Cathcart Castle

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Cathcart Castle was a 15th-century castle, located in what is now Linn Park in the Cathcart area of southern Glasgow, Scotland. The castle was abandoned in the 18th century, and the remaining ruins were pulled down in 1980, leaving only foundations visible.

History[edit]

The lands of Cathcart were held by the family of that name from the 12th century. In the mid-15th century the head of the family was raised to the peerage as Lord Cathcart, and it is believed that the castle was built at around this time.[1] In 1546 the castle passed to the Semple family. it is Highly unlikely that Mary, Queen of Scots, would have spent the night before the Battle of Langside (1568) at Cathcart Castle or have watched the battle from a nearby hill called the Court Knowe. The Semples were supporters of Mary's enemies and would have captured her and put an end to her plans before the battle had started.[2] Court Knowe is some 60m below the height of Langside village, where the battle too place, meaning Mary would not have been able to see what took place. A more likely site would have been Prospecthill, which lies on the line of her army's approach to Langside. [3]

An alternative version of the story has the Queen living with her kinsfolk, the Stuarts of Castlemilk, whose defensive stronghold at the foot of the Cathkin Braes contained a chamber later known as Queen Mary's Room, where Her Majesty supposedly lodged on the night before the Battle of Langside. The ceiling of this room was ornamented with the Arms of the Stuart monarchs of Scotland.[4][5] This is unlikely either, as Mary spent the preceding week at Hamilton, where 6000 troops gathered. [6].

In 1740 the Semples built Cathcart House, also since demolished, nearby, and moved out of the castle, leaving it to ruin. The newly created 1st Earl Cathcart bought back his ancestral home in 1814, although with the intention of selling off the stone rather than living in it. In 1866 the castle was still standing to 5 storeys, and was surrounded by outbuildings.[7] The lands around the castle were purchased by Glasgow City Council in 1927, and added to Linn Park. In 1980 the remaining ruins were pronounced dangerous, and were pulled down by the council. The site is now a Scheduled Ancient Monument.

Architecture[edit]

The castle was built on the rocky north-east bank of the White Cart Water. It comprised a rectangular tower house, 15.5m by 9m, of five storeys including a vaulted basement. This was supplemented by a curtain wall, enclosing a small barmkin approximately 22m by 15m, with the tower at the centre. The curtain wall had round corner towers, and a twin-towered gatehouse to the east. The foundations of the tower house remain to around 1m high. Earthworks to the west of the castle have been interpreted as the remains of an outer bailey or ringwork.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Salter, p.129
  2. ^ Mason, p.81
  3. ^ Laird of Langside
  4. ^ Ure, p.158
  5. ^ McDowall, p.40
  6. ^ Guide to the Battle of Langside 2018
  7. ^ Williamson, Riches and Higgs, p.540
  8. ^ NMRS Site Ref. NS56SE 43

References[edit]

  • Mason, Gordon The Castles of Glasgow and the Clyde, Goblinshead, 2000
  • Salter, Mike The Castles of South West Scotland, Folly Publications, 1993
  • Williamson, E, Riches, A and Higgs, M The Buildings of Scotland: Glasgow, Penguin, 1990
  • National Monuments Record of Scotland Site Reference NS56SE 43 [1]
  • Ure, David The History of Rutherglen and East Kilbride, 1793
  • McDowall, John.K., The People's History of Glasgow, 1899

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°48′47″N 4°15′23″W / 55.8130°N 4.2563°W / 55.8130; -4.2563