Cairn Rouge

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Cairn Rouge
SirePitcairn
GrandsirePetingo
DamLittle Hills
DamsireCandy Cane
SexMare
Foaled9 March 1977[1]
CountryIreland
ColourBay
BreederJanet Brady
OwnerD Brady/Craig Singer
TrainerMichael Cunningham/George Getz
Record15: 6-3-0
Major wins
Mulcahy Stakes (1980)
Irish 1000 Guineas (1980)
Coronation Stakes (1980)
Champion Stakes (1980)
Awards
Timeform rating 99 (1979), 127 (1980), 126 (1981)
Honours
Cairn Rouge Stakes at Killarney Racecourse

Cairn Rouge (foaled 9 March 1977) was an Irish Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. After showing promise as a two-year-old in 1979, Cairn Rouge improved to become one of the best three-year-old fillies in Europe in the following year. She won the Irish 1000 Guineas and the Coronation Stakes against horses of her own age and sex, before defeating strong weight-for-age competition in the Champion Stakes. She failed to win in five starts as a four-year-old, but showed good form when finishing second in a controversial race for the Champion Stakes. After a brief, unsuccessful period racing in North America she was retired to stud, where she had some success as a broodmare.

Background[edit]

Cairn Rouge was a small, lightly built, dark-coated bay mare with a white star bred in Ireland by Janet Brady. She was one of the second crop of foals sired by the Goodwood Mile winner Pitcairn, who also sired Ela-Mana-Mou before being exported to Japan in 1978. She was the first foal of dam Little Hills, who won on the flat and over hurdles. Little Hills' grand-dam Stone Crop was a half-sister of the Ascot Gold Cup winner Zarathustra.[2]

As a yearling, Cairn Rouge was sent to the sales, but was bought back by her breeders for 3000 guineas. She was sent into training with Michael Cunningham, who was best known for his successes in National Hunt races.[3]

Racing career[edit]

1979: two-year-old season[edit]

After finishing unplaced in a one-mile race on her debut, Cairn Rouge won a maiden race over eight and a half furlongs at Galway Racecourse in September, beating Cassia by four lengths. In October she was sent to England to contest the Malton Stakes over seven furlongs at York Racecourse. She accelerated into the lead a furlong from the finish and won by one and a half lengths from Miss Taymore and Louise Moulton.[4]

1980: three-year-old season[edit]

On her three-year-old debut, Cairn Rouge finished unplaced in a race over seven furlongs on very heavy ground on 17 March. In April she won the Mulcahy Stakes over seven furlongs at Phoenix Park Racecourse, beating the highly regarded Monroe by three lengths. Cairn Rouge was then moved up in class for the Irish 1000 Guineas at the Curragh on 26 May in which she was matched against the leading English fillies Mrs Penny and Millingdale Lillie. Ridden by Tony Murray, she started at odds of 5/1 in a field of eighteen fillies. Cairn Rouge took the lead inside the final quarter mile and accelerated clear of the field to win decisively by two and a half lengths from Millingdale Lillie.[5] In June, the filly was sent to England for the Coronation Stakes (then a Group Two race) over one mile at Royal Ascot in which she faced the 1000 Guineas winner Quick As Lightning at level weights. Ridden by Murray, Cairn Rouge started the 6/5[6] favourite and produced a strong late run on the inside to win by a neck from Quick As Lightning.[7]

At York on 19 August, Cairn Rouge was matched against colts and older horses for the first time in the Benson and Hedges Gold Cup over ten and a half furlongs.[8] The filly took the lead in the last quarter mile but was overtaken in the final strides and was beaten half a length by Master Willie. She was then sent to France and moved up in distance for the Prix Vermeille over 2400 metres at Longchamp Racecourse in September. Racing on ground which was firmer than she had previously encountered she fifth in a very strong field behind Mrs Penny, Little Bonny, Detroit and Gold River. Cairn Rouge's final appearance of the season came in the Champion Stakes over ten furlongs at Newmarket Racecourse in October when she started at odds of 6/1.[6] Murray restrained the filly before producing her with a strong late run in the final quarter mile. She took the lead inside the final furlong and won by three-quarters of a length from Master Willie, with Nadjar in third and Rankin in fourth place.[7]

1981: four-year-old season[edit]

