Carl F. Jordan

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Carl F. Jordan
Year Degree Specialty University
1958 BS Conservation of Natural Resources University of Michigan
1964 MS Plant Ecology Rutgers University
1966 Ph.D. in Botany Plant Ecology Rutgers University

Carl F. Jordan is Professor Emeritus, Odum School of Ecology, University of Georgia.[1][2]

Biography[edit]

Carl F. Jordan grew up Maine during the 1940s and early 50s . He enjoyed the wilderness there, especially canoe trips on the Allagash and Penobscot rivers, and noticed cutting of the spruce-fir forest by the pulp and paper companies. In 1953, he enrolled at the University of Michigan and decided to major in forestry, because he believed that it could help him understand deforestation. In 1962 he enrolled in graduate school at Rutgers University where the Botany Dept. had a program in Plant Ecology; it was during this time that Carl was introduced to the concept of nutrient cycling which then led to his scientific future.

In 1966, once he acquired his Ph.D. he joined H.T. Odum in an Atomic Energy Commission project in Puerto Rico and applied the cycling concept to that of radioactive isotopes in the rain forest, for which he was awarded the Ecological Society of America’s Mercer award. In 1969, Carl moved to Argonne National Laboratory where he continued to study radioactive pollution from nuclear power plants around Lake Michigan. In 1974, he had the opportunity to lead a project for the University of Georgia near San Carlos de Rio Negro in the Amazon Region of Venezuela. Carl during this time focused on determining how forests of the Amazon survived on the nutrient-poor soils and could even flourish and support shifting cultivation. His research uncovered that nutrients from decaying organic matter on the forest floor recycled directly back into the roots of living trees. As long as the cycle was intact, the forest flourished, but destruction by agriculture or grazing cut the cycle and destroyed productive capacity. His research in this domain is well documented.

In 1980, Carl returned to the University in Athens Georgia. He began taking graduate students, while continuing his research in San Carlos, and expanding it to Brazil, Ecuador, and Thailand. Most notable projects were studies in Brazil of the Jari Plantation in Brazil, a pulp plantation of hundreds of square miles, and rehabilitation of the forests around the Carajas mines in central Amazonia. The primary concentration in all these studies was the importance of preserving the soil organic matter to keep the nutrient cycle intact and functioning.

In 1993, Carl acquired a farm near Athens Georgia that had once been part of a pre-Civil cotton plantation and began research on more sustainable ways to manage organic agriculture. He originated the first University course in Georgia on organic farming, and opened the farm to tours and classes interested in sustainable agriculture. By 2017, more than 20,000 students had toured the farm.

Carl retired as Professor Emeritus in 2009. He published 9 books, 140 professional papers, and mentored 35 graduate students. Since retirement he has continued to manage Spring Valley EcoFarms where Ecology classes continue for laboratory exercises.

Books[edit]

1.Jordan, C.F. (Editor) 1981. Benchmark Papers in Tropical Ecology.[3] Hutchinson and Ross, Inc. Stroudsburg, Pa.

2.Jordan, C.F. 1985. Nutrient Cycling in Tropical Forest Ecosystems. Wiley, Chichester.

3.Jordan, C.F. (Editor and author) 1987. Amazon Rain Forests: Ecosystem Disturbance and Recovery. Springer Verlag. N.Y.

4.Jordan, C.F. 1989. An Amazonian Rain Forest. The Structure of Function of a Stressed Ecosystem and the Impact of Slash and Burn Agriculture.[4] Man and the Biosphere Series, Volume 2. UNESCO, Paris and Parthenon, Carnforth, England.

5.Jordan, C.F., J. Gajaseni, and H. Watanabe (eds) 1992. Taungya: Forest Plantations with Agriculture in S.E. Asia.[5] C.A.B. International, U.K.

6.Jordan, C.F. 1995 Conservation:[6] Replacing Quantity with Quality as a Goal for Global Management. (Textbook). Wiley, N.Y.[7]

7.Jordan, C.F. 1998. Working with Nature:[8] Resource Management for Sustainability.[9] Harwood Academic Publishers. Overseas Publishers Association. Amsterdam.

8. Castellanet, C. and C.F. Jordan. 2004.[10] Participatory Action Research in Natural Resource Management. Taylor and Francis. UK.

9. Montagnini F. and C.F. Jordan. 2005 [11] Tropical Forest Ecology: The Basis for Management and Conservation. Springer Verlag, Berlin.

10. Jordan, C.F. 2013.[12] An Ecosystem Approach to Sustainable Agriculture: Energy Use Efficiency in the American South. Springer Verlag. Heidelberg.

