Caniçada Dam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Caniçada Dam
(Hydroeletric Dam of Cávado-Caniçada)
Peneda-Gerês (19371199243).jpg
Caniçada Dam is located in Portugal
Caniçada Dam
Location of Caniçada Dam
(Hydroeletric Dam of Cávado-Caniçada) in Portugal
Official nameBarragem da Caniçada/HICA-Hidroeléctrica do Cávado-Caniçada
LocationBraga, Vieira do Minho, Parada do Bouro
Coordinates41°39′10.8″N 8°13′51.6″W / 41.653000°N 8.231000°W / 41.653000; -8.231000Coordinates: 41°39′10.8″N 8°13′51.6″W / 41.653000°N 8.231000°W / 41.653000; -8.231000
PurposePower
StatusOperational
Opening date1955
Owner(s)Companhia Portuguesa de Produção de Electricidade
Dam and spillways
Type of damConcrete arch dam
ImpoundsCávado River
Height (foundation)76 m (249 ft)
Length246 m (807 ft)
Elevation at crest163 m (535 ft)
Dam volume90,000 m3 (3,200,000 cu ft)
Spillway typeOver the dam
Spillway capacity1,700 m3/s (1.4 acre⋅ft/s)
Reservoir
Total capacity170,600,000 m3 (138,300 acre⋅ft)
Active capacity159,300,000 m3 (129,100 acre⋅ft)
Surface area6.89 km2 (2.66 sq mi)
Normal elevation162 m (531 ft)
Operator(s)Energias de Portugal
Commission date1954
Hydraulic head121 m (397 ft) (max)
Turbines2 x 31 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity62 MW
Annual generation337.4 GWh

The Caniçada Dam (Portuguese: Barragem da Caniçada/HICA-Hidroeléctrica do Cávado-Caniçada) is a concrete arch dam on the Cávado River, the civil parish of Parada do Bouro, in the municipality of Vieira do Minho, in the Portuguese Norte (district of Braga. It is owned by Companhia Portuguesa de Produção de Electricidade (CPPE).[1]

History[edit]

The dam was completed and began functioning in 1955.[2]

In 196, approval was obtained to begin a program of observation of the dam, as proposed by the Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil (Civil Engineering National Laboratory).[2]

Architecture[edit]

Caniçada Dam is a 76 metres (249 ft) tall (height above foundation) and 246 metres (807 ft) long arch dam with a crest altitude of 163 metres (535 ft). The volume of the dam is 90,000 cubic metres (3,200,000 cu ft).[2] The dam features a spillway with 4 gates over the dam with a maximum discharge 1,700 cubic metres per cubic foot (2,100,000 cu ft/m3) per second, and one bottom outlet with maximum discharge 142 cubic metres (5,000 cu ft) per second.[2][1]

Reservoir[edit]

At full reservoir level of 163 metres (535 ft) the reservoir of the dam has a surface area of 783 square kilometres (302 sq mi) of 6.89 (5.78)[3]km² and a total capacity of 170.6 mio. m³; its active capacity is 159.3 (144,4)[4]mio. m³.[1] With the 144,4 mio. m³ water 32 GWh can be produced.[4]

Power plant[edit]

The hydroelectric power plant went operational in 1954. It is operated by EDP. The plant has a nameplate capacity of 62[3][4] (60[5][6]}} or 100[7]) MW. Its average annual generation is 337.4[4] (283,[6] 345[3] or 346[1][5]) GWh. The power station contains 2 Francis turbine-generators with 31 MW (34 MVA) each in an underground powerhouse 134[5] m below the surface. The turbine rotation is 300 rpm. The minimum hydraulic head is 77 m, the maximum 121 m. Maximum flow per turbine is 34 m³/s.[4] The turbines and generators were provided by Voith.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Caniçada Dam". APA Barragens de Portugal. Retrieved 2015-02-24.
  2. ^ a b c d Basto, Sónia (2012), SIPA (ed.), Barragem da Caniçada / HICA - Hidroeléctrica do Cávado - Caniçada (IPA.00023994/PT010311110037) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 27 August 2018
  3. ^ a b c "Declaração Ambiental 2012" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Energias de Portugal. p. 23 (21). Retrieved 2015-02-24.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Caniçada Informação Técnica" (in Portuguese). Energias de Portugal. Retrieved 2015-02-24.
  5. ^ a b c d "Canicada Hydroelectric Power Plant Portugal". Global Energy Observatory. Retrieved 2015-02-24.
  6. ^ a b "Hidroelectricidade em Portugal memória e desafio" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Rede Eléctrica Nacional, S.A. p. 29 (27). Retrieved 2015-02-23.
  7. ^ "Hydroelectric Plants in Portugal". Power Plants Around the World. Retrieved 2015-02-24.

Sources[edit]