Castlebythe

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Castlebythe
Motte at Castlebythe - geograph.org.uk - 393240.jpg
The motte at Castlebythe
Castlebythe is located in Pembrokeshire
Castlebythe
Castlebythe
Castlebythe shown within Pembrokeshire
OS grid reference SN021291
Community
  • Puncheston
Principal area
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire
51°55′N 4°53′W / 51.92°N 4.88°W / 51.92; -4.88Coordinates: 51°55′N 4°53′W / 51.92°N 4.88°W / 51.92; -4.88

Castlebythe (Welsh: Cas-fuwch) is a village and parish in Pembrokeshire, Wales, on the southern slopes of the Preseli Hills, 10 km south-east of Fishguard. The northern part of the parish is in the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park. Together with the parishes of Henry's Moat, Little Newcastle, Morvil and Puncheston, it constitutes the community of Puncheston.

Name[edit]

The Welsh placename (shortened from Castell Fuwch) means "Cow castle", and is perhaps a mocking name for an abandoned fortification, inhabited only by cows.[1] The English placename form is a corruption of the Welsh.

History[edit]

There is a prominent early-Norman motte close to the village. There are a few English placenames in the southern part of the parish,[2] but there is no evidence to suggest large-scale English colonisation in the medieval period, and the parish has always been essentially Welsh-speaking.

Church[edit]

The church of St Michael was rebuilt in 1875 to the designs of Edwin Dolby. It has since been largely demolished.[3]

The parish had an area of 1047 ha. Its census populations were: 174 (1801): 266 (1851): 155 (1901): 102 (1951): 80 (1981).

The percentage of Welsh language speakers was 100 (1891): 98 (1931): 75 (1971).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charles, B. G., The Placenames of Pembrokeshire, National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, 1992, ISBN 0-907158-58-7, p 32
  2. ^ Charles, ibid, p liv
  3. ^ Lloyd, Thomas; Orbach, Julian; Scourfield, Robert (2004). Pembrokeshire. The Buildings of Wales. Yale University Press. p. 262. 

External links[edit]