California Coast University
|Location||Santa Ana, California, United States|
California Coast University (CCU) is a for-profit, private university, based in Santa Ana, California. It is accredited by the Distance Education Accreditation Commission. Degree programs are offered through CCU's distance education curriculum, through both online and correspondence studies, and traditional classroom attendance is not offered. Approximately 8,000 students are enrolled at any given time.
California Coast University was founded in 1973 as California Western University, with administration and library facilities located in downtown Santa Ana, California. The name was changed to California Coast University in 1981. In 2010, CCU moved to larger headquarters to accommodate its continued growth.
CCU offers undergraduate and graduate programs in business administration, management, marketing, psychology, criminal justice, human resource management, health care management, and education. Beginning in the early years, CCU was distinguished from other nontraditional institutions by staffing the departments with qualified people led by distinguished faculty with doctorates from traditional universities. California Coast University operates an approved testing center for College Level Examination Program (CLEP), DANTES Subject Standardized Tests (DSST), Miller Analogies Test (MAT), Pearson VUE, Castle Worldwide, and PAN.
CCU received national accreditation from the Distance Education Accreditation Commission (DEAC) on January 8, 2005. The DEAC is recognized by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA) in Washington, D.C. and the U.S. Department of Education (USDE). As of January 2010, DEAC accreditation authorizes CCU to award degrees up to and including the doctoral level. Since the DEAC has been approved by USDE to accredit professional doctorates, including the D.B.A. and Ed.D, CCU has been granted approval to offer several Ed.D doctorate programs. CCU has been approved by the State of California since 1974. Such approval since 2009 is currently granted by the California Bureau for Private Postsecondary Education a branch of the California Department of Consumer Affairs.
Before accreditation in 2005, unaccredited CCU was investigated by the U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO) as part of a study of subsidies given to federal employees for coursework and degrees from unaccredited schools and diploma mills. The GAO found no wrongdoing on the part of CCU, and CCU completed their accreditation soon thereafter. CCU graduates with a degree earned during the school's previously unaccredited status have occasionally run into difficulty when trying to use their unaccredited degrees.
From early years before accreditation, California Coast University had full state approval of all academic programs from California which made the degrees legal and academically legitimate nearly everywhere in the world. The original approval system, which established minimum standards for earning credits and minimum time required for completing a degree, was controlled by California State Department Of Education - Private Postsecondary Education Division which ceased operation in 2007. California laws were in revision several times which put the state approval process in doubt and increased the importance of gaining accreditation for California Coast University.
State approval was most important to foreign students and graduates who did business overseas where state approval is the norm. CCU graduates in USA were able to defend their legitimacy in land mark court cases most notably in Texas. Texas accepted the legality of CCU degrees, and other state approved degrees such as the earlier years of the now closed Columbia Pacific University. Many states such as Oregon approve a small number of unaccredited academic programs as a way to avoid creating monopolies of the accrediting agencies and regulating them as public utilities. CCU succeeded where other nontraditional institutions failed, largely because CCU was one of the first nontraditional universities to be created under the California law, and CCU offered unique programs that were not available elsewhere. Also from early years CCU operated from its own building in an attractive neighborhood, and received favorable reviews from leaders in nontraditional education.
Employers in the business community have been generally supportive of CCU graduates from the beginning as a way to moderate the rapidly rising cost of college education. Many thousands of mid career adults were able to continue their educations while continuing to live and work in remote locations. The original intent of Private Postsecondary Education Division was to make the approved degrees comparable to accredited degrees. A substantial difference between academic acceptance and professional acceptance has been noted as a divergence in education between academic degrees oriented toward research and professional degrees oriented toward practice.
Innovations In education
From early years in the 1970's California Coast University found a winning combination by offering off-campus self-paced degree programs to mid-career adults. Students were accepted who had verifiable years of full-time employment in the major field or a closely related field. In the 1980s, seven years of verifiable full time on the job experience were required before entering the doctoral programs. Five years of experience were required to enter the master's degree (MS) programs, and three years of experience were required to enter the baccalaureate (BS) programs. Academic approval by California required not less than nine months or one academic year to complete any degree program. A variety of methods was used to earn credits in structured programs, supplemented by practice lessons and final exams to complete the degree requirements. BS candidates were required to complete a research project. MS candidates were required to complete a thesis. Doctoral candidates were required to complete a dissertation and defend it in a personal appearance before peers, proctors, or the Graduate Committee.
Academic programs at CCU were designed for enhanced job performance in which typical students received support from employers and were granted access to libraries and research facilities comparable to traditional universities. Faculty members were drawn from a combination of qualified educators in traditional universities and recognized business leaders in established corporations.
