Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa in Portuguese), is located in the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe, and is the westernmost country in continental Europe. Continental Portugal is bordered by Spain to the north and east and by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south. In addition, Portugal includes two archipelagos in the Atlantic, the Azores (Açores) and Madeira Islands, as well as an extensive exclusive maritime economic zone.
Portugal has witnessed a constant flow of different civilizations during the past millennia. From prehistoric cultures, to its Pre-Roman civilizations (such as the Lusitanians, the Gallaeci, the Celtici, and the Cynetes, amongst others), passing through its contacts with the Phoenician-Carthaginian world, the Roman period (see Hispania, Lusitania and Gallaecia), the Germanic invasions and consequent settlement of the Suevi and Buri (see Suebic Kingdom of Galicia) and the Visigoth (see Visigothic Kingdom), and, finally, the Moorish Umayyad invasion of Hispania and the subsequent Reconquista, all have made an imprint on the country's culture, history and people's ancestry.
The name of Portugal itself reveals much of the country's early history, stemming from the Roman name Portus Cale, a Latin name meaning "Port of Cale", latter transformed into Portucale, and finally into Portugal, who emerged as a county of the Kingdom of León (see First County of Portugal and Second County of Portugal) and became an independent kingdom in 1139. During the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal was a major economic, political, and cultural power, its global empire stretching from Brazil to the Indies.
António de Oliveira Salazar (April 28, 1889—July 27, 1970) was the President of the Council of Ministers of Portugal for 36 years, from 1932 to 1968, and founder of the Estado Novo (New Regime). He was the last of a family of 11, and he was also the only male child. He studied at the Seminary, from 1900 to 1914 and thought of becoming a priest, but he later changed his mind. He studied law at Coimbra University during the first years of the Republican regime. As a young man, his involvement in politics stems from his Catholic views, which were aroused by the new anticlerical Portuguese First Republic. He was Finance Minister during the Ditadura Nacional, and then was appointed President of the Council of Ministers (Prime Minister). Salazar developed the "Estado Novo" (literally, New State). The basis of his regime was a platform of stability; his reforms were advantageous to the upper classes while detrimental to the poorer sections of society. Education was not seen as a priority and therefore not heavily invested in. Salazar relied on the secret police (often known by the name it carried from 1945--1969, PIDE) to repress, torture and, in extreme cases, murder dissidents. During his political rule, Portugal remainded neutral in World War II, joined EFTA and NATO and started a Colonial War. (continued...)
Coimbra is a city in Portugal. The municipality has a population of 148,474 inhabitants, and over 430,000 inhabitants live in its metropolitan area made of 16 concelhos comprising a 3370 km² area. It is the district seat of Coimbra district (distrito de Coimbra) and capital of Centro region (região Centro).
This historic city is located in the central part of Portugal, 120 km south of Porto, 195 km north of Lisbon. One of Portugal's biggest crossroads, Coimbra is served by the A1, the main highway of Portugal. It is set by the Mondego River, about 40 km east of Figueira da Foz, a neighbour coastal city with several beaches, summer and seaport facilities on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. (continued...)
"There are several kinds of states: socialist states, corporative states, and the state we've arrived at!"
Há diversas modalidades de Estado: os estados socialistas, os estados corporativos e o estado a que isto chegou!
Salgueiro Maia to his troops on the evening of 24 to 25 April 1974
"Hats there are plenty, you fool!"
Chapéus há muitos, seu palerma!
Vasco Santana in A Canção de Lisboa
"Rather Queen for a day than duchess for a lifetime."
Antes rainha um dia que duquesa toda a vida.
Luísa de Gusmão, queen-consort of John IV
"Oh salted sea, how much of thy salt are tears of Portugal?"
Ó mar salgado quanto do teu sal são lágrimas de Portugal
Fernando Pessoa, poet
"Dantas might know grammar, might know syntax, might know medicine, might know how to cook suppers for cardinals, he might know everything except how to write which is the only thing he does!"
O Dantas saberá gramática, saberá sintaxe, saberá medicina, saberá fazer ceias pra cardeais, saberá tudo menos escrever que é a única coisa que ele faz!
Almada Negreiros, writer and painter
"Monument to the Discoveries", by architect Continelli Telmo and sculptor Leopoldo de Almeida in Belém, Lisbon, Portugal
Newborn articles related to Portugal:
- Monastery of Santa Clara-a-Velha by Fsouza (talk) 22:05, 31 December 2007 (UTC)
- Santo António Church (Lisbon) by Fsouza 14:59, 22 July 2007 (UTC)
- Praça da Figueira by Fsouza 14:59, 22 July 2007 (UTC)
- Chiado by Fsouza 14:59, 22 July 2007 (UTC)
- Hospital Real de Todos os Santos by Fsouza 14:59, 22 July 2007 (UTC)
- Rossio Train Station by Fsouza 14:59, 22 July 2007 (UTC)
- Portuguese Naval Aviation by Get_It 23:10, 15 July 2007 (UTC)
- List of Portuguese monarchs by longevity by Joaopais 6:33, 1 April 2007 (UTC)
- Auto-estrada by Pedro 00:47, 6 February 2007 (UTC)
- São Roque Church (Lisbon) by --Fsouza 02:29, 15 December 2006 (UTC)
- Nuno José de Moura Barreto by User:Joaopais 03:27, 9 November 2006 (UTC)
- Olympic Committee of Portugal by Parutakupiu 23:59, 27 October 2006 (UTC)
- Portugal Channel by Pedro 01:04, 12 October 2006 (UTC)
- Porto Canal by Pedro 11:21, 1 October 2006 (UTC)
- Southern Portugal Blackout of 2000 by Húsönd 17:31, 26 September 2006 (UTC)
- Ala-Arriba! (film) by Pedro 13:31, 19 September 2006 (UTC)
- A28 (Portugal) by Pedro 20:50, 11 September 2006 (UTC)
- Casino da Póvoa by Pedro 00:52, 7 September 2006 (UTC)
- 2006 Lusophony Games by Joaopais 07:12, 5 September 2006 (UTC)
- CD Olivais e Moscavide by Joaopais 5:49, 5 September 2006 (UTC)
- Monserrate Palace by Húsönd 22:53, 3 September 2006 (UTC)
- General Confederation of Labour (Portugal) expansion by Carabinieri 05:12, 28 July 2007 (UTC)
- Requests: Discovery of the Azores Islands, Portuguese discovery of the sea route to India, Liberal Revolution of Porto, Portugal under Castile and León
- Stubs: Amareleja, Battle of Vimeiro, Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro, Demographic history of Portugal, Diário de Notícias, Elections in Portugal, Gare do Oriente, Honorific orders of Portugal, Iberic Federalism, Louis, Duke of Beja, Mário de Sá-Carneiro, Mário Lino, Nuno Severiano Teixeira, Ophiussa, Pavilhão Atlântico, Tristão da Cunha, Victor Hugo de Azevedo Coutinho
- Verify: Agostinho da Silva, Amélie de Beauharnais of Leuchtenberg, António Teixeira de Sousa, First Battle of Guararapes, Iberic Federalism, Humberto Delgado, Ricardo Pinto, Valenças SC
- Update: Subdivisions of Portugal
- NPOV: Francis Xavier, José Mourinho, Paiva Couceiro
- Wikify: José Augusto
- Merge: Minister of Foreign Affairs (Portugal)
- Cleanup: Battle of São Mamede, Reconquista
- Style: Artur Santos
- Expand: Al'Garb Al'Andalus, County of Coimbra, History of Portugal (1974-1986), History of Portugal (1986-2000), José Norton de Matos, Portugal in the 2000s, Sam the Kid