In April 1981, Cairn Rouge was bought for $1.5 million by Craig Singer of Lewisville, Texas.[9] Cairn Rouge began her three-year-old season at Royal Ascot in June, when she started favourite for the Prince of Wales's Stakes but finished fifth behind Hard Fought. The filly returned from the race with a minor injury which kept her off the racecourse for three months. She returned in the Desmond Stakes at the Curragh over one mile in which she was beaten a short head by the three-year-old colt Belted Earl. In October Cairn Rouge attempted to repeat her 1980 win in the Champion Stakes in a field which included To-Agori-Mou, Master Willie, Madam Gay and The Wonder. She ran on strongly in the last quarter mile to finish second, two lengths behind the French-trained three-year-old Vayrann. The winner failed a post-race drug test, but was allowed to keep the race following a private session of the Jockey Club's disciplinary committee on 7 June 1982.[10]

Cairn Rouge was sent to race in the United States in late 1981, where she was trained by George Getz. On 7 November she finished fourth behind Providential, April Run and Galaxy Libra in the Washington, D.C. International Stakes.[11] In December she finished sixth behind Super Moment in the Bay Meadows Handicap.[12]

Assessment[edit]

In 1979, the independent Timeform organisation gave Cairn Rouge a rating of 99, twenty-one pounds below the top-rated two-year-old filly Aryenne.[4] In 1980 she was rated 127 by Timeform, four pounds below the top-rated three-year-old filly Detroit. In the official International Classification she was rated the fourth best three-year-old filly in Europe behind Detroit, Mrs Penny and Shoot A Line. She was also the highest-rated Irish three-year-old of either sex.[7] In the following year she was rated 126 by Timeform and was officially rated the third-best older female horse in Europe behind Gold River and Detroit.[10]

Breeding record[edit]

Cairn Rouge produced at least nine foals between 1983 and 1998, five of whom won races:

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Cairn Rouge (GB), bay mare, 1977[1]
Sire
Pitcairn (IRE)
1971
Petingo (GB)
1965
Petition Fair Trial
Art Paper
Alcazar Alycidon
Quarterdeck
Border Bounty (GB)
1965
Bounteous Rockefella
Marie Elizabeth
B Flat Chanteur
Ardeen
Dam
Little Hills (IRE)
1971
Candy Cane (GB)
1965
Crepello Donatello
Crepuscule
Candy Gift Princely Gift
Kandy Sauce
Ballyogan Queen (GB)
1956
Ballyogan Fair Trial
Serial
Stone Crop Kingstone
Salvia (Family:1-l)[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Cairn Rouge pedigree". equineline.com. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  2. ^ a b "Thoroughbred Bloodlines - Paraffin - Family 1-L". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  3. ^ "LEADING JUMP TRAINERS DOWN THE YEARS". Irish Racing Greats. Archived from the original on 2013-12-02. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  4. ^ a b Timeform staff (1980). Racehorses of 1979. Timeform. ISBN 0-900599-29-4.
  5. ^ "Irish Guineas". Sydney Morning Herald. 27 May 1980. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  6. ^ a b Abelson, Edward; Tyrrel, John (1993). The Breedon Book of Horse Racing Records. Breedon Books Publishing. ISBN 978-1-873626-15-3.
  7. ^ a b c Timeform staff (1981). Racehorses of 1980. Timeform. ISBN 0-900599-31-6.
  8. ^ "White and Gold" (19 August 1980). "Mrs Penny has class to hold off French and Irish challenge". Glasgow Herald. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  9. ^ "Fairway" (23 October 1981). "Chameleon does fine workout". New Straits Times. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  10. ^ a b Timeform staff (1982). Racehorses of 1981. Timeform. ISBN 0-900599-33-2.
  11. ^ "Providence". The Age. 8 November 1981. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  12. ^ "Cairn Rouge Statistics". Equibase.com. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  13. ^ "Ajuga Record By Race Type". Racing Post. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  14. ^ "Roupala Record By Race Type". Racing Post. 2011-06-02. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  15. ^ "Devil's Rock Record By Race Type". Racing Post. 2011-06-02. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  16. ^ "Di Hwang Record By Race Type". Racing Post. 2011-06-02. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  17. ^ "Best Buy Record By Race Type". Racing Post. 2011-06-02. Retrieved 2013-11-24.