Carl Laemmle Jr.
|Carl Laemmle Jr.|
April 28, 1908
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
September 24, 1979 (aged 71)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Carl Laemmle Jr. (born Julius Laemmle; April 28, 1908 – September 24, 1979) was an American businessman and heir of Carl Laemmle, who had founded Universal Studios. He was head of production at the studio from 1928 to 1936.
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Laemmle was born on April 28, 1908, the son of Carl Laemmle, the founder of Universal Pictures, and Recha Stern Laemmle, who died in 1919 when he was eleven years old. Carl Jr. had a sister Rosabelle, and a cousin Carla, an actress and dancer. His mother was buried in Salem Fields Cemetery, Glendale, New York. The Laemmle family shared a large New York City apartment located at 465 West End Avenue before moving to Los Angeles, California. On July 19, 1941, the family arranged to move Recha's remains to the family mausoleum within the Home of Peace Cemetery in Los Angeles.
During his tenure as head of production, beginning in 1928 in the early years of "talkie" movies, the studio had great success with films such as All Quiet on the Western Front (1930), Dracula (1931), Waterloo Bridge (1931), Frankenstein (1931), East of Borneo (1931), A House Divided (1931), The Mummy (1932), The Old Dark House (1932), The Invisible Man (1933), Imitation of Life (1934), and Bride of Frankenstein (1935).
Laemmle (often referred to as "Junior") developed a reputation in this period for spending too much money on films that did not earn back their cost. By the end of 1935, Universal Studio had spent so much money, and had so many flops, that J. Cheever Cowdin offered to buy the Laemmles out. The notable success, both financially and critically, of the 1936 film Show Boat, was not enough to stem the downslide, and father and son were both forced out of the company. Neither worked on another film again, although Laemmle Jr. lived for 43 more years. Charles R. Rogers became the new head of production at the studio.
Laemmle resided at 1641 Tower Grove Drive in Beverly Hills, California.
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