Carl Axel Mothander
|Major Carl Axel Mothander|
|Occupation||Soldier and author|
|Spouse(s)||Benita von Wrangel|
Carl Axel Mothander (1886-1965) a former Swedish reserve officer; major in the White Finnish Army in the Finnish War of Independence 1917/18, organizer of the Finnish White Army's field hospitals promoted to major; commander of the Swedish volunteers in the Estonian War of Independence promoted to lieutenant colonel. After the war, in 1928, Mothander settled in Estonia, as he married a Baltic German Baroness, Benita von Wrangel (1878-1967). Thereafter Mothander tried to take the role of mediator between the Estonians and the Baltic Germans. The Baltic Germans' effective rule and class privileges had come to an end with the establishment of the Republic of Estonia. On October 10, 1919, The Land Reform Act was passed by the Estonian Constituent Assembly. This act confiscated and redistributed the Baltic German estates, ending 700 years of possession of the regions that the Germans had gained after the Livonian Crusade.
Mothander is the author of the books Baroner, bönder och bolsjeviker i Estland translated into German, Finnish and Estonian. The book analyzed the relationships between Estonians, Baltic Germans and Bolsheviks after the War of Independence. The Finnish translation was censored and banned from book stores in Finland in 1944-1946 Svenske kungens Vita Skepp, det äventyrliga spelet om Estlandssvenskarna is a book written by Carl Mothander about the Estonian Swedes.
Mothander also worked for the Estonian Red Cross and was a member of the Red Cross Katyn Commission that investigated the alleged Soviet massmurder on Polish officers taken prisoners during the Soviet-Polish war 1939.
The Swedish volunteer unit to support the Republic of Estonia in the Estonian War of Independence under the command of Carl Mothander was formed in Sweden in early 1919. In March 1919, 178 volunteers took part in scout missions in Virumaa. In April, the company was sent to the Southern front and took part of the battles near Pechory. By May 5 there was 68 men left in the company. On May 17, the company was disbanded by the order of the Estonian Minister of War. Some of the volunteers returned home in Sweden, some joined the Estonian Army, some the Danish volunteer unit. Other commanders of the Swedish volunteers in Estonia included C.G. Malmberg and L. Hällen.
- On Estonian Swedes and assimilation campaign of the Republic of Estonia, by Alar Schönberg accessed 13 November 2007
- (German) Genealogisches Handbuch der baltischen Ritterschaften, Estland, Görlitz 1930[permanent dead link]
- (German) Barone, Bauern und Bolschewiken in Estland
- Estonia: Identity and Independence By Jean-Jacques; p. 140 ISBN 90-420-0890-3
- Encyclopædia Britannica 11th edition Archived August 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- (Swedish) Baroner, bönder och bolsjeviker i Estland at google books
- (Finnish) Forbidden books in Finland Archived October 27, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- (Swedish) om Estlandssvenskarna at books.google