California Coast University provided distance learning for education of engineering management oriented to technical and business management practice for more than twenty years offering degree programs at the BS, MS, and Ph.D. levels approved by California State Department Of Education. CCU stopped offering the engineering part of the program for new students during a change of staff and reorienting of the CCU programs in preparations for accrediting by DETC (DEAC). The long-time dean of Engineering Management at CCU, Peter L. Shanta,(1921 - 2004) an industrial leader in composite materials and inventor of several patents, died at about the same time that competition increased rapidly from traditional universities for distance education of engineering management degree programs. Engineering students already in the CCU programs were allowed to complete the degrees in a teach-out agreement with DETC, causing CCU to continue staffing its Engineering Management department after accreditation. Teach-out agreements are normal and usually required by laws and other rules for accrediting agencies. CCU gradually shifted its resources to other programs to meet students needs.
Education department was expanded at CCU to offer a more complete distance education program, and new programs were added for Health Care Administration and Criminal Justice. Business studies were subdivided into similar but distinct degree programs for administration, marketing, and management to meet the needs of a diverse student body.
California Coast University was one of the first educational institutions to offer high-level degrees specifically designed to improve job performance and direct a substantial part of the program toward profit making businesses. Expansion of the Education Department is a key factor in the continuing success of California Coast University. Criticisms arise occasionally about CCU programs or policies, but probably not more than occur for other universities.
Prospective students with a career plan or educational path already identified are advised by CCU to check with prospective employers, regulators, or colleges, to make sure the CCU degrees and credits will be accepted for the intended purpose.
- Mohammad Hossein Adeli, Secretary General of Gas Exporting Countries Forum
- David Borja, Northern Mariana Islands educator, military veteran, and politician. He ran for lieutenant governor of the Northern Mariana Islands and was the running mate of gubernatorial candidate Ramon "Kumoi" Guerrero in the 2009 gubernatorial election.
- Walter Martin, twentieth-century Christian apologist and author
- Cheryl Saban, nominee for representative of the United States of America to the Sixty-seventh Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations.
- Doreen Virtue, author and lecturer on New Age topics.
- Charles "Tex" Watson, former member of the Manson Family.
- Philip Wong Yu-hong, legislator in Hong Kong as a member of the Legislative Council (Functional constituencies, Commercial (Second) and a delegate of the National People's Congress in People's Republic of China.
- "Testing Center CCU".
- "California Coast University". Distance Education and Training Council. 2009. Retrieved January 17, 2009.
- "CHEA Database of Institutions Accredited By Recognized U.S. Accrediting Organizations". Chea.org. January 6, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
- "State of California Postsecondary Education Commission". Cpec.ca.gov. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- Federal Employees Have Obtained Degrees from Diploma Mills and Other Unaccredited Schools, Some at Government Expense (PDF), General Accounting Office, May 11, 2004
- Diploma Mills Are Easily Created and Some Have Issued Bogus Degrees to Federal Employees at Government Expense, General Accounting Office, September 2004
- "Two less doctors in the house – Hebert, Wilson back away from PhD's issued by ‘diploma mills'". Fort Bend Herald. September 28, 2007. Retrieved January 17, 2009.
- Carter, Mike; Kelleher, Susan (September 10, 2005). "Local FEMA chief had little disaster experience". Seattle Times. Retrieved January 17, 2009.
- "Guidelines for approval of specific degrees under Education code section 94310(b)".
- "California DOEd - Private Postsecondary Education Division".
- "California Postsecondary Education Commission" (PDF).
- Hebert, et al. v. State of Texas, et. al. (California Coast University Litigation), No. 1:08-cv-0024-SS, in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas (Austin 2008)
- "Texas List Of Illegal Institutions".
- "Oregon Approved Colleges".
- Bear, John (1982). Bear's Guide To Non-Traditional College Degrees - How To Get The College Degree You Want (8th ed.). Berkeley: 10 Speed Press. p. 87. ISBN 978-0898150803.
- 1984-1985 Catalogue. Santa Ana: California Coast University. 1984. pp. 17–18.
- Private Postsecondary Education Informational Bulletin 31 (April 1985), California State Department of Education, Sacramento, California
- "Academic Degrees and Professional Degrees" (PDF).
- 1984-1985 Bulletin. Santa Ana, California: California Coast University. pp. 7–8.
- 1984-1985 Catalog. Santa Ana, California: California Coast University. p. 22.
- 1984-1985 Catalog. Santa Ana, California: California Coast University. pp. 17–18.
- 1984-1985 Catalog. Santa Ana, California: California Coast University. pp. 7–14.
- "Peter L Shanta".
- "Engineering Management Distance Education Programs".
- "Teach Out - DEAC Policy" (PDF).
- "Degree Programs".
- "Student Reviews U. Texas".
- "Acceptance Of Degrees".
- "Saipan Tribune". Saipan Tribune. 2006-08-29. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
- "Saipan Tribune". Saipan Tribune. March 20, 2009. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
- Saturday, February 12, 2005 (February 12, 2005). "Saipan Tribune". Saipan Tribune. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
- "President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts". whitehouse.gov. Retrieved October 7, 2015.
- "Profile of Philip Wong". Legislative Council of Hong Kong. Archived from the original on February 26, 2008.
- English language version of Legislative Council website (home page)