Selected Articles and Book Chapters[edit]

1. Jordan, C.F. 1968. A simple, tension-free lysimeter. Soil Science 105: 81-87.

2. Kline, J.R. and C.F. Jordan. 1968. Tritium movement in soil of a tropical rain forest. Science 160: 550-551.

3. Jordan, C.F. 1969. Derivation of leaf area index from quality of light on the forest floor.[13] Ecology 50: 663-666.

4.Jordan, C.F., J.J. Koranda, J.R. Kline, and J.R. Martin. 1970.Tritium movement in a tropical ecosystem. BioScience 20: 807-812.

5. Jordan, C.F. 1971. Productivity of a tropical forest and its relation to a world pattern of energy storage.[14] Journal of Ecology 59: 127-142.

6. Jordan, C.F. 1971. A world pattern in plant energetics. American Scientist 59: 425-433.

7. Jordan, C.F., J.R. Kline, and D.S. Sasscer. 1972. Relative stability of mineral cycles in forest ecosystems. The American Naturalist 106: 237-253.

8. Jordan, C.F. and J.R. Kline. 1976. Strontium-90 in a tropical rain forest: 12th year validation of a 32-year prediction. Health Physics 30: 199-201.

9. Jordan, C.F. and J.R. Kline. 1977. Transpiration of trees in a tropical rain forest.[15] Journal of Applied Ecology 14: 853-860.

10. Jordan, C.F. and P.G. Murphy. 1978. A latitudinal gradient of wood and litter production and its implications regarding competition and species diversity in trees. American Midland Naturalist[16] 99:415-434.

11. Stark, N. and C.F. Jordan. 1978. Nutrient retention by the root mat of an Amazonian rain forest.[17] Ecology 59: 434-437.

12. Herrera, R. T. Merida, N. Stark, and C.F. Jordan. 1978. Direct phosphorus transfer from leaf litter to roots through mycorhizzal connections in an Amazonian rain forest. Naturwessenschaften 65:208-209.

13. Jordan, C.F., and G. Escalante. 1980. Root productivity in an Amazonian rain forest.[18] Ecology 61: 14-18.

14. Herrera, R., C.F. Jordan, E. Medina, and H. Klinge. 1981. How human activities disturb the nutrient cycles of a tropical rainforest in Amazonia. Ambio 10: 109-114. JSTOR 4312652[19]

15. Jordan, C.F., W. Caskey, G. Escalante, R. Herrera, F. Montagnini, R. Todd, and C. Uhl. 1982. The nitrogen cycle in a "tierra firme" rain forest on oxisol in the Amazon Territory of Venezuela. Plant and Soil 67: 325-332.

16. Jordan, C.F. and R. Herrera. 1981. Tropical rain forests: are nutrients really critical? [20] The American Naturalist 117: 167-180.

17. Jordan, C.F. 1982. Amazon rain forests. American Scientist [21] 70: 394-401.

18. Jordan, C.F. 1982. The nutrient balance of an Amazonian rain forest.[22] Ecology 63: 647-654.

19. Smathers, W, M., C.F. Jordan, E.G. Farnworth, and T.H. Tidrick. 1983. An economic production-function approach to ecosystem management. BioScience[23] 33: 642-646.

20. Uhl, C. and C.F. Jordan. 1984. Vegetation and nutrient dynamics during the first five years of succession following forest cutting and burning in the Rio Negro region of Amazonia.[24] Ecology 65: 1476-1490.

21. Jordan, C.F., W. Caskey, G. Escalante, R. Herrera, F. Montagnini, R. Todd, and C. Uhl. 1982. The nitrogen cycle in a "tierra firme" rain forest on oxisol in the Amazon Territory of Venezuela. Plant and Soil 67: 325-332.

22. Jordan, C.F. 1986 Ecological effects of forest clearcutting. pp 345–357 in Committee on application of Ecological Theory to Environmental Problems, eds. Ecological knowledge and environmental problem solving. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.[25]

23. Jordan, C.F. 1986 Ecological effects of nuclear radiation. pp. 331–344 in Committee on application of Ecological Theory to Environmental Problems, eds. Ecological knowledge and environmental problem solving. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.[26]

24. Jordan, C.F. and C. Miller. 1995 Scientific Uncertainty as a Constraint to Environmental Problem-Solving: Large Scale Ecosystems. pp 91–117 in J. Lemons ed. Scientific Uncertainty and Environmental Problem Solving. Blackwell Scientific Publishers. Cambridge, Mass.[27]

25. Jordan, C.F. 2002. Genetic Engineering, the Farm Crisis, and World Hunger. BioScience 52: 523-529[28] -[29]

26. Jordan, C.F. 2004. Organic farming and agroforestry: Alleycropping for mulch production for organic farms of southeastern United States. Agroforestry Systems 61: 79-90.

