Caryl Parker Haskins
Caryl Parker Haskins (1908–2001) was a scientist, author, inventor, philanthropist, governmental adviser and pioneering entomologist in the study of ant biology. In the 1930s he was inspired by Alfred Lee Loomis to establish his own research facility. Along with Franklin S. Cooper, he founded the Haskins Laboratories, a private, non-profit research laboratory, in 1935. Affiliated with Harvard University, MIT, and Union College in Schenectady, NY, Haskins conducted research in microbiology, radiation physics, and other fields in Cambridge, MA and Schenectady. In 1939 Haskins Laboratories moved its center to New York City. Seymour Hutner joined the staff to set up a research program in microbiology, genetics, and nutrition. The descendant of this program is now part of Pace University in New York. In the 1940s Luigi Provasoli joined the Laboratories to set up a research program in marine biology which disbanded with his retirement in 1978. Since the 1950s, the main focus of the research of Haskins Laboratories has been on speech and its biological basis. The main facility of Haskins Laboratories moved to New Haven, Connecticut in 1970 where it entered into affiliation agreements with Yale University and the University of Connecticut. Haskins Laboratories continues to be a leading, multidisciplinary laboratory with an international scope that does pioneering work on the science of the spoken and written word
Haskins served as President, Research Director, and Chairman of the Board of Haskins Laboratories, 1935-'87; Director, E.I. du Pont de Nemours, 1971-'81 and Research Professor, Union College, 1937-'55. In 1956, he was appointed to the Presidency of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, a position he held until 1971. He was also President of the Sigma Xi society in 1967-'68. He remained a Trustee of Carnegie Institution and of Haskins Laboratories, as well as Trustee Emeritus of the National Geographic Society until his death. He also continued his research on entomology, working with his wife, Edna Haskins, and other colleagues.
Publications by or about Caryl Parker Haskins
- Philip Abelson. A Model for Excellence. In J. D. Ebert (ed.), This Our Golden Age, 3-10.
- Alice B. Dadourian. A Bio-Bibliography of Caryl Parker Haskins. Yvonix, New Haven, Connecticut, 2000.
- James D. Ebert, editor. This Our Golden Age: Selected Annual Essays of Caryl P. Haskins, President Carnegie Institution of Washington 1956-1971. Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, DC, 1994. LC # 94-70734.
- James D. Ebert. Inspiring Mentor, Visionary Leader. In J. D. Ebert (ed.), This Our Golden Age, 19-24.
- Caryl Parker Haskins. Of ants and men. Prentice-Hall, New York, 1939.
- Caryl Parker Haskins. Of Societies and Men. W.W. Norton, New York, 1951.
- Caryl Parker Haskins. The scientific revolution and world politics. Greenwood Press, 1975.
- Haskins, C. P. and Haskins, Edna F. Notes on the biology and social behavior of the archaic ponerine ants of the genera Myrmecia and Promyrmecia. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 1950, 43(4), 461-491.
- Edward O. Wilson. Caryl Haskins, Entomologist. In J. D. Ebert (ed.), This Our Golden Age, 11-18.
- Alice B. Dadourian, "A Bio-Bibliography of Caryl Parker Haskins"
- New Yorks Times, Death notice
- Jennet Conant, Tuxedo Park: A Wall Street tycoon and the secret palace of science that changed the course of World War II. Simon & Schuster, NY, 2002, p. 17.
- Haskins Laboratories, The Science of the Spoken and Written Word, Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, CT, 2005.