Caprona agama

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Spotted angle
SPOTTED ANGLE (Caprona agama) Golden form (?) 2011 04 07 Ezhut hukallu Nilambur malappuram Distric (7780385896) (cropped).jpg
Dry-season form from Kerala
Spotted angle from Savandurga IMG 0045.jpg
Wet-season form from Bangalore
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Hesperiidae
Genus: Caprona
Species:
C. agama
Binomial name
Caprona agama
(Moore, 1857)
Synonyms
  • Pyrgus agama Moore, [1858]
  • Pterygospidea erosula C. & R. Felder, [1867]
  • Pterygospidea syrichthus C. & R. Felder, [1867]
  • Tagiades danae Plötz, 1884
  • Abaratha saraya Doherty, 1886
  • Abaratha siamica Swinhoe, 1907
  • Caprona pelias Fruhstorfer, 1909
  • Caprona pelligera Fruhstorfer, 1909
  • Caprona mettasuta Fruhstorfer, 1909

Caprona agama, the spotted angle,[1] is a butterfly belonging to the family Hesperiidae. It is found from southern India[1] to Myanmar and in Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, southern China, Java and Sulawesi. The species was first described by Frederic Moore in 1857.[2][3][4][5][6][7]

Description[edit]

Male. Upperside dark blackish-grey covered with white spots. Forewing with four spots in the cell, commencing with a dot before the middle, a spot in the middle, another towards the end, constricted in its middle, with a dot above it and a lunule at the end, the last two having rows of spots below them, one in each interspace, except the interuo-median which has two in each row; three conjugated spots where the sub-apical spots usually are, with the two dots below them, a post-discal series of spots composed of eight spots, the four lower ones in a row a little inwards, the lower two small, and a sub-marginal row of small spots. Hindwing with a small spot in the middle of the cell, a lunule at the end, the latter the centre of a middle row of small spots, a post-discal and a sub-marginal row; the cilia of both wings black, with white spots opposite the sub-marginal spots. Underside. Forewing white, all but the lower basal portion suffused more or less with blackish-grey, the spots as above. Hindwing white, without suffusion, the spots round and black, one at the end of the cell, another above it below the costa, a twin spot below it, towards the base of the interno-median interspace, a discal row of spots, those in the middle smaller than the others, and a sub-marginal row of larger spots; marginal line of both wings black; palpi, body below and the legs white, the long tuft of hairs on the base of foreleg black; head and body above blackish-grey, a white spot on each side of the head. Antennae with a white streak on the club, and white dots on the shaft. Female similar to the male.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b R.K., Varshney; Smetacek, Peter (2015). A Synoptic Catalogue of the Butterflies of India. New Delhi: Butterfly Research Centre, Bhimtal & Indinov Publishing, New Delhi. p. 33. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.3966.2164. ISBN 978-81-929826-4-9.
  2. ^ "Caprona agama agama (Moore,[1858])". A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China. Retrieved 2018-03-29.
  3. ^ Savela, Markku. "Caprona agama (Moore, [1858])". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
  4. ^ Asiatic Society of Bengal (1832). "Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal". Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. 55 (1886): 138.
  5. ^ E. Y., Watson (1891). Hesperiidae Indicae: being a reprint of descriptions of the Hesperiidae of India, Burma, and Ceylon. Madras: Vest and Company. p. 100.
  6. ^ W. H., Evans (1949). A Catalogue of the Hesperiidae from Europe, Asia, and Australia in the British Museum. London: British Museum (Natural History). Department of Entomology. p. 161.
  7. ^ a b One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a work now in the public domain: Swinhoe, Charles (1912–1913). Lepidoptera Indica. Vol. X. London: Lovell Reeve and Co. pp. 78–79.CS1 maint: date format (link)