Tobias G. Natter

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Tobias G. Natter

Tobias G. Natter (born 26 May 1961 in Dornbirn, Vorarlberg) is an Austrian art historian and internationally renowned art expert particularly for "Vienna around 1900".


Natter studied at the universities of Innsbruck, Munich and Vienna and graduated with a PhD in 1988. He began his museum career at the Historisches Museum Wien, after which he spent 15 years with the Österreichische Galerie Belvedere in Vienna, finally serving as the institution's head curator. Natter also acted as a frequent consultant and guest curator for the Jewish Museum Vienna, which was re-established in 1990. In 2001, he realized an exhibition on Oskar Kokoschka as the first major loan exhibition to be held by the Neue Galerie New York. From 2006 through 2011, as director of Vorarlberg Landesmuseum (Vorarlberg State Museum), Natter was in charge of the new building and was responsible for changing the museum’s substantive focus. Subsequently, from 2011 until 2013, he held the position of artistic director of the Leopold Museum in Vienna, where he succeeded in attracting a wider audience with exhibitions such as naked men (2012–13). On October 28, 2013 he declared his dismission from this function due to turbulences with his CFO Peter Weinhäupl and Weinhäupl's involvement with the Gustav Klimt Wien 1900 Privatstiftung featuring the Klimt collection of Gustav Ucicky, a prominent figure of NS film-making.[1]

In 2014 he founded Natter Fine Arts, a company specializing in the development of exhibitions as well as the estimation and evaluation of art works. Most recently he curated as CEO of Natter Fine Arts exhibitions for the Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt with a second venue at the Albertina Wien (2016/17), for the Neue Galerie New York (2017), the Belvedere Wien (2016 and 2017) and the Fine Arts Museums San Francisco (2017/18). Natter was appraising amongst others the artistic bequest of the Austrian painters Maria Lassnig and Ernst Fuchs. In the course of his extensive publication activities, he published the current catalogue raisonné of the paintings by Gustav Klimt (2012) and Egon Schiele (2017) both of which are available in several languages.


2018: awarded the title Professor by the Austrian Federal President.[2]


Numerous books and papers published both by and about Natter, the most recent of which are:

  • The Self-Portrait: From Schiele to Beckmann. Prestel Verlag, München u.a. 2019, ISBN 978-3-7913-5859-8.
  • Egon Schiele: The Complete Paintings 1909 - 1918, Taschen, Cologne 2017, ISBN 978-3-8365-4612-6.
  • Klimt & Rodin: An Artistic Encounter, ed. together with Max Hollein, DelMonico Books - Prestel Verlag, München e.a. 2017, ISBN 978-3-7913-5708-9.
  • Klimt and Antiquity: Erotic Encounters, ed. together with Stella Rollig, Prestel Verlag, München e.a. 2017, ISBN 978-3-7913-5699-0.
  • Klimt and The Women of Vienna´s Golden Age: 1900-1918, Prestel Verlag, München e.a. 2016, ISBN 978-3-7913-5582-5.
  • Art for all. The Colour Woodcut in Vienna around 1900, ed. together with Max Hollein and Klaus Albrecht-Schröder, Taschen, Cologne 2016, ISBN 978-9-0000-6619-3.
  • Fürstenglanz. Die Macht der Pracht, ed. together with Agnes Husslein-Arco, Belvedere, Vienna 2016, ISBN 978-3-902805-97-3.
  • Kokoschka. Das Ich im Brennpunkt, ed. together with Franz Smola, Christian Brandstätter Verlag, Vienna 2013, ISBN 978-3-85033-785-4.
  • Gustav Klimt. Die Sammlung im Leopold Museum, ed. together with Elisabeth Leopold, Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern 2013, ISBN 978-3-7757-3744-9.
  • Wolken. Welt des Flüchtigen, ed. together with Franz Smola, Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern 2013, ISBN 978-3-9503018-4-7.
  • Gustav Klimt: The Complete Paintings, Taschen, Cologne 2012, ISBN 978-3836527958.
  • Gustav Klimt. Up Close and Personal. Paintings - Letters - Insights, ed. together with Franz Smola and Peter Weinhäupl, Christian Brandstätter Verlag, Vienna 2012, ISBN 978-3-85033-629-1.
  • nude men. from 1800 until the present day, ed. together with Elisabeth Leopold, Hirmer, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-7774-5851-9.
  • Das Schaudepot. Zwischen offenem Magazin und Inszenierung, ed. together with Michael Fehr and Bettina Habsburg-Lothringen, transcript Verlag, Bielefeld 2010, ISBN 978-3-8376-1616-3.
  • Schnee. Rohstoff der Kunst, Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern 2009, ISBN 978-3-7757-2430-2.
  • Gustav Klimt. Painting, Design and Modern Life, ed. together with Christoph Grunenberg, Tate Publishing, London 2008, ISBN 978-1-85437-735-7.
  • Angelika Kaufmann. Ein Weib von ungeheurem Talent, exhibition catalog Vorarlberg Museum. Hatje-Cantz, Ostfildern 2007, ISBN 978-3-901802-28-7.
  • Gustav Klimt and The Dialogues of the Heterae. Erotic Boundaries in Vienna Around 1900, in: Renée Price (Ed.): Gustav Klimt. The Ronald S. Lauder and Serge Sabarsky Collections. exhibition catalog Neue Galerie New York. Prestel, Munich e.a. 2007, ISBN 978-3-7913-3834-7.
  • Die Tafelrunde. Egon Schiele und sein Kreis, together with Thomas Trummer, exhibition catalog Österreichische Galerie Belvedere. DuMont, Cologne 2006, ISBN 3-8321-7700-0.
  • nach Schiele, ed. together with Thomas Trummer, exhibition catalog Österreichische Galerie Belvedere. DuMont, Cologne 2006, ISBN 3-8321-7722-1.
  • Die nackte Wahrheit. Klimt, Schiele, Kokoschka und andere Skandale, ed. together with Max Hollein, exhibition catalog Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt and Leopold Museum, Vienna. Prestel, Munich e.a. 2005, ISBN 3-7913-3284-8.
  • Egon Schiele and the Neulengbach Affair, in: Renée Price (Ed.): Egon Schiele. The Ronald S. Lauder und Serge Sabarsky Collection. exhibition catalog Neue Galerie New York, Prestel, Munich e.a. 2005, ISBN 3-7913-3390-9.
  • Schiele & Roessler. Der Künstler und sein Förderer. Kunst und Networking im frühen 20. Jahrhundert, ed. together with Ursula Storch, exhibition catalog Historisches Museum Wien. Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern 2004, ISBN 3-7757-1479-0.
  • Die Welt von Klimt, Schiele und Kokoschka. Sammler und Mäzene, DuMont, Cologne 2003, ISBN 3-8321-7258-0.
  • Gustav Klimt und das Frauenbild in Wien um 1900, exhibition catalog Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art, Kobe 2003.
  • Oskar Kokoschka. The Early Portraits 1909-1914, exhibition catalog Neue Galerie New York and Hamburger Kunsthalle. DuMont, Cologne 2001, ISBN 3-8321-7182-7.
  • Klimt und die Frauen, ed. together with Gerbert Frodl, exhibition catalog Österreichische Galerie Belvedere. DuMont, Cologne 2000, ISBN 3-7701-5370-7.
  • Chaim Soutine. Ein französischer Expressionist, exhibition catalog Jewish Museum Vienna, Vienna 2000, ISBN 3-901398-12-0.
  • Max Liebermann und die französischen Impressionisten, ed. together with Julius H. Schoeps, exhibition catalog Jewish Museum Vienna. DuMont, Cologne 1997, ISBN 3-7701-4294-2.
  • Kokoschka und Wien, exhibition catalog Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, Wien 1996, ISBN 3-85202-131-6.
  • aufBRÜCHE. Österreichische Malerei und Plastik der 50er Jahre, exhibition catalog Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, Vienna 1994, ISBN 3-901508-00-7.


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