Category 3 cable

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Category 3 cable, commonly known as Cat 3 or station wire, and less commonly known as VG or voice-grade (as, for example, in 100BaseVG), is an unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cable used in telephone wiring. It is part of a family of standards defined jointly by the Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA) and the Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) and published in TIA/EIA-568-B.

Although designed to reliably carry data up to 10 Mbit/s,[1] modern data networks run at much higher speeds, and Cat 5e or better cable is generally used for new installations.[2]

Networking[edit]

Cat 3 was widely used in computer networking in the early 1990s for 10BASE-T Ethernet and, to a lesser extent, for 100BaseVG Ethernet, Token Ring and 100BASE-T4. The original Power over Ethernet 802.3af specification supports the use of Cat 3 cable, but the later 802.3at Type 2 high-power variation does not.[3]

Replacement[edit]

Starting in the mid-1990s, new structured cabling installations were almost invariably built with the higher performing Cat 5e cable required by 100BASE-TX. Cat 5e or Cat 6 is now used for all modern structured cabling installations. Many large institutions have policies that any upgrade to a network using Cat 3 must involve upgrading to Cat 5e.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CCNA: Network Media Types". Cisco Systems. Retrieved 2017-09-05.
  2. ^ Spurgeon, Charles E (2000). Ethernet: the definitive guide. O'Reilly. p. 125. ISBN 9781565929524.
  3. ^ IEEE 802.3at-2009, clause 33.1.1c
  4. ^ "University of Wisconsin – Standards for the Installation of New Data/Voice Jacks". Retrieved 2013-09-17. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links[edit]