Castelnau-le-Lez

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Castelnau-le-Lez
Castèlnòu de Les  (Occitan)
Church Saint-Jean-Baptiste
Church Saint-Jean-Baptiste
Coat of arms of Castelnau-le-Lez
Location of Castelnau-le-Lez
Castelnau-le-Lez is located in France
Castelnau-le-Lez
Castelnau-le-Lez
Castelnau-le-Lez is located in Occitanie
Castelnau-le-Lez
Castelnau-le-Lez
Coordinates: 43°38′13″N 3°54′07″E / 43.6369°N 3.9019°E / 43.6369; 3.9019Coordinates: 43°38′13″N 3°54′07″E / 43.6369°N 3.9019°E / 43.6369; 3.9019
CountryFrance
RegionOccitania
DepartmentHérault
ArrondissementMontpellier
CantonMontpellier - Castelnau-le-Lez
IntercommunalityMontpellier Méditerranée Métropole
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Frédéric Lafforgue
Area
1
11.18 km2 (4.32 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[1]
22,534
 • Density2,000/km2 (5,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
34057 /34170
Elevation19–93 m (62–305 ft)
(avg. 60 m or 200 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Castelnau-le-Lez (French pronunciation: [kastɛlno lə lɛz] (listen); Occitan: Castèlnòu de Les) is a commune in the Hérault department in the Occitanie region of Southern France. Located on the outskirts of Montpellier, it is situated around 3 km (1.8 mi) north of the city centre. In 2017, it had a population of 20,480.

Geography[edit]

Map

Castelnau-le-Lez is served by Line 2 of the Montpellier tramway.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 450—    
1800 496+1.40%
1806 547+1.64%
1821 696+1.62%
1831 673−0.34%
1836 745+2.05%
1841 787+1.10%
1846 794+0.18%
1851 861+1.63%
1856 827−0.80%
1861 894+1.57%
1866 1,120+4.61%
1872 906−3.47%
1876 884−0.61%
1881 815−1.61%
1886 884+1.64%
1891 954+1.54%
1896 1,141+3.64%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 1,213+1.23%
1906 1,202−0.18%
1911 1,103−1.70%
1921 1,120+0.15%
1926 1,504+6.07%
1931 1,959+5.43%
1936 2,226+2.59%
1946 2,345+0.52%
1954 2,923+2.79%
1962 4,979+6.88%
1968 8,169+8.60%
1975 9,339+1.93%
1982 9,884+0.81%
1990 11,043+1.40%
1999 14,214+2.84%
2007 15,201+0.84%
2012 16,664+1.85%
2017 20,480+4.21%
Source: EHESS[2] and INSEE (1968-2017)[3]

History[edit]

Hundreds of Jewish children were hidden in the town of Castelnau-le-Lez during the Holocaust. In almost every home, the farmers were hiding children, sometimes from multiple families. After the war, the children were returned to their parents (in the cases where the parents survived the war). The people of the town and the local priest were well aware of the situation, and at least tacitly, supported it.

Twin towns[edit]

Castelnau-le-Lez is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  2. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Castelnau-le-Lez, EHESS. (in French)
  3. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE