Carl Moll (1905),
attributed to Ludwig Michalek (1859-1942)
Carl Julius Rudolf Moll|
23 April 1861
13 April 1945 (aged 83)|
Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (23 April 1861 – 13 April 1945) was a prominent art nouveau painter active in Vienna at the start of the 20th century. He was one of the artists of the Vienna Secession who took inspiration from the pointillist techniques of French Impressionists.
Life and career
Moll was born in Vienna, Austria. He studied art at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna. He was a student of Christian Griepenkerl and of Emil Jakob Schindler (the father of Alma Mahler-Werfel née Schindler). After his teacher's death (1892), Moll married Schindler's widow, Anna (née von Bergen).
Moll was a founder-member of the Vienna Secession in 1897 and, in 1903 encouraged the use of the Belvedere Gallery to show exhibitions of modern Austrian art. In 1905 he, along with Gustav Klimt, left the Secession, although Moll continued to be involved with the exhibition of art in Vienna including the first exhibition in Vienna of the work of Vincent van Gogh (the second painting above the sideboard in his 1906 self-portrait is Van Gogh's Portrait of the Artist's Mother). His paintings are characterized by the use of pointillist techniques within a strict organization of the surface of the painting.
He committed suicide at the end of World War II, in Vienna.
On 21 June 2013, the online auction house Auctionata in Berlin sold Moll's Villa in Vienna for 240,000 Euros. Previously a smaller painting, a still-life entitled Speisezimmer I, from the Rau collection fetched 286,700 Euros at Lempertz, a world record price for the artist.
- Edwin Lachnit. "Moll, Carl." Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Web. 25 Feb. 2016
- Wasserman, Janet I. "ALEXANDER ZEMLINSKY; Moll and Nazism". The New York Times (letter). Archived from the original on 25 November 2013.
- "51 | Carl Moll (1861-1945), Large Painting "Villa in Vienna", 1905". Auctionata. Archived from the original on 1 December 2013.
- "Lot 661 - Carl Moll - Speisezimmer I" (in German). Lempertz. Archived from the original on 1 December 2013.
- O. Matulla: "Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Vol. 6, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 1975, ISBN 3-7001-0128-7, p. 353. ". In:
- Edwin Lachnit. "Moll, Carl." In Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online, (accessed January 9, 2012; subscription required).
- Literature by and about Carl Moll in the German National Library catalogue
- Entry for Carl Moll on the Union List of Artist Names
- Biography, Literature and Works by Carl Moll
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