Bean Party 1 0 0 558 0.0
National Front 1 0 0 384 0.0
Monster Raving Loony 2 0 0 352 0.0
TUSC 2 0 0 341 0.0
Communist 1 0 0 196 0.0
Alliance for Green Socialism 1 0 0 127 0.0
Turnout: 1,446,690 64.9

2005[edit]

Party Candidates Seats Seats
change
Votes  %  %
change
Labour 29 Decrease5 594,821 42.7 Decrease5.9
Conservative 3 Increase3 297,830 21.4 Increase0.4
Liberal Democrat 4 Increase2 256,249 18.4 Increase4.6
Plaid Cymru 3 Decrease1 174,838 12.6 Decrease1.7
UKIP 0 Steady 20,297 1.5
Green 0 Steady 7,144 0.5
Forward Wales 0 Steady 3,461 0.2
Legalise Cannabis 0 Steady 1,772 0.1
BNP 0 Steady 1,689 0.1
Socialist Labour 0 Steady 1,605 0.1
Veritas 0 Steady 1,437 0.1
Respect 0 Steady 643 0.0
Liberal 0 Steady 605 0.0
Socialist Alliance 0 Steady 557 0.0
Communist 0 Steady 440 0.0
Yourself 0 Steady 284 0.0
Bean Party 0 Steady 159 0.0
Independent 1 Increase1 28,888 2.3
Turnout: 1,392,719 62.4

2001[edit]

Party Candidates Seats Seats
change
Votes  %  %
change
Labour 40 34 Steady 666,956 48.6 Decrease6.1
Conservative 40 0 Steady 288,623 21.0 Increase1.4
Plaid Cymru 40 4 Steady 195,893 14.3 Increase4.4
Liberal Democrat 2 Steady 189,254 13.8 Increase1.5
UKIP 0 Steady 12,552 0.9
Green 0 Steady 3,753 0.3
Socialist Labour 0 Steady 2,805 0.2
Socialist Alliance 0 Steady 2,258 0.2
ProLife Alliance 0 Steady 1,609 0.1
Communist 0 Steady 384 0.0
BNP 0 Steady 278 0.0
Others Steady 7,959 0.6
Turnout: 1,372,324 61.6

European Parliament[edit]

Wales is a constituency in European Parliament elections.

See also[edit]