Casimir Pulaski Monument in Savannah
Casimir Pulaski Monument in Savannah, or Pulaski Monument on Monterey Square, is a 19th-century monument to Casimir Pulaski, located at the Monterey Square, on Bull Street, Savannah, Georgia, not far from the battlefield where Pulaski lost his life during the siege of Savannah.
Sources vary with regards to when the cornerstone for the monument was placed, with either 1825 (involving the presence of Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette) or 1853 being given. Coulter notes that the Lafayette cornerstone was originally located at Chippewa Square, but the funding proved insufficient to erect the monument at that time, and in 1853 it was moved to the Monterey Square, where the monument would be erected. Construction of the monument at Monterey Square began after funding (approximately $17,000) was finally secured. The cornerstone was relaid on October 11, 1853 (anniversary of Pulaski's death). Nash notes it was unveiled in 1856; Knight, however, notes that the statue was dedicated on January 9, 1855. The monument is said, according to Knight, to have been "considered at the time one of the most elegant memorials in America." Alongside the monument, a body alleged to be Pulaski's was buried (recent reexaminations of the body were not fully conclusive). Along with the monument and alleged body of Pulaski, a time capsule was buried, described as likely the first time capsule in Georgia.
Szczygielski notes that already on October 29, 1779 (Pulaski died on October 11 that year) the United States Congress passed a resolution that a monument should be dedicated to him. The Savannah monument, built over half a century later, was the first monument dedicated to Pulaski in the United States.
Work on restoration of the monument began in 1995.
The monument is made from Italian marble, with smaller elements of granite. It is 55 feet (17 m) tall. The monument has a bronze bas relief of mounted Pulaski, and is topped with a statue of Liberty, with the stars and stripes banner. The monument was designed by Robert Launitz. The bas relief was designed by Henryk Dmochowski, and shows the moment of Pulaski's death. Additional elements present on the monument include the coat of arms of Poland and the coat of arms of Georgia.
Inscription on the monument reads: "Pulaski, the Heroic Pole, who fell mortally wounded, fighting for American Liberty at the siege of Savannah, October 9, 1779."
- Gary B. Nash (12 June 2003). Landmarks of the American Revolution. Oxford University Press. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-19-512849-9. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "Pulaski Monument". Georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu. Retrieved 2013-05-05.
- Benson John Lossing (30 October 2008). The Pictorial Field-Book of the Revolution. Pelican Publishing. p. 720. ISBN 978-1-4556-1046-4. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- Coulter (1 March 2010). Joseph Vallence Bevan: Georgia's First Official Historian. University of Georgia Press. pp. 105–106. ISBN 978-0-8203-3531-5. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- Lucian Lamar Knight (30 August 2006). Georgia's Landmarks, Memorials, and Legends. Pelican Publishing. pp. 104–105. ISBN 978-1-4556-0481-4. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
- "The Pulaski Mystery". Poles.org. 2008-04-18. Retrieved 2013-05-05.
- "Pulaski's Grand Burial in Savannah". Poles.org. Retrieved 2013-05-05.
- Wacław Szczygielski (1986). "Pułaski Kazimierz". Polski Słownik Biograficzny, Tom XXIX. Zakład Narodowy Imenia Ossolińskich I Wydawnictwo Polskieh Akademii Nauk. p. 393. ISBN 83-04-00148-9.