Gulf and Kuwait Medal
|Gulf and Kuwait Medal|
Obverse of the Gulf and Kuwait Medal
|Awarded by the|
monarch of Canada
|Eligibility||All members of the Canadian Forces.|
|Awarded for||Campaign service.|
|Campaign(s)||Gulf War (1990–1991)|
|Clasps||Direct combat for a minimum of one day between 16 January 1991 and 3 March 1991|
|Established||2 August 1990|
|Next (higher)||Canadian Volunteer Service Medal for Korea|
|Next (lower)||Somalia Medal|
Ribbon of the Gulf and Kuwait Medal
The Gulf and Kuwait Medal (French: Médaille du Golfe et du Koweït, or Médaille du Golfe et du Kuwait) was a campaign medal created in 1990 by the Canadian monarch-in-Council to recognize members of the Canadian Forces who had directly participated in the Gulf War, either in the hostilities themselves or during the troop build-up prior to the invasion of Iraq. It is, within the Canadian system of honours, the third highest of the war and operational service medals.
Designed by Bruce W. Beatty, the Gulf and Kuwait Medal is in the form of a 36 millimetres (1.4 in) diameter rhodium plated tombac disc with, on the obverse, the Latin words ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA (Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God, Queen) and CANADA surrounding an effigy of Queen Elizabeth II, symbolizing her roles as both fount of honour and Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Forces. On the reverse is a laurel wreath with a maple leaf at its base encircling the words: GULF AND KUWAIT • 1990-1991 • LE GOLFE ET KUWAIT.
This medallion is worn at the left chest, suspended on a 31.8mm wide ribbon coloured with vertical stripes in light blue (representing the Air Command), scarlet (representing the Land Force Command), and dark blue (recalling the Maritime Command), symmetrically flanking a sand coloured central stripe. Originally, the Gulf and Kuwait medal was to have coincidentally had the same ribbon as the British Gulf Medal; only after the manufacturer of the ribbon informed the Chancellery of Honours at Rideau Hall were the two shades of blue on the Canadian version reversed.
Should an individual already possessing a Gulf and Kuwait Medal be awarded the medal bar for combat service, he or she is granted a clasp— in cupro-nickel and bearing a maple leaf— for wear on the ribbon from which the original medal is suspended.
Eligibility and allocation
On 2 August 1990, Queen Elizabeth II, on the advice of her Cabinet under Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, created the Gulf and Kuwait Medal to recognize members of the Canadian Forces who had served in the theatre of the Gulf War. To qualify for the medal, individuals had to have served for 30 consecutive days between 2 August 1990 and 27 June 1991 in the region of the Persian Gulf as a part of the operation to liberate Kuwait from the invading Iraqi forces, and those who for a minimum of one day engaged in direct combat with the enemy during the offensive that lasted from 16 January to 3 March 1991 were entitled to receive the additional medal bar; in total, 4,436 medals were issued, along with 3,184 bars.
- Office of the Governor General of Canada. "Honorifique > Médailles > Médaille du Golfe et du Koweït". Queen's Printer for Canada. Archived from the original on 14 November 2008. Retrieved 1 September 2009.
- Veterans Affairs Canada. "Le Canada se souvient > Collections et registres > Ordres, décorations et médailles du Canada > Médailles militaires canadiennes et Décorations > Médailles de guerre (1939-1991) > Médaille du Golfe et du Kuwait". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 1 September 2009.
- Office of the Governor General of Canada. "Honours > Medals > Gulf and Kuwait Medal". Queen's Printer for Canada. Archived from the original on 28 February 2009. Retrieved 1 September 2009.
- McCreery, Christopher (2005). The Canadian Honours System. Toronto: Dundurn Press. p. 178. ISBN 978-1-55002-554-5.
- McCreery 2005, p. 177
- Royal Canadian Mounted Police. "Honours and Recognition Programs > Canadian National Honours". Queen's Printer for Canada. Archived from the original on 23 March 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- Department of National Defence. "DH&R Home > Canadian Honours Chart > Sacrifice Medal (SM)". Queen's Printer for Canada. Archived from the original on 14 November 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2009.
- Veterans Affairs Canada. "Canada Remembers > Records & Collections > Canadian Orders, Medals and Decorations > Canadian Military Medals and Decorations > War Medals (1939-1991) > Gulf and Kuwait Medal". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 1 September 2009.