27. Carrillo Y., B.A. Ball, M.A. Bradford, C.F. Jordan, M. Molina. 2011. Soil fauna alter the effects of litter composition on nitrogen cycling in a mineral soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 43: 1440-1449.

28. Carrillo, Y., C. F. Jordan, K. L. Jacobsen, K.G. Mitchell, & P. Raber. 2011. Shoot pruning of a hedgerow perennial legume alters the availability and temporal dynamics of root-derived nitrogen in a subtropical setting. Plant and Soil 345(1-2): 59-69.

29. Jordan, C.F. 2016. The Farm[30] as a Thermodynamic System: Implications of the Maximum Power Principle

Courses Taught at the School of Ecology, University of Georgia[edit]

  • Tropical Ecological and Cultural Systems (1993-2000) (originated course)
  • Agroforestry/ Agroecology (1995-2004) (originated course)
  • Principles of Conservation Ecology and Sustainable Development II. (co instructor, (1994-2000)
  • Conservation Seminar (2000-2009)
  • Senior Seminar (1999-2002)
  • Fertility and Pest Management in Organic Agriculture. co-instructor, (2007-2008)
  • Organic Agriculture (2004-2013) (originated course)

Membership in Professional & Environmental Organizations[edit]

American Association for the Advancement of Science

Ecological Society of America

Sigma Xi[31]

Sierra Club

Audubon Society

Nature Conservancy

National Wildlife Federation

Inter. Soc. Tropical Foresters

Wilderness Society

Fundacion Neotropica

National Parks and Conservation

Selected Awards and Recognition[edit]

(1973) Mercer Award, of the Ecological Society of America[32]

(1978) Who's Who in America

(2008) Purpose Prize Fellow

(2011) Conservationist of the Year Award Oconee River Soil & Water Conservation District[33]

(2012) 2012 Governor’s Environmental Stewardship Award District 2

References[edit]

