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Frontpage of Zeitschrift für Social- und Wirtgschaftsgeschichte, vol. 1 (1893)
In 1924 he became the first director of the Institute for Social Research, later known as the Frankfurt School. He established and edited a journal of labour and socialist history, the Zeitschrift für Social- und Wirthschaftsgeschichte (1893) and the Archiv für die Geschichte des Sozialismus und der sozialen Bewegung (1911), a journal that is known today as the Grünberg-Archiv (Archive for the History of Socialism and the Workers' Movement). After having suffered from a stroke, he retired in 1929 and left the Institute to Max Horkheimer.