Capillaria (nematode)

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Eucoleus aerophilus male spicule.jpg
Caudal extremity of male Eucoleus aerophilus (= Capillaria aerophila)[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Nematoda
Class: Enoplea
Order: Enoplida
Family: Capillariidae
Genus: Capillaria
Zeder, 1800

Capillaria is a genus of nematodes in the family Capillariidae (or, according to classifications, in the family Trichinellidae).

Since the taxonomy of the Capillariidae is disputed, species are included within the single genus Capillaria or 22 different genera (Amphibiocapillaria, Aonchotheca, Baruscapillaria, Calodium, Capillaria, Capillostrongyloides, Crocodylocapillaria, Echinocoleus, Eucoleus, Freitascapillaria, Gessyella, Liniscus, Paracapillaria, Paracapillaroides, Pearsonema, Paratrichosoma, Pseudocapillaria, Piscicapillaria, Pseudocapillaroides, Pterothominx, Schulmanela, and Tenoranema).[2]
Some species parasitic in fish, previously classified within Capillaria, are now included in Huffmanela (family Trichosomoididae).

Old literature, and sometimes modern medical literature, use Capillaria as a genus for species included in all these genera.
The term Capillariasis is generally used for diseases produced by species of Capillaria, even if the species is now placed in another genus.


Capillaria plectropomi, caudal end of male[3]

Species in the genus Capillaria include (among hundreds of described species):


  1. ^ Lalošević, V.; Lalošević, D. A.; Čapo, I.; Simin, V.; Galfi, A.; Traversa, D. (2013). "High infection rate of zoonotic Eucoleus aerophilus infection in foxes from Serbia". Parasite. 20: 3. doi:10.1051/parasite/2012003. PMC 3718516. PMID 23340229. open access publication – free to read
  2. ^ Moravec, František 2001: Trichinelloid Nematodes parasitic in cold-blooded vertebrates. Academia, Praha, 432 pp. (list of genera in pages 30-32) (ISBN 8020008055)
  3. ^ Moravec, F.; Justine, J.-L. (2014). "Capillaria plectropomi n. sp. (Nematoda: Capillariidae), a new intestinal parasite of the leopard coral grouper Plectropomus leopardus (Serranidae) off New Caledonia". Parasite. 21: 76. doi:10.1051/parasite/2014076. PMC 4273703. PMID access publication – free to read

See also[edit]