  1. ^ "University of Georgia: School of Ecology". www.ecology.uga.edu. Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved 2017-10-11.
  2. ^ "UGA's Carl F. Jordan to discuss new book on sustainable agriculture". Retrieved 2017-10-11.
  3. ^ Tropical ecology. Jordan, Carl F. Stroudsburg, Pa.: Hutchinson Ross Pub. Co. 1981. ISBN 978-0879333980. OCLC 7553921.CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^ An Amazonian rain forest : the structure and function of a nutrient stressed ecosystem and the impact of slash-and-burn agriculture. Jordan, Carl F. Paris, France: UNESCO. 1989. ISBN 9780940813823. OCLC 19589904.CS1 maint: others (link)
  5. ^ Taungya : forest plantations with agriculture in Southeast Asia. Jordan, Carl F., Jiragorn Gajaseni, 1952-, Watanabe, Hiroyuki, 1939-. Wallingford, Oxon, UK: C.A.B. International. 1992. ISBN 978-0851988016. OCLC 27728371.CS1 maint: others (link)
  6. ^ Samson, Fred (1996). Kim, Ke Chung; Weaver, Robert D.; Jordan, Carl F. (eds.). "Two Approaches to Conservation". BioScience. 46 (5): 378–379. doi:10.2307/1312953. JSTOR 1312953.
  7. ^ Cromartie, William J. (1996). "Review of Conservation: Replacing Quantity with Quality as a Goal for Global Management". The Quarterly Review of Biology. 71 (1): 142–143. doi:10.1086/419327. JSTOR 3037889.
  8. ^ Pearson, Scott M. (2000). "Review of Working with Nature: Resource Management for Sustainability". The Quarterly Review of Biology. 75 (2): 207. doi:10.1086/393456. JSTOR 2664331.
  9. ^ Jordan, Carl (1998). 9057025426. Routledge. ISBN 978-9057025426.
  10. ^ Jordan, Carl (2004). Participatory Action Research in Natural Resource Management: A Critque of the Method Based on Five Years' Experience in the Transamozonica Region of Brazil. Routledge. ISBN 978-1135465230.
  11. ^ Montagnini, Florencia; Jordan, Carl F; Jordan, Institute of Ecology Carl F (2005). Tropical Forest Ecology. Tropical Forestry. doi:10.1007/b138811. ISBN 978-3-540-23797-6.
  12. ^ Jordan, Carl F. (2013). An Ecosystem Approach to Sustainable Agriculture. Environmental Challenges and Solutions. 1. doi:10.1007/978-94-007-6790-4. ISBN 978-94-007-6789-8.
  13. ^ Jordan, Carl F. (1969-07-01). "Derivation of Leaf-Area Index from Quality of Light on the Forest Floor". Ecology. 50 (4): 663–666. doi:10.2307/1936256. ISSN 1939-9170. JSTOR 1936256.
  14. ^ Jordan, Carl F. (1971). "Productivity of a Tropical Forest and its Relation to a World Pattern of Energy Storage". Journal of Ecology. 59 (1): 127–142. doi:10.2307/2258457. JSTOR 2258457.
  15. ^ Jordan, Carl F.; Kline, Jerry R. (1977). "Transpiration of Trees in a Tropical Rainforest". Journal of Applied Ecology. 14 (3): 853–860. doi:10.2307/2402816. JSTOR 2402816.
  16. ^ "Volume Information". The American Midland Naturalist. 99 (1): 1–4. 1978. JSTOR 2424927.
  17. ^ Stark, Nellie M.; Jordan, Carl F. (1978). "Nutrient Retention by the Root Mat of an Amazonian Rain Forest". Ecology. 59 (3): 434–437. doi:10.2307/1936571. JSTOR 1936571.
  18. ^ Jordan, Carl F.; Escalante, Gladys (1980-02-01). "Root Productivity in an Amazonian Rain Forest". Ecology. 61 (1): 14–18. doi:10.2307/1937148. ISSN 1939-9170. JSTOR 1937148.
  19. ^ Herrera, Rafael; Jordan, Carl F; Medina, Ernesto; Klinge, Hans (1981). "How Human Activities Disturb the Nutrient Cycles of a Tropical Rainforest in Amazonia". Ambio. 10 (2/3): 109–114. JSTOR 4312652.
  20. ^ Jordan, Carl F.; Herrera, Rafael (1981). "Tropical Rain Forests: Are Nutrients Really Critical?". The American Naturalist. 117 (2): 167–180. doi:10.1086/283696. JSTOR 2460498.
  21. ^ Jordan, Carl F. (1982). "Amazon Rain Forests: Although similar in structure to forests in other regions, Amazon rain forests function very differently, with important implications for forest management". American Scientist. 70 (4): 394–401. JSTOR 27851547.
  22. ^ Jordan, Carl F. (1982-06-01). "The Nutrient Balance of an Amazonian Rain Forest". Ecology. 63 (3): 647–654. doi:10.2307/1936784. ISSN 1939-9170. JSTOR 1936784.
  23. ^ Smathers, Webb M.; Jordan, Carl F.; Farnworth, Edward G.; Tidrick, Thomas H. (1983). "An Economic Production-Function Approach to Ecosystem Management". BioScience. 33 (10): 642–646. doi:10.2307/1309493. JSTOR 1309493.
  24. ^ Uhl, Christopher; Jordan, Carl F. (1984). "Succession and Nutrient Dynamics Following Forest Cutting and Burning in Amazonia". Ecology. 65 (5): 1476–1490. doi:10.2307/1939128. JSTOR 1939128.
  25. ^ Ecological knowledge and environmental problem-solving : concepts and case studies. National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Applications of Ecological Theory to Environmental Problems. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. 1986. ISBN 978-0309036450. OCLC 42328934.CS1 maint: others (link)
  26. ^ Ecological knowledge and environmental problem-solving : concepts and case studies. National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Applications of Ecological Theory to Environmental Problems. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. 1986. ISBN 978-0309036450. OCLC 42328934.CS1 maint: others (link)
  27. ^ Scientific uncertainty and environmental problem solving. Lemons, John. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Science. 1996. ISBN 978-0865424760. OCLC 32968916.CS1 maint: others (link)
  28. ^ F., Jordan, Carl (2002-06-01). "Genetic Engineering, the Farm Crisis, and World Hunger". BioScience. 52 (6): 523. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2002)052[0523:GETFCA]2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0006-3568.
  29. ^ F., Jordan, Carl (2002-06-01). "Genetic Engineering, the Farm Crisis, and World Hunger". BioScience. 52 (6): 523. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2002)052[0523:GETFCA]2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0006-3568.
  30. ^ Jordan, Carl F. (2016-12-01). "The Farm as a Thermodynamic System: Implications of the Maximum Power Principle". BioPhysical Economics and Resource Quality. 1 (2): 9. doi:10.1007/s41247-016-0010-z. ISSN 2366-0112.
  31. ^ "SIGMA XI-RESA GRANTS-IN-AID OF RESEARCH: Report of the Awards made by the Grants-in-Aid of Research Committee for 1964". American Scientist. 52 (3): 250A–265A. 1964. JSTOR 27839066.
  32. ^ "Mercer Award for 1973". Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America. 54 (4): 8. 1973. JSTOR 20165967.
  33. ^ "Carl Jordan and Spring Valley EcoFarms receive conservation award". University of Georgia: School of Ecology. Archived from the original on 2016-11-08. Retrieved 2017-10-11.

External links[edit]