Capnella

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Capnella
Cauliflower soft coral at Rambler Rock south reef P9078397.JPG
Capnella thyrsoidea
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order: Alcyonacea
Family: Nephtheidae
Genus: Capnella
Gray, 1869[1]

Capnella is a genus of soft corals in the family Nephtheidae. They are also commonly known as Kenya tree corals.[2]:214

Species[edit]

Description[edit]

Capnella are arborescent, some species are lobed. Generally they are grey with brown polyps. Colour intensity is dependant on light intensity, the higher the intensity of light, the lighter colour of the coral. They form thick trunks with branches that closely resemble trees. In stronger currents they form flatter colonies with shorter branches.[2]:214

Distribution and habitats[edit]

Kenya Tree corals are widespread throughout the Indo-pacific region, from the African coast to the Western Pacific. They are found on coral reef slopes in clear water from deep to the shallows with strong tidal currents. Sometimes found in shadier places and on coral rubble in shallow water close to the shore.[2]:217

Biology[edit]

They have symbiotic algae from which they obtain most of their nutrients.

Asexual reproduction has been observed. They form distinctive swellings at bottom of a branch which then drops off by fission at the swelling. The branch then secures to a new hold and forms a new colony. They can stick very quickly and will be firmly rooted within a day. Colonies can bend and reattach to the rock or by “creeping” and division at the base.[2]:217

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=146763 accessed 18 July 2013
  2. ^ a b c d 1958-, Delbeek, J. Charles, (1994-). The reef aquarium : a comprehensive guide to the identification and care of tropical marine invertebrates. Sprung, Julian, 1966- (1st ed.). Coconut Grove, Fla.: Ricordea Pub. ISBN 978-1883693138. OCLC 32276839. Check date values in: |